Skip to main content

Full text of "Catalog"

See other formats


INTERNATIONAL 
YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN 
ASSOCIATION COLLEGE 

SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS 



Thirty-fifth Catalog 

1922-1923 



WITH DIRECTORY OF STUDENTS 
For 1921-22 and 1922-23 



Index 



108 
141 

3 

19 

86 

35, 70 
33, 63 
42 
37, 72 
29 
39, 77 
106 
31, 51 
107 
112 
19, 108 
110 
21 
109 
8 
112 
112 
50 
49 
67 

71 
68 
91 
46 
60 
111 
111 
90 
114 
113 
114 
119 

60 
80 
56 
85 
51 
45 
76 

Biblical History and Literature 42 
Biology 47 
Business Administration 59 
Camp Craft 60 
Chemistry 82 



Admission 
Advertisements 
Calendar 

College Graduates 
Corrective Gymnastics 
Courses of Study: 

Boys Work 

County Work 

General 

Industrial 

International Service 

Physical Education 

Preparatory 

Secretarial 

Summer School 
Cut System 
Degrees and Diplomas 
Eligibility 
Equipment 
Expenses 
Faculty 

Faculty Control 
Grading System 
Graduate Work 
Libraries, Use of 
Mass. Agricultural College 
Normal Practice : 

Boys Work 

County Work 

Physical Education 

Religious Education 

Secretarial 
Promotions 

Requirements for Graduation 
Seminars 
Self-Support 
Student Control 
Student Organizations 
Students 

Subjects of Study: 
Accounting 
Anatomy 
Anthropology 
Anthropometry 
Association Administration 
Association History 
Association Industrial Work 



Contemporary Civilization 57 
County Work History and Meth- 
ods 64 
Economic History of Modern 

Europe 75 
Economics 56 
English 49 
English Literature 53 
Expansion of Europe in Asia 57 
Far East 58 
Field Science 48 
First Aid 53, 90 

History of Christianity 45 
History and Principles of Educa- 
tion 89 
History and Philosophy of Reli- 
gion 45 
Hygiene 53, 84 

Industrial History of the United 

States 75 
Labor Problems 75 
Latin America 58 
Massage 90 
Mathematics and Physics 81 
Modern Authors 82 
Modern Expansion of Christian- 
ity 58 
Municipal Sociology 54 
Music 49 
Personal Ethics 45 
Personnel Administration 75 
Philosophy and Ethics 54 
Physical Diagnosis 86 
Physical Education Administra- 
tion 87 
Physical Education Practice: 
Boys Work 71 
County Work 68 
Physical Education 91 
Secretarial 61 
Physiology 53, 82 

Play Organization 87 
Principles and Methods of Work 

with Boys 53, 70 

Psychology 48 
Religious Education 18, 28, 44 
Rural Economics 65 
Rural Sociology 66 
Social Psychology 57 
Sociology 57 
World Classics by Translation 59 
Uniforms 113 



Thirty-Fifth Annual Catalog 

OF THE 

International 
Young Men's Christian Association 
College 

Springfield, M assachusetts 



co 2 & 

• 8 8|y8fl 



Founded in 1885 



1922-1923 



Digitized 


by the Internet Arch 


live 






i 


in 2013 









http://archive.org/details/catalog1922inte 



Calendar 



Annual meeting of the Corporation on the second Friday in 
June. 

Three meetings of the Trustees are held annually — in Septem- 
ber, in April and in connection with the Corporation meeting in 
June. 

College financial year, September 1 to August 31. 

1922 

September 20 — Wednesday . . . Beginning of Fall Term. 
December 22 — Friday Close of Fall Term. 

1923 

January 3 — Wednesday .... Beginning of Winter Term. 

March 19-23 Senior Trip. 

March 19-23 Junior Trip. 

March 23 — Friday noon Close of Winter Term. 

April 3 — Tuesday Beginning of Spring Term. 

June 10-15 Commencement. 

September 19 — Wednesday . . . Beginning of Fall Term. 
December 14 — Friday noon .... Close of Fall Term. 

1924 

January 2 — Wednesday .... Beginning of Winter Term. 

March 17-21 Senior Trip. 

March 17-21 Junior Trip. 

March 18 — Tuesday . . . Sophomore and Freshman Trips. 

March 21 — Friday noon Close of Winter Term. 

April 1 — Tuesday Beginning of Spring Term. 

June 8-13 Commencement. 

September 17 — Wednesday . . . Beginning of Fall Term. 
December 12 — Friday noon .... Close of Fall Term. 

College Holidays 

Thanksgiving. 
Washington's Birthday. 
Memorial Day. 



Officers and Committees 



1922-1923 



President 

LAURENCE L. DOGGETT Springfield, Mass. 

Vice President 

HERBERT L. PRATT New York City. 

Treasurer 

HENRY H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

Auditor 

GEORGE D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

Recording Secretary 

JACOB T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass. 

Superintendent of Property 
JOHN F. SIMONS Springfield, Mass. 

Assistant Treasurer and Office Secretary 
MISS ISABEL A. RICHARDSON Springfield, Mass. 

Executive Committee 

WILLIAM F. ANDREWS Springfield, Mass. 

HENRY H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

CLIFTON A. CROCKER Springfield, Mass. 

CLIFFORD B. POTTER Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE DWIGHT PRATT Springfield, Mass. 

FREDERICK G. PLATT New Britain, Conn. 

Investment Committee 

HENRY H. BOWMAN, Chairman Springfield, Mass. 

PRESTON B. KEITH Campello, Mass. 

Nominating Committee 

BLAKE A. HOOVER, Chairman Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

JOHN H. LOCKWOOD Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on Instruction 

THOMAS M. BALLIET, Chairman New York City. 

WILLIAM ORR, Vice Chairman New York City. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTH New York City. 

GEORGE L. MEYLAN New York City. 

J. C. ARMSTRONG Brooklyn, N. Y. 

KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD Amherst, Mass. 

ARTHUR S. JOHNSON Boston, Mass. 



5 



Committee on Secretarial Course 

J. C. ARMSTRONG, Chairman Brooklyn, N. Y. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTH New York City. 

LEWIS E. HAWKINS Springfield, Mass. 

ARTHUR S. JOHNSON Boston, Mass. 

RALPH L. CHENEY, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on Physical Course 

HERBERT L. PRATT, Chairman New York City. 

ROBERT C. HILL New York City. 

GEORGE L. MEYLAN New York City. 

WILLIAM ORR New York City. 

S. BRINCKERHOFF THORNE New York City. 

JAMES H. McCURDY, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on County Work Course 

HORACE A. MOSES, Chairman Springfield, Mass. 

KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD Amherst, Mass. 

WINTHROP M. CRANE Dalton, Mass. 

EDWARD W. HAZEN Haddam, Conn. 

D. HUNTER McALPIN New York City. 

ALBERT E. ROBERTS New York City. 

GIFFORD PINCHOT Philadelphia, Pa. 

HAROLD W. FOGHT Aberdeen, S. D. 

CHARLES J. GALPIN Washington, D. C. 

WALTER J. CAMPBELL, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on Industrial Course 
COL. BENJAMIN A. FRANKLIN Springfield, Mass. 

E. H. T. FOSTER, Vice Chairman New York City. 

HARRY E. BARNES Worcester, Mass. 

EDGAR H. BETTS Troy, N. Y. 

EDWIN S. KASSING New York City. 

F. J. KINGSBURY Bridgeport, Conn. 

ROBERT E. LEWIS Cleveland, O. 

FRED T. LEY Springfield, Mass. 

R. F. McELWAIN Holyoke, Mass. 

CHARLES C. RAMSDELL Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE W. TUPPER Boston, Mass. 

ROBERT B. WOLF New York City. 

Committee on Grounds 

GEORGE E. ROBINSON, Chairman Springfield, Mass. 

HANFORD M. BURR Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE DWIGHT PRATT Springfield, Mass. 

JOHN F. SIMONS, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Seminars and Theses 
HANFORD M. BURR, JAMES H. McCURDY, RALPH L. CHENEY 

Degrees 

FRANK N. SEERLEY, Chairman, HANFORD M. BURR, JAMES H. McCURDY, 
RALPH L. CHENEY 



6 



Continuation Committee 



J. C. ARMSTRONG, Chairman Brooklyn, N. Y. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTH, Secretary New York City. 

JOHN BROWN Jr New York City. 

CHARLES A. COBURN Newark, N. J. 

WALTER T. DIACK New York City. 

LEWIS E. HAWKINS Springfield, Mass. 

WILMAN E. ADAMS Boston, Mass. 

EDWARD W. HEARNE Boston, Mass. 

RAYMOND P. KAIGHN New York City. 

RICHARD C. MORSE New York City. 

Trustees 



FOR one year 

J. C. ARMSTRONG . . . Brooklyn, N. Y. 

THOMAS M. BALLIET New York City. 

KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD Amherst, Mass. 

WALTER T. DIACK New York City. 

MARTIN I. FOSS Chicago, 111. 

BENJAMIN A. FRANKLIN Springfield, Mass. 

ARTHUR J. HOLDEN Bennington, Vt. 

BLAKE A. HOOVER Springfield, Mass. 

ROBERT E. LEWIS ' Cleveland, Ohio. 

WILLIAM ORR New York City. 

FREDERICK G. PLATT New Britain, Conn. 

DAVID ALLEN REED Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE E. ROBINSON Springfield, Mass. 

FOR TWO YEARS 

EDWARD K. ALLEN Springfield, Mass. 

WILLIAM F. ANDREWS Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

CLIFTON A. CROCKER Springfield, Mass. 

HARRY G. FISK Springfield, Mass. 

JAMES GORDON GILKEY Springfield, Mass. 

ARTHUR S. JOHNSON Boston, Mass. 

PRESTON B. KEITH Campello, Mass. 

JOHN H. LOCKWOOD Springfield, Mass. 

CLIFFORD B. POTTER Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE DWIGHT PRATT Springfield, Mass. 

WALTER M. WOOD Philadelphia, Pa. 

FOR THREE YEARS 

GEORGE C. BALDWIN Springfield, Mass. 

HENRY H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

WILLIAM KNOWLES COOPER Washington, D. C. 

WILLIAM H. DEXTER Springfield, Mass. 

LAURENCE L. DOGGETT Springfield, Mass. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTH New York City. 

GEORGE J. FISHER New York City. 

JOSEPH A. GOODHUE Leominster, Mass. 

GEORGE W. MEHAFFEY Boston, Mass. 

GEORGE L, MEYLAN New York City. 

RICHARD C. MORSE New York City. 

HERBERT L. PRATT New York City. 

ROBERT S. ROSS Schenectady, N. Y. 



Trustees are also members of the Corporation. 




Corporators 



Australia, Adelaide, H. A. Wheeler. 
Brazil, Porto Alegre, Alvaro Almeida. 
China, Nanking, P. L. Gillett. 

Shanghai, J. H. Gray. 
France, Paris, C. A. Bonnamaux. 

" Pontarlier, Leon Mann. 
Great Britain, England, London, Howard Williams. 

" Lord Kinnaird. 
J. J. Virgo. 
Hawaii, Honolulu, James A. Rath. 
Japan, Tokyo, Galen M. Fisher. 

" " T. Komatsu. 
Switzerland, Geneva, Rudolph Horner. 

" " Karl Fries. 

Turkey, Constantinople, D. J. Van Bommel. 
Ontario, Toronto, C. W. Bishop. 

T. D. Patton. 
Quebec, Montreal, J. E. Merritt. 
California, Hemet, M. B. Rideout. 

" Riverside, J. George Hunter. 
Colorado, Denver, Hon. William E. Sweet. 
Connecticut, New Haven, F. D. Fagg. 
District of Columbia, Washington, G. H. Winslow. 
Florida, Pensacola, J. H. Sherrill. 
Georgia, Atlanta, P. M. Colbert. 
Illinois, Chicago, Frank H. Burt. 

A. A. Stagg. 
" Elgin, Alfred Edwards. 
Iowa, Cedar Falls, Homer H. Seerley. 
Kansas, Lawrence, James Naismith. 
Maine, Waterville, J. C. Smith. 
Massachusetts, Boston, W. E. Adams. 

A. E. Garland. 
" E. W. Hearne. 
Chicopee, James L. Pease. 
Dalton, W. M. Crane. 
Maiden, George L. Richards. 
Cambridge, Fred G. White. 
Salem, Christian Lantz. 
Springfield, G. B. Affleck. 

J. T. Bowne. 



Massachusetts, Springfield, J. L. Brooks. 

R. L. Cheney. 
R. W. Ellis. 
" " L. E. Hawkins. 

A. B. Wallace. 
" West Somerville, G. G. Brayley. 

Nebraska, Omaha, R. S. Flower. 
New Jersey, New Brunswick, Kenneth Robbie. 
" Newark, C. A. Coburn. 

" Plainfield, W. D. Murray. 

New Hampshire, Concord, P. A. Foster. 
New York, Albany, H. A. Edwards. 

Brooklyn, C. W. Dietrich. 
" " F. B. Pratt. 

New York, W. H. Ball. 
" " W. A. Bowen. 

F. I. Eldridge. 
" " M. J. Exner. 

F. A. Gaylord. 
R. P. Kaighn. 
C. W. McCutchen. 
F. W. Pearsall. 
" J. Herman Randall. 
" " W. S. Richardson. 

" A. E. Roberts. 
" J. Gardner Smith. 
" Rochester, H. P. Lansdale. 
Troy, Robert Cluett. 
H. S. Ludlow. 
North Carolina, Charlotte, F. C. Abbott. 
Ohio, Cleveland, F. M. Barton. 

A. D. Hatfield. 
" Dayton, H. D. Dickson. 
Oklahoma, Muskogee, J. W. Stafford. 
Oregon, Portland, H. W. Stone. 
Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, Benjamin Thaw. 

Warren, L. W. Archibald. 
Wilkes-Barre, F. M. Kirby. 
Tennessee, Nashville, O. E. Brown. 
Washington, Seattle, H. A. Cook. 



Members of the Faculty 



Laurence L. Doggett, Ph. D., M. H., D. D., President ; History and Litera- 
ture of the Young Men's Christian Association, . 250 Alden Street. 

A. B., Oberlin College, 1886; assistant state secretary Ohio Young Men's Chris- 
tian Associations, 1888; student Union Seminary, 1889; B. D., Oberlin Theological 
Seminary, 1890; A. M., Oberlin College, 1890; general secretary town Young 
Men's Christian Association, Oberlin, 1890; assistant state secretary Ohio, 1890-93; 
Ph. D., Leipsic University, 1895; state secretary Ohio Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciations, 1895-96; president International Young Men's Christian Association Col- 
lege, 1896 — ; author "History of the Young Men's Christian Association," Vol. I., 
1896; Vol. II., 1922; "History of the Boston Young Men's Christian Association," 
1901; "Life of Robert R. McBurney," 1902; principal Silver Bay Institute, 1903-12; 
D. D., Oberlin College, 1911; editor The Association Seminar, 1912-18; M. H., 
International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1917. 



Jacob T. Bowne, M. H. ; Librarian Emeritus, . 121 Northampton Avenue. 

In business, 1863-77; secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Hudson, 
N. Y., 1877-78; assistant secretary Brooklyn, 1878-80; secretary Newburgh, N. Y., 
1880-83; in charge of Secretarial Bureau of International Committee, New York 
City, 1883-85; professor and librarian International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, 1885-1923; M. H., 1906; founder Historical Library of the American 
Young Men's Christian Associations, 1877; founder of the Secretaries' Insurance 
Alliance, 1880; joint editor of "Association Handbook," 1887-92; author "Decimal 
Classification for Association Publications," 1891; joint author "Decimal Classifica- 
tion for Physical Training," 1901; compiler "Classified Bibliography of Boy Life 
and Organized Work with Boys," 1906. 



Frank N. Seerley, B. Ph., M. D., M. H., Dean; Hygiene and Psychology, 

180 Westford Avenue. 

General secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Iowa City, Iowa, 1883-85; 
general secretary Davenport, Iowa, 1886-87; general secretary Oshkosh, Wis., 
1888-89; student International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1889-90; 
professor, 1890 — ; M. D., State University, Vermont, 1891; B. Ph., State Univer- 
sity, Iowa, 1896; student Clark University Summer School three years; member 
Springfield Board of Education, 1896-1912; student in psychology at University of 
Paris and physical director Paris Young Men's Christian Association, 1903-04; 
M. H., International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1907; Dean, 
1907 — ; lecturer in colleges under college department, International Committee, 
1912—; Y. M. C. A. war work, 1917-19. 



Hanford M. Burr, B. A., B. D., M. H. ; History and Philosophy, 

54 Alden Street. 

B. A., Amherst College, 1885; B. D., Hartford Theological Seminary, 1888; 
assistant pastor First Church, Lowell, Mass., 1889; pastor Park Church, Spring- 
field, Mass., 1890-92; professor International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1892 — ; M. H., 1911; postgraduate work in sociology, economics and 
psychology at Columbia University, 1897; author "Studies in Adolescent Boyhood," 
1907; "Donald McRea," 1911; "Around the Fire," 1912; "Tales of Telal," 1914; 
"The Inner Office," 1916; "Cave Boys," 1923. 



James H. McCurdy, A. M., M. D., M. P. E. ; Director of Physical Course, 

93 Westford Avenue. 

Assistant secretary Bangor, Me., 1887; physical director Auburn, Me., 1888; 
student International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1889-90; athletic 
and aquatic director New York City Association, 1891-94; M. D., New York Uni- 
versity, 1893; physical and medical director Twenty-third Street Branch Associa- 
tion, New York City, 1893-95; professor International Young Men's Christian 
Association College, 1895 — ; M. P. E., 1907; graduate student in physiology of exer- 
cise Harvard Medical School, 1896 and 1900; lecturer on physiology of exercise 



9 



Harvard Summer School, 1903-11; joint author "Decimal Classification for Physical 
Training," 1901; member of the Academy of Physical Education, of the Physical 
Directors' Society of the Young Men's Christian Associations of North America, of 
the College Directors' Society, of the Society for the Study of Athletics, of the 
permanent committee on international School Hygiene and of the National commis- 
sion on the reorganization of secondary education; delegate to the National Colle- 
giate Athletic Association; special collaborator for the United States Bureau of 
Education; president American Athletic Federation; author "Bibliography of 
Physical Training," 1905; editor American Physical Education Review, 1906 — ; 
honorary graduate Sargent Normal School, 1907; graduate student Clark University, 
1908-09; A. M., Clark University, 1909; director Division Health, Hygiene and 
Athletics, War Work Council Y. M. C. A., France, 1917-18. 



William G. Ballantine, D. D., LL. D. ; Professor Emeritus, The Bible, 

292 Sumner Avenue. 

A. B., Marietta College, 1868; A. M., 1874; graduate Union Theological Semi- 
nary, New York, 1872; student University of Leipsic, 1872-73; D. D., Marietta 
College, 1885; LL. D., Western Reserve University, 1891; assistant engineer 
American Palestine Exploring Expedition, 1873; professor of chemistry and nat- 
ural science, Ripon College, 1874-76; assistant professor of Greek, Indiana Uni- 
versity, 1876-78; professor of Greek and Hebrew, Oberlin Theological Seminary, 
1878-81 ; professor of Old Testament language and literature, 1881-91; president 
Oberlin College, 1891-96; professor International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, 1897 — ; author of "Inductive Logic"; student University of Berlin, 
1907-08. 



John F. Simons, B. H. ; Registrar, .... 94 Massachusetts Avenue. 

Business, 1890-96; general secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Phil- 
mont, N. Y., 1896-97; graduate International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1900; postgraduate course, 1901; assistant librarian, 1898-1910; B. H., 
1910; registrar, 1910 — . 



Elmer Berry, B. S., M. P. E. ; Associate Director of Physical Course; 
Physiology, Physiology of Exercise, Baseball and Director of 
Summer School, 79 Albemarle Street. 

B. S., University of Nebraska, 1901; student assistant physical department 
University of Nebraska, 1899-1901; second lieutenant Nebraska University Cadets, 
1901; graduate International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1902; 
fellow, 1903; assistant professor, 1903-04; professor, 1904 — ; M. P. E., 1908; 
editor "A Manual of Marching"; instructor physiology of exercise and gymnastics, 
Silver Bay Summer Institute, 1906-18; special student Harvard Medical School, 
summers 1907-08; student University of Berlin, 1912-13; author "Baseball Notes 
for Coaches and Players," "The Forward Pass"; joint editor "Physical Effects of 
Smoking." 



Ralph L. Cheney, B. S., A. M., M. H. ; Director of Secretarial Course; 
Association Methods, Sociology, . . 144 Massachusetts Avenue. 

B. S., Oberlin College, 1898; in business, 1898-99; graduate International Young 
Mens Christian Association College, 1901; assistant secretary Albany, N. Y, 
Association, 1901-03; general secretary Niagara Falls, N. Y., 1903-07; B. H., Inter- 
national Young Men's Christian Association College, 1907; M. H., 1916; professor, 
1907 — ; instructor Association Methods and Municipal Sociology, Silver Bay Sum- 
mer Institute, 1908 — ; graduate work in Sociology and Economics, Columbia Uni- 
versity Summer School, 1914; camp general secretary, Camp Upton, 1918; secretary 
Personnel Bureau overseas, War Work Council, 1919; A. M., Clark University, 



Frederick S. Hyde, B. A., B. D. ; General History, English, Music, Drama, 

284 Pine Street. 

Graduate Amherst College, 1888; teacher in Syrian Protestant College, Beirut, 
Syria, 1888-92; graduate Union Theological Seminary, N. Y., 1894; pastor Con- 
gregational Church, Groton, Conn., 1894-1907; professor International Young Men's 
Christian Association College, 1907—; editor "Springfield College Songs " 



10 



George B. Affleck, B. A., A. M., M. P. E. ; Hygiene, Anthropometry, His- 
tory, Aquatics, 190 Massachusetts Avenue. 

Graduate Manitoba Provincial Normal School, 1895; B. A., University of Mani- 
toba, 1897; assistant secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Winnipeg, 
1898-99; physical director State Teachers College, Cedar Falls, Iowa, 1901-07; gradu- 
ate International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1901; B. P. E., 
1907; M. P. E., 1912; professor, 1908 — ; physical director Central Department 
Young Men's Christian Association, Chicago, 111., 1907-08; A. M., Clark University, 
1920. 



Walter J. Campbell, M. A.; Director of County Work Course; County 
Work Methods, Rural Economics, Rural Sociology and Sociology, 

68 Dunmoreland Street. 

B. A., Princeton University, 1899; Princeton Theological Seminary, 1899-1902; 
M. A., Princeton University, 1902; director of playgrounds, New York City, 
summers 1900 and 1901; pastor Presbyterian Church, Suffern, N. Y., 1902-06; 
associate State County Work secretary for New York, 1906-11; State County 
Work secretary for Pennsylvania^ 191 1-14; director of County Work course, 
International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1914 — ; member of 
faculty, Silver Bay County Work Institute, 1906 — ; leader in "Challenge of the 
Country" at Eagles Mere and Northfield Student Conferences, 1912 — ; member of 
commission on Church and Country Life of Federal Council of Churches of Christ 
in America, 1914 — ; chairman of committee on Leadership Training of American 
Country Life Association, 1918 — ; Rural Extension Division Secretary of League 
to Enforce Peace, 1919 — ; President, National Federation of Collegiate Country 
Life Clubs, 1922. 



Miss Georcina E. Carr, B. A.; Librarian, . 5 Northampton Avenue. 

Boston University, 1905; New York State Library School, 1906; Worcester 
Public Library, 1906-07; Union College Library, 1907; Troy Public Library, 1908- 
11; International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1912 — . 



Stacy B. Betzler, B. P. E. ; Director of Department of Corrective Gym- 
nastics and Pliysiothcrapy, 51 Westford Avenue. 

Instructor physical education Newark Academy, 1892-94; business, 1894-97; 
instructor physical education Providence, R. I., Athletic Association, 1897-98; 
student University of Virginia Medical School, 1898-99; instructor physical educa- 
tion Peekskill Military Academy, 1899-1900; Stroudsburg Normal School, 1900-01; 
Young Men's Christian Association, Cortland, N. Y., 1901-02; Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, Madison, N. J., 1904-12; two years' training in medical gymnastic 
department Vanderbilt clinic, Columbia University; ten years' experience as 
specialist in medical gymnastics; B. P. E., International Young Men s Christian 
Association College, 1916; professor, 1916 — . 



Arthur Rudman; Personal Ethics, Religious Normal Work, 

Silver Street, Agawam, Mass. 

Secretary Army Young Men's Christian Association, Spanish American War, 
1899-01; assistant secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Fall River, Mass., 
1901-04; secretary Army Young Men's Christian Association, Philippine Islands, 
1904-07; the Presidio, San Francisco, Calif., 1908-11; secretary county Young Men's 
Christian Association, Franklin County, Mass., 1911-13; pastor First Congregational 
Church, Greenfield, Mass., 1913-16; secretary Army Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, Mexican Border, 1916-17; secretary War Work Council, France, December, 
1917-April, 1918; professor International Young Men's Christian Association Col- 
lege, 1917 — ; director army work secretaries course, 1917-18. 



George E. Dawson, A. B. Ph. D. ; Experimental Psychology, Anthropology, 

Rogers Avenue, West Springfield. 

A. B., University of Michigan, 1887; student University of Leipsic, 1888-89; 
Fellow psychology, Clark University, 1895-97 and Ph. D., 1897; professor of English 
and classical languages, Carleton Institute, Farmington, Mo., 1887-88; principal 
Oil City, Pa., high school, 1889-91; professor English and literature, State Agricul- 
tural and Mechanical College of South Dakota, 1891-93; instructor English, Uni- 
versity of Michigan, 1893-95; professor psychology, Bible Normal College, Spring- 



11 



field, Mass., 1897-1901; head department English and History, Pratt Institute, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., 1901-02; professor psychology, School of Religious Pedagogy, Hart- 
ford, Conn., 1902-1919; professor of education, Mount Holyoke College, 1903-08; 
director psychological laboratory, Henry Barnard public school, Hartford, Conn., 
1908-16; clinical psychologist, Springfield, Mass., public schools, 1913 — ; lecturer 
psychology, University of Chicago, summers 1899 and 1911; lecturer history of 
education and educational psychology, New York University, 1905-06; professor 
experimental psychology and anthropology, International Young Men's Christian 
Association College, 1919 — . 



Paul Otto, M. P. E. ; Anatomy, Play Organisation, Gymnastics, Athletics, 

2 Gerrish Court. 

Instructor physical education, Mount Hermon preparatory school, 1912-15; 
director physical education, Boys' Club, Springfield, Mass., 1915-18; officer F. A., 
U. S. A., 1918; B. P. E., International Young Men's Christian Association College, 
1918; professor, 1919—; M. P. E., 1919. 



Warren C. Wade, B. S., B. P. E. ; Chemistry, Physical Practice, 

64 Dunmoreland Street. 

Spencerian Business College, Milwaukee, Wis., 1904-05; Beloit College, Wis., 
1906-07 and 1908-11; B. S., 1911; instructor chemistry, physics and athletics, high 
school, 1911-15; U. S. Army, Infantry, 1917-19, first lieutenant, 1918; B. P. E., 
International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1917; professor, 1919 — ; 
summer sessions University of Wisconsin, 1914-19; summer quarters University of 
Chicago, 1921 and 1922. 



Leslie J. Judd, B. P. E. ; Gymnastics and Athletics, Varsity Gymnastic 
Team Coach, 61 Dunmoreland Street. 

Business, 1905-10; championship gymnastic teams, National Eistedfod, Ballarat, 
Australia, 1906-07; physical director Young Men's Christian Association, St. 
Patrick's and Church of England Colleges, Ballarat, 1910-11; Perth Association, 
Western Australia, 1911-13; Bedford Branch, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1913-15; honorary 
captain with Australian Imperial Forces in France, 1917-19; graduate Silver Bay 
Summer School, 1915, member faculty, 1920; B. P. E., International Young Men's 
Christian Association College, 1920; professor, 1920 — ; member faculty Summer 
School, 1920. 



John D. Brock, B. P. E. ; Secretary Physical Course, Physical Normal 
Work, Gymnastics and Athletics, . . 142 Massachusetts Avenue. 

Physical director boys' camps, 1909-10; physical director Young Men's Christian 
Association, Bridgeport, Conn., 1910-17; instructor gymnastics Silver Bay, 1917; 
Y. M. C. A. camp physical director, Camp Jackson, 1917; director physical training 
and recreation, First Corps School, France — appointment by French Minister of 
War to Centre Regional Physique a Lyon, 1918; city physical director Young 
Men's Christian Association, Bridgeport, 1919-20; B. P. E., International Young 
Men's Christian Association College, 1910; professor, 1920 — . 



William B. Kirkham, Ph. D. ; Biology, 100 Mill Street. 

A. B., Yale, 1904; A. M., 1906, Ph. D., 1907; Harvard Graduate School, 1904-5; 
assistant in biology, Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University, 1905-07; instructor, 
1908-16; assistant professor, 1916-20; professor International Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association College, 1921 — . 



Leonard I. Houghton, B. H. ; Accounting, Business Administration, 

203 Dunmoreland Street. 

Graduate Albany Business College, 1909; Lafayette College, 1911-12; Columbia, 
1912-13; International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1913-15; B. H., 
1915; K. A. II. Honor Society; Teachers College and School of Business, Columbia 
University, 1920-21; Member National Association of Cost Accountants; business, 
1909-10; Young Men's Christian Association, 1910-11; general secretary Adiron- 
dack Young Men's Christian Association work, 1915-17; Army Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, 1917; United States Army, Aviation Section, 1918; public ac- 
countant, 1920-21; professor International Young Men's Christian Association Col- 
lege, 1921—. 



12 



Charles A. Hawley, S. T. M., Ph. D. ; Biblical History and Literature, 

38 Dunmoreland Street. 

B. A., Hamilton College, 1916; B. D., Union Theological Seminary, 1919; 
S. T. M., 1920; Ph. D., Columbia University, 1922; graduate student in Semitics, 
Columbia University, 1917-20; assistant pastor Manhattan Congregational Church, 

1919- 20; graduate student in Biblical History and Literature, University of Basel, 

1920- 21; student in Semitic Philology, University of Halle-Wittenberg, 1922; student 
at the American School of Archaelogy in Jerusalem, 1923; author "A Critical 
Study of the Peshitta of Ezra"; member of Society of Biblical Literature and 
Exegesis; professor International Young Men's Christian Association College, 

1921- . 



Gustav T. Schwenning, B. H., A. M. ; Director of Industrial Course; 

Economic History of Modern Europe, Industrial History of the 
United States, Industrial Association Work, Economics, Labor 
Problems, Personnel Administration, . 100 Dunmoreland Street. 

Assistant secretary Institute Branch Young Men's Christian Association on the 
Bowery, New York City, 1913-16; business secretary Bronx Union Branch Young 
Men's Christian Association, New .York City, 1916-17; camp general secretary 
Army Young Men's Christian Association, Camps Stuart and Morrison, Va., 1917- 
18; director industrial Young Men's Christian Association work, United States 
Arsenal, Springfield, Mass., 1919-20; hut secretary Army Young Men's Christian 
Association, Camp Dix, N. J., summer 1919; B. H., International Young Men's 
Christian Association College, 1920; studied industrial Association work in New 
York City and vicinity and student at Silver Bay Industrial School, summer 1920; 
scholar in history and international relations, Clark University, 1920-22; Honorary 
Fellow, 1922-23; student in summer session, 1922; A. M., 1921; student in 
economics and labor problems, Columbia University, summer 1921; professor In- 
ternational Young Men's Christian Association College, 1921 — . 



Frank M. Mohler, B. A.; Director Department of International Service; 

The Expansion of Europe in Asia; The Far East; Latin America; 
The Modem Expansion of Christianity, 98 Dunmoreland Street. 

Assistant secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Topeka, Kansas, 1901; 
B. A., Washburn College, 1904; Rhodes Scholar, Oxford University, England, 
1905-08; secretary student department Young Men's Christian Association, Hong- 
kong, 1909-11; associate general secretary, 1911-21; lecturer International Young 
Men's Christian Association College, fall 1921; lecturer Chicago Young Men's 
Christian Association College, spring 1922; graduate student of history and inter- 
national relations, Clark University, 1922; graduate student in comparative religions, 
University of Chicago, 1922; Dean Department of World Relations, Silver Bay 
Summer School, 1922; professor International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1922—. 



Edward J. Hickox, M. A., B. P. E. ; Mathematics and Physics, Coach 
Football, Gymnastics and Athletics, . 188 Massachusetts Avenue. 

A. B., Ohio Wesleyan University, 1905; B. P. E., International Young Men's 
Christian Association College, 1914; M. A., Columbia University, 1921; depart- 
mental head physical education, Colorado College, 1914-17; A. E. F. and U. S. A. 
May 1917-October 1919; graduate student education, Columbia University, 1919- 
22; professor International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1922 — . 



William D. McRae, A. B., M. H. ; Assistant Director County Work 
Course; Field Training. 

A. B., Olivet College, 1901; M. H., International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, 1921; general secretary Lehigh University Young Men's Christian 
Association, 1901-03; assistant secretary Young Men's Christian Association, 
Holyoke, Mass., 1903-04; state county work secretary, New Jersey, 1904-11; Cali- 
fornia, 1911-21; New Hampshire, 1921-23; assistant director county work depart- 
ment for field training, International Young Men's Christian Association College, 
1923—. 



13 

Mrs. Carolyn D. Doggett, M. A.; English Literature, 

250 Alden Street. 

A. B., Oberlin College, 1890; M. A., Wellesley College, 1893; Leipsic University, 
graduate work in English, 1894-95; instructor in Greek and general history, Pike 
Seminary, Pike, N. Y., 1885-88; principal Women's Department and professor 
English Literature and English History, Washburn College, Topeka, Kan., 1893-94; 
instructor English Literature, International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1898—; instructor MacDuffie School, 1906-09. 

Mrs. Margaret M. Otto, B. A., English, 2 Gerrish Court. 

B. A., Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pa., 1918; teacher English and history, 
High School for Girls, Reading, Pa., 1918-19; instructor English, International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1919 — . 

Mrs. Carrie H. Schwenning, A. B. ; English, . 100 Dunmoreland Street. 

A. B., University of Rochester, 1913; teacher of mathematics and Latin, High 
School, Pittsford, N. Y., 1913-15; instructor preparatory English, International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1920; information secretary Young 
Women's Christian Association, Worcester, Mass., 1920-21; student Columbia Uni- 
versity summer session, 1921; instructor English, International Young Men's 
Christian Association College, 1921 — . 



Louis E. Hutto; Preparatory Physics, .... 3 Portsmouth Street. 

Seymour S. Todd; Preparatory English, ....... 250 Alden Street 

Jesse O. P. Manherz; Mathematics, 387 Eastern Avenue. 



Supervise 

H. A. Mountain ( 

Supervisor) 
M. H. Cannon 
A. J. Danielson 
J. F. Drennan 
C. A. Emmons 
H. A. Engleman 
A. J. Kaiser 
H. J. Nossek 



of Religious 



I. G. Walmer 



lucation 

R. L. Novarine 

D. H. Reid 

F. A. Robbins 

E. R. Seeders 
L. L. Stacy 
C. S. Stone 
R. A. Stout 
W. G Symonds 
H. Walker 



Object 

The International Young Men's Christian Association College 
is the oldest professional school for training officers for service 
in the Young Men's Christian Association. Its primary object is 
to train officers for the Association. It was created and has been 
carried on by representatives of this organization. Only students 
with the ideals of the Association who desire to devote their 
lives to service among boys and young men are admitted. It has 
been found that Christian young men who have the qualifications 
for success in the Young Men's Christian Association are also in 
demand for service in other organizations of a similar character. 
Christian young men desiring to fit for similar service under other 
auspices are admitted. 

The courses of study are as follows : 

I. General Course 

The general course fits all students for leadership in religious 
and social work. It aims to give the highest intellectual culture 
and a religious education in harmony with the results of modern 
science and biblical scholarship. This course embraces studies 
which underlie the work of an Association officer. Based upon 
the general course, which is taken by all students, are the techni- 
cal courses which give a training for the particular department of 
service which the student expects to enter after graduation. 

II. Technical Courses 

1. Secretarial Administration. This course prepares men for 
the various forms of secretarial administration. It trains men to 
become heads of departments and general secretaries. The four 
years' course enables the College to give extended instruction in 
business administration. This course is also adapted to prepare 
men for institutional work in churches, social settlements and 
kindred organizations. Religious work directors for Young Men's 
Christian Associations or churches will find this course of great 
value. 

2. Physical Education. This course prepares Christian young 
men for work in physical education as physical directors in the 



15 

Young Men's Christian Association, in schools and colleges and 
in similar institutions. In recent years many openings have come 
for physical directors in connection with the playground move- 
ment. Advanced work in medical gymnastics is one of the fea- 
tures of this course. 

3. County Work. The object of this course is to prepare stu- 
dents for leadership in religious, social and physical work among 
boys and young men in the country as county work secretaries or 
physical directors. This course covers four years, three years 
being taken at Springfield and one year at the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College at Amherst. 

4. Boys Work. The object of this course is to train men for 
leadership in work among boys. When the College was founded 
in 1885 there were 400 employed officers in the Young Men's 
Christian Association. There are now 719 secretaries giving 
their entire time to work among boys and a large number of men 
occupying similar positions in boys clubs, social settlements and 
kindred organizations. 

5. Industrial Course. The object of this course is to train 
leaders for religious, social and recreative work among men in 
industry. This course gives special attention to the study of 
economic and social problems and of the methods of Christian 
service among men in industrial pursuits. 

Historical Sketch 

The rapid extension of the Association movement between 
1870 and 1885, the erection of large buildings and the marked 
increase in the size of individual Associations created a demand 
for trained men as officers. Later has come the widening of the 
field for social, religious and physical education. 

It was in response to such appeals that this institution was 
founded by Rev. David Allen Reed, in Springfield, Mass., in 1885, 
under the name of the School for Christian Workers. Mr. Jacob 
T. Bowne, one of the secretaries of the International Committee, 
was called to take charge of the department for training 
Association officers. This was the pioneer attempt to train 
secretaries for the Young Men's Christian Association in a 



16 

professional school, all previous efforts having been made either 
in summer schools or training centers. Many of the leaders 
in the secretaryship throughout the world are graduates of the 
Springfield College. In 1886 the department for physical training 
was established under the direction of Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick. 
This course has prepared a large proportion of the physical 
directors now in Association work and many of the leaders in 
other forms of physical education. In 1890, as a result of a 
demand from the Associations, the Association department was 
separately incorporated as the International Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association Training School. The following year a desirable 
property, consisting of thirty acres of land bordering on Massasoit 
Lake, was purchased. After determined effort, under the leader- 
ship of Mr. Oliver C. Morse, corresponding secretary of the 
Training School, funds were secured for a model gymnasium 
building, which was completed in 1894. An athletic field was 
equipped for sports the same year. The pressing need of a 
dormitory and recitation hall was met by the erection in 1896 of 
the present attractive headquarters of the institution. In the 
spring of 1901, through the efforts of the students, the Washing- 
ton Gladden boathouse was erected. In the summer of 1904, 
through the generosity of Mrs. Eleanor S. Woods of Springfield, 
a most attractive social building, containing a dining hall, parlor 
and additional dormitory facilities, was erected and equipped at 
a cost of $20,000. Gerrish Grove, consisting of seventeen acres 
of land, was added to the campus in 1906. 

In view of the increase in the number of students and as a 
fitting recognition of the twenty-fifth anniversary, which occurred 
in 1910, an effort was undertaken by the trustees to greatly 
extend the equipment of the College and thus enable it to do 
an enlarged and more specialized work. This plan involved a 
new library building, an additional gymnasium, a new athletic 
field, a heating plant, a dormitory and a large addition to the 
endowment. Marked progress has been made in carrying out 
these plans for a larger work. Through the generosity of Mr. 
Herbert L. Pratt, the new athletic field was completed in the fall 
of 1910. The new gymnasium and the remodeling of the old 
gymnasium have provided an excellent equipment for the physical 
department. The heating and lighting plant adds much to the 



17 

comfort and efficiency of the work of the College. Mr. Herbert 
L. Pratt has further contributed to the cause of physical education 
by providing the McCurdy natatorium, which was opened for use 
in May, 1913, at a cost of $25,000. In October, 1913, the new 
library building was dedicated by Honorable William Howard 
Taft. This is a fireproof building of the most modern appoint- 
ments, erected at a cost of $80,000. In the spring of 1917, at a 
cost of $16,000, eleven acres adjoining Pratt Field were added to 
the College campus. In the fall of 1918 Woods Hall, at an ex- 
pense of $40,000, was transformed into a modern student Associa- 
tion building, furnishing an admirable center for student life and 
the work of the student Association. In 1921 twelve acres of land 
were purchased on the south shore of Massasoit Lake, adjoining 
Gerrish Grove. This provides a total of forty acres, which 
are used for instruction in camp craft. In 1922 three acres of 
land directly east of Pratt Field and fronting on Hickory Street 
were purchased at a cost of $10,000. In the summer of 1922 
contracts were let for a building to house the new medical gym- 
nastic department and the college infirmary. This building 
has been erected at a cost of $80,000. The infirmary section has 
six private rooms and a ward with six beds. There is also a 
nurse's room and a diet kitchen. Two floors of the building are 
given to corrective gymnastics and are equipped with the most 
modern apparatus for physiotherapy. These grounds and build- 
ings, with the advantages of Massasoit Lake, make an ideal equip- 
ment, while the proximity of 300,000 people within ten miles 
of the College campus affords admirable opportunity for leader- 
ship in altruistic endeavor. 

With this external development there has been an even more 
important internal educational evolution. This has resulted in a 
carefully shaped curriculum of study, covering four years for 
high school students and a graduate department for college gradu- 
ates. Another result has been the gathering of a competent 
faculty of specialists. 

Since its inception, this College has stood for the study of 
humanics. Following the ideals of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, it has' studied the nature of man from three aspects — 
body, mind and spirit. This conception furnishes a philosophy 



18 t 

for the curriculum and is a guiding principle which gives unity 
and symmetry to the work. Religious instruction is based upon 
a study of biology, psychology and sociology. 

The College, has stood for a high type of manliness in athletics. 
It has been an earnest advocate of clean sport and gentlemanliness 
on the athletic field and on the gymnasium floor. 

Religious Education and Social Service 

The International Young Men's Christian Association College 
has arisen in response to present-day needs. It has grown out of 
the changed conditions in city and rural life and the new concep- 
tion of Christian work. 

1. Religious Education. A religious education based on the 
study of human needs and the religious heritage of the race, in 
touch with modern thought and adapted to the conditions of the 
present day, is one of the important opportunities afforded by the 
College at Springfield. A religious education must have at least 
three elements — a study of the Bible, a study of the development 
of Christian thought and history, and of the social, economic, 
moral and religious needs of our time. These courses are funda- 
mental to all institutional workers whether in the secretaryship 
or the physical directorship, in social settlements or in boys clubs. 
Just as the Young Men's Christian Association has placed its 
welfare and institutional work on a religious basis, so the College 
relates its technical and social courses to religious education. 

2. Social Service. The College aims to fit all of its stu- 
dents for social service as a natural result of a religious educa- 
tion. The industrial environment of today demands Christian 
men who understand the civilization in which they live and the 
needs of men around them. Through courses in economics, 
sociology, municipal sociology, community and personal hygiene, 
ethics and methods of work among young men and boys, the 
College offers most attractive courses of study. 

These courses in social service and religious education are fun- 
damental to the various phases of work for the religious and 
social betterment of men and boys as carried on at the present day. 



19 

Degrees and Diplomas 

The College possesses a charter from the Massachusetts Legis- 
lature giving the right to grant degrees. 

The degree prescribed for the secretarial course, the county 
work course, the boys work course and the industrial course is 
Bachelor of Humanics (B.H.). This is in recognition of the stu- 
dent's having completed a thorough study of man — spiritually, 
intellectually, socially and physically. 

The degree prescribed for the physical course is Bachelor of 
Physical Education (B.P.E.), in recognition of the student's 
having completed a thorough course in physical education. 

For graduate work are given the degrees of Master of Human- 
ics (M.H.) and Master of Physical Education (M.P.E.). 

By vote of the trustees in April, 1915, it was provided that 
students entering with the college year, beginning September, 
1916, will be expected to cover four years' work for a bachelor's 
degree. 

Graduates of Springfield College are admitted to the Graduate 
School of Education at Harvard and may secure an M.Ed, in two 
years. Many graduates have secured M.A. and Ph.D. degrees 
at Clark University. A large number have also done graduate 
work for B.S. and M.A. degrees at Columbia University. 

College Graduates 

The course for college graduates covers two years. Credit 
will be given for satisfactory work done in other institutions. 

The impression has prevailed among some that a college edu- 
cation without professional training is adequate for success in the 
general secretaryship or the physical directorship. This is not 
justified by experience. 

The value of professional training for Association leaders 
has been clearly expressed by the Employed Officers of the North 
American Associations as follows : 

"It is evident that, so far as length of service is concerned, the 
men recruited through the Training Schools have a distinct advan- 
tage, and that college graduates recruited through the Training 
Schools, although as yet comparatively few, are the most perma- 
nent recruits we receive, their likelihood of permanency being 



20 

more than doubled by the Training School course. The losses 
from the ranks of both college graduates and men out of practical 
life are appalling. Only about one in four of college graduates 
and one in five men from practical life, entering without special 
professional training, prove to be permanent. " 

Graduates of the International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College serve more than twice as long in the Young Men's 
Christian Association as college graduates without this prepara- 
tion. 

Physical training offers to the college graduate the advantages 
of a comparatively new profession. The increase in the number 
of positions in Associations, preparatory schools and colleges 
during the last fifteen years has been very marked. There is also 
increasing demand for physical directors in the city schools. The 
Associations, schools and colleges are searching for men of moral 
earnestness and Christian character who have the necessary 
technical knowledge and executive ability. 

The need of technical training for physical directors is clearly 
shown by the fact that only nineteen per cent of those who enter 
through an apprenticeship succeed. Of the college graduates 
who have entered the physical directorship without technical 
preparation, twenty-three per cent have served five years or more, 
while eighty-six per cent of the graduates of the College at Spring- 
field have rendered five or more years of service in their chosen 
calling. 

Under classmen of other institutions are invited to correspond 
regarding the selection of courses of study while they are pre- 
paring to come to Springfield. 

The commission on recruiting and training of employed officers, 
meeting at Atlantic City, April, 1916, made the following report : 

"The Association Colleges are the standard agencies of prepara- 
tion for the Association vocation. Summer schools are primarily 
for continuation study and secondarily for introductory and 
preparatory study. The training centers are intended to provide 
instruction and coaching in selected local Associations for the 
preparatory and supplementary training of the local staff." 

The International Convention held at Cleveland in May, 1916, 
adopted the following resolution : 

Recommendation Nine : "The most efficient type of vocational 



21 

training as a rule is possible only in the Association College, and 
emphasis should be placed upon this training as most desirable." 

Buildings and Grounds 

The College has been provided with a property admirably 
adapted to its purpose, located on both shores of Massasoit Lake. 
The campus and athletic grounds now consist of thirty-five acres 
of land, within fifteen minutes' ride of the center of the city. In 
addition to this, on the opposite side of the lake, the College 
possesses Gerrish Grove, a tract of forty acres. 

ADMINISTRATION BUILDING 

The administration building is an attractive four-story brick 
structure, overlooking the lake. The first floor contains the lec- 
ture hall, the reception room and business offices. 

The three upper floors contain three classrooms and sleeping 
rooms for ninety students. Each floor is provided with lavatories 
and baths. In the basement there is provision for a chemical 
laboratory and storerooms. 

LIBRARY 

The library building, a fireproof structure with a modern library 
equipment, occupies the southern side of a quadrangle which is 
the center of the College campus. This building is particularly 
designed for the students of a technical school. 

Special seminar rooms are provided with twenty-four private 
desks so that theses and original studies can be followed consecu- 
tively. 

The library contains 18,633 bound volumes and some 113,000 
pamphlets and magazines bearing upon the subjects taught in the 
institution. These include a valuable historical collection of 
Young Men's Christian Association publications in nineteen lan- 
guages and dialects and covering the work of about eighty years ; a 
collection on Boy Life and Organized Work with Boys ; also 'The 
Gulick Collection of Physical Training," one of the most complete 
collections of works on this subject. The Rural Life library is an 
important and growing collection. Additions to these sections 
are being made constantly. 



22 

The reading room has on file one hundred and twenty periodi- 
cals. 

The library is supported in part by income from "The Mary R. 
Searle Memorial Fund," and from current gifts of alumni, stu- 
dents and friends; the Rural Life library by the income of the 
"William B. Warne, Jr. Memorial Fund." 

The Springfield Public Library containing upwards of 250,000 
volumes, one of the great circulating libraries of the country, 
is, by the courtesy of that institution, at the service of the students 
without expense. 

GYMNASIUMS 

The East Gymnasium 

This building, erected in 1894, the gift of Col. Charles A. Hop- 
kins, Mr. Preston B. Keith, Mr. Benjamin Thaw and Mr. Row- 
land Hazard, has been entirely remodeled in its heating, venti- 
lating, lighting, locker and bathing features. It is thoroughly 
equipped with dumb-bells, wands, Indian clubs, stall bars and 
heavy apparatus. The size of the gymnasium floor is 48 by 74 
feet. This building contains two offices on the first floor and 
three rooms on the second floor. 

The West Gymnasium 

This building, erected in 1911, is a model gymnasium. It con- 
tains in the basement rooms for boxing, wrestling, fencing, a 
locker room used for extension courses, a lecture room for class 
teaching of physical education theory and a storeroom. On the 
first floor is the gymnasium, 57 by 97 feet. On the second floor 
is a running track constructed with a visitors' gallery next the 
railing. 

McCurdy Natatorium 

Between the two gymnasiums, there was completed in the 
spring of 1913 the McCurdy natatorium, the gift of Mr. Herbert 
L. Pratt of New York City. The room is 42 by 84 feet and is 
thoroughly ventilated by plenum and exhaust systems. The 
plunge is 24 by 60 feet, with water depth of from 4 to 8 feet. 
Walls and floor of both room and plunge are finished in white 
tile and the ample skylight renders the entire room cheerful and 
healthful. 



23 



Tower 

The basement has on the north side the fan room and on the 
south side the massage, hot room, lavatory and toilet. The first 
floor contains six offices for administration purposes. On the 
second floor are located the physiological laboratory with tables 
for thirty-four men and a lecture room seating comfortably 
seventy-five men. 

WOODS HALL 

In Woods Hall the College possesses an up-to-date student 
Association building which is the center of undergraduate life and 
furnishes an excellent opportunity for normal training in adminis- 
tration and religious work. The donor of this building was Mrs. 
Eleanor S. Woods, who had observed the need of greater social 
opportunities for the students. The central feature of Woods 
Hall is a dining room, attractively equipped, which accommodates 
two hundred guests. The building contains a model kitchen with 
modern equipment. The second floor is given up to the student 
store, post office, committee offices, guest rooms, moving picture 
outfit and social parlor. 

PLAYING FIELDS 

Pratt Field 

This field, the gift in 1910 of Mr. Herbert L. Pratt, was said by 
James E. Sullivan, organizer of the Amateur Athletic Union, and 
other experts to be the best practical field in the United States. 
It contains a quarter-mile track, 220-yard straightaway twenty- 
four feet wide, eleven runways and pits for jumping and vault- 
ing, seven tennis courts, a football field and a baseball diamond. 
A reinforced concrete fence eight feet high surrounds the field. 

East and West Fields 

These fields were leveled and equipped in 1910. Each has a 
football gridiron and a baseball diamond. 

THE WASHINGTON GLADDEN BOATHOUSE 

Through the efforts of the students and the generous gift of 
Mr. Frank Beebe of Springfield a boathouse was erected in the 
fall of 1901 on the borders of Massasoit Lake. Massasoit Lake, 



24 

which is two miles in length, furnishes an admirable opportunity 
for training in aquatics. A canoe carnival, probably the finest 
held in New England, is one of the picturesque events of Com- 
mencement week. 

GERRISH GROVE 

By a gift of the late Jacob Gerrish of Springfield, the College 
is enabled to preserve to a large extent the beauty of the shores of 
Massasoit Lake. Mr. Gerrish before his death deeded to the 
College seventeen acres of land on the shores of Massasoit Lake 
opposite the College grounds. This is useful for camping and 
athletic purposes. 

LABORATORIES 

The laboratory for the study of physiological physics and 
chemistry gives special attention to the study of the mechanics 
of the body and chemistry of digestion. Considerable equipment 
has been added to this laboratory recently, thus providing for a 
larger number of students and more extended experimental work. 

The physiological laboratory, for the study of physiology of 
exercise, is equipped with ergographs, sphygmographs, sphyg- 
momanometers, pneumographs, etc. Progress has been made in 
the study of blood pressure and the effects of fatigue. 

The equipment in the biological laboratory was the gift of Mr. 
F. M. Kirby and is known as the F. M. Kirby Biological Labora- 
tory. Additional gifts from year to year have increased its 
facilities. This laboratory is supplied with microscopes for the 
study of physiological structure, and a microprojection apparatus 
which enables the entire class to do work in common. This labora- 
tory is also used for work in histology. 

SCIENCE MUSEUM 

It is the aim of the College to collect a carefully arranged 
science museum which shall have two purposes : First, to show 
human evolution, indicating the place of man in the world. Sec- 
ond, a natural history collection which will be of use in training 
workers among boys. Already a beginning has been made in 
these two collections and a sufficient amount of material has been 
secured to illustrate the subjects desired. 



25 



MEDICAL GYMNASTIC BUILDING 

The Walter Rupert Weiser Infirmary, erected and equipped 
at an expense of $80,000, is devoted to the department of medical 
gymnastics and to a College infirmary. Toward the cost of 
this building, $40,000 was given by the Hampden Hospital 
trustees. The lower floor has equipment for hydrotherapy and an 
exercise room for corrective gymnastics. The second floor and 
the roof are devoted to various forms of physiotherapy. The 
third floor is given over to a College infirmary. 

Normal Practice 

The College is located in the Connecticut Valley in one of the 
most beautiful American cities, in close touch with some of the 
leading educational institutions of the East. 

In no part of the world are there so many highly developed 
Young Men's Christian Associations as in the eastern section of 
the United States. The proximity of New York City with its 
varied work for young men, international, state and local, fur- 
nishes an opportunity to see all forms of Association activity in 
operation. The annual tours of the various classes and the 
frequent visits of Association leaders, bring the student into 
vital touch with the most aggressive phases of the Association 
movement. Association gatherings are frequently held at the 
College and opportunities occur each year for attending conven- 
tions. The churches of Springfield gladly welcome the services 
of the students in Bible teaching and in various forms of Christian 
work. The summer conferences at Northfield are within easy 
reach. 

The College carries on a more extensive religious work than 
many of our large Associations. At the present time two hun- 
dred or more students are holding office or teaching in the church 
schools, singing in choirs, actively promoting missionary interests, 
working in Young People's Societies, etc. 

Students in the county work course have unusual opportuni- 
ties for normal practice. The Hampden County Improvement 
League is a new and virile organization for rural betterment. 
This League has a program affecting the life of the entire county 
— economic, social, intellectual, religious and physical. The offi- 



26 

cers of this organization gladly furnish opportunities for students 
of the College to engage in religious betterment. These oppor- 
tunities are particularly desirable for men wishing to enter the 
county work of the Young Men's Christian Association. 

The Boy Scout movement furnishes many opportunities for 
social service. Students from the College are called on to serve 
as leaders and also to give instruction in first aid and hygiene. 
Several patrols of scouts under the direction of students meet 
in the West Gymnasium. 

The Sunday School Athletic League of Springfield, enrolling 
over 265 boys, is almost entirely under the direction of students. 

This work and much of the normal work among boys is carried 
on in the evening in the gymnasiums, so that some 350 boys 
come to the College weekly and are under the leadership of its 
students. Students also have charge of the athletic teams repre- 
senting the different grammar schools of the city. 

Athletic clubs in connection with several of the churches also 
employ students as directors. These various activities afford 
excellent opportunities for the development of executive leader- 
ship in the students thus engaged, as well as giving them practice 
in coaching and officiating. 

This work is not confined to the city of Springfield. Every 
year requests come from athletic organizations of surrounding 
cities for coaches, officials and gymnastic teachers. The normal 
work has grown very rapidly during recent years. Forty coaches 
and officials were furnished for Rugby football the past season 
and an equal number for Association football, basket ball, base- 
ball and track. 

One of the most attractive opportunities for normal practice is 
in connection with the Springfield high schools, which enrol over 
1,400 boys between the ages of fifteen and nineteen. 

The Springfield Boys Club for street boys is another oppor- 
tunity. This club is under the direction of one of the graduates 
of the College. It occupies an attractive building erected at a 
cost of $60,000 and has branches in different parts of the city. 
Students serving these clubs have opportunity to lead in athletics 
and to give physical examinations. 

The playground associations of Springfield and other cities 
employ a considerable number of students during the summer. 



27 

The curriculum offers courses to all students who wish to prepare 
for playground work. The playgrounds throughout the country 
furnish an admirable opportunity for students to get experience 
during vacations and also to earn money for their college ex- 
penses. 

The student Young Men's Christian Association at the College, 
through its various committees, carries on a large variety of 
activities — spiritual, social, intellectual and physical. This is an 
unusual organization, in many respects like a city Association. 
It is one of the few student Associations which carry on an all- 
round work. The budget last year of this Association, including 
current expenses, the dining hall, athletic games and the student 
store, amounted to $150,000. The student Association is entirely 
administered by the students of the College. There are eighteen 
departments, each one of which is in charge of a committee. 
Among the features carried on by the student Association are an 
employment bureau and a monthly magazine. All of these activi- 
ties furnish opportunity for training in executive work. The stu- 
dent Association employs a secretary who gives his whole time 
to the supervision of its work. 

The dramatic club affords opportunities for training in dramatic 
expression which is carried on under the leadership of competent 
teachers. 

The International Young Men's Christian Association College 
stands for the most thorough practical as well as theoretical train- 
ing. The opportunities for participating in the various phases of 
work for young men and boys are abundant. In the city of 
Springfield a strong Association work has been developed on the 
metropolitan basis. The organization includes a central branch, 
two railroad branches and two student Associations. 

The Central Branch is located in the heart of the city and has 
3,500 members. The work is developed symmetrically. Special 
mention should be made here of the boys department with 700 
members and the strong industrial department which is reaching 
large numbers of men. The Sunday program is one of unusual 
interest. Large meetings are held in the auditorium, which seats 
4,000 people. These meetings bring to Springfield many leaders 
in Christian thought. The new building, which was entered in 
May, 1916, was erected at a cost of $350,000. 



28 

The Springfield Railroad Branch has an attractive building 
erected at a cost of $25,000. Its work is among 1,000 railway 
men employed by the three lines which pass through the city. An 
excellent opportunity is here afforded the students to participate 
in a modern progressive railroad department. 

The West Side Railroad Branch has recently erected a new 
building at a cost of $50,000. This is attractively equipped with 
complete facilities for work among railroad men. As the build- 
ing is located near the railroad shops an excellent opportunity is 
afforded to see a community work in successful operation. 

The village Association at Mittineague, an industrial commu- 
nity where work is done for both sexes, furnishes another oppor- 
tunity for participating in social service. 

The Ludlow Institute, also in a large manufacturing town, in 
a similar way enables students to share in community service. 

The Holyoke Association has one of the finest buildings and 
gymnasiums in western Massachusetts and a well-developed 
Association work is carried on in all departments. Aggressive 
work is being conducted for the men in the mills and factories. 

The Westfield Association has an attractive building in a com- 
munity of 15,000 people, with a membership of some 300 young 
men. The regular Association features are well represented. 

These various Young Men's Christian Associations are within 
easy reach by trolley of the College campus and give to the 
students a valuable opportunity to keep in active touch with work 
for young men and boys. 

Religious Life 

The students and faculty, through prayer meetings, chapel 
exercises and the study of the Bible, strive to maintain an 
earnest religious life in the institution. The week of prayer 
for young men is observed in November. Speakers of special 
power in inspiring students are invited from time to time to visit 
the College. There is a spirit of mutual helpfulness and brother- 
liness among the young men which is a means of real religious 
training. 

The personal relations between the faculty and the students 
are most intimate. Interviews are frequent regarding the great 



29 

problems of religious experience, the transition through which 
a student passes in readjusting his religious views to the results 
of science and scholarship and regarding the personal problems 
which confront a young man who wishes to make his life count 
in Christian service. There are many opportunities for Chris- 
tian work in Springfield and a member of the faculty, Mr. 
Rudman, gives a large part of his time to supervising the religious 
work of the students and training them for teaching and leader- 
ship. 

Department of International Service 

The Department of International Service of the International 
Young Men's Christian Association College has been established 
with three objects in view: (1) To offer certain new courses in 
national and international problems and missions. (2) To pro- 
mote the interest of the foreign work of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association by extending intelligence of this world service 
among the student body and by laying a foundation for the prepa- 
ration of men who hope to serve abroad. (3) To look after the 
interests of the Nationals from abroad who are studying at the 
College. 

The work of this Department is under the charge of a com- 
mittee which has as its chairman Rev. James Gordon Gilkey of the 
South Congregational Church, Springfield. Other members of 
the committee are: Miss Mary M. Atwater, Mr. C. B. Potter, 
Mr. George E. Robinson and Mr. Blake A. Hoover of Springfield, 
Rev. Robert R. Wicks of Holyoke, Dr. G. Sherwood Eddy, Mr. 
John E. Manley and Mr. J. A. Urice of New York, Mr. Henry H. 
Collins, Jr. of Philadelphia, Mr. G. E. Hubert of Hartford and 
Professor Frank M. Mohler, Director. 

Scholarships 

The Committee on International Service offers a limited number 
of scholarships which are available for Christian students from 
abroad. Each scholarship covers the tuition and a portion of 
the room-rent and is valued at two hundred thirty-five dollars in 
United States currency. 

The experience of several years on the part of Associations 
abroad reveals the fact that it is detrimental in most cases to send 



30 

men to this country who have not already had experience in the 
work of the Association. It is also stated with a great degree of 
certainty that results have been generally unsatisfactory if the 
student remains away from home too long. Another important 
factor is that other countries are developing efficient agencies 
for training their own nationals. Therefore, in most cases, the 
secretary who proceeds to America should come with a very defi- 
nite and special purpose in mind and stay a comparatively short 
time, usually one or two years, depending upon his previous prepa- 
ration. In awarding these scholarships preference is given to 
men who have had considerable experience in Association work, 
suitably qualified in English and with advanced academic credit. 

The following are the conditions under which scholarships are 
awarded : 

1. Candidates should be recommended by the National Com- 
mittee of the Young Men's Christian Association of the country 
from which they come. In the case of candidates from missionary 
agencies or from government institutions, the recommendation 
of the supporting agency is essential and the approval of the 
National Committee of the Young Men's Christian Association is 
expected. 

2. Candidates should read and speak English readily. 

3. The approval of the Committee on International Service is 

necessary. 

4. The scholarship is awarded on the understanding that the 
holder returns to his homeland to serve. 

5. In case of a candidate for the physical course, it will 
be necessary to pass a satisfactory physical examination. This 
should be done before coming to the United States and should 
be reported on blanks which are available on application. 

Additional information of interest to students from abroad 
may be obtained from the general secretary of the National Com- 
mittee of the Young Men's Christian Association in countries 
where the Association has a national organization or may be had 
on application to Professor Frank M. Mohler, Director Depart- 
ment of International Service, International Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association College, Springfield, Mass. 



31 



SECRETARIAL COURSE 

Freshman 





Hours 
per 


No. 
of 


Semester 






Week 


Terms 


Hours 


Page 




3 


3 


6 


49 


Biology 


4 


3 


6 


47 




4 


1 


3 


45 


Teacher Training 


4 


1 




44 


Association History and Literature . 


3 


1 


2 


45 


Physiology and Hygiene 


3 


3 


6 


53 


Accounting 


2 


3 


4 


60 


Camp Craft 


1 


1 


1 


60 




1 


1 


1 


49 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


6 


91 


Sophomore 








Biblical Literature 


3 


3 


6 


42 


Experimental Psychology 


3 


3 


6 


48 


Genetic Psychology 


2 


3 


4 


48 


English Literature 


3 


3 


6 


53 




3 


1 


2V2 


54 




3 


1 


2 


57 


Social Ethics 


3 


1 


2 


54 


The Expansion of Europe in Asia . 


3 


1 




57 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


6 


91 


Junior 










History and Philosophy of Religion . 


3 




2 


45 


History of Christianity 


3 




2 


45 


Contemporary Civilization 


3 




4 


57 




3 






57 


Social Psychology Seminar .... 


2 






57 




3 




6 


59 




3 




2 


56 




2 




1 


49 


Economic History of Modern Europe . 


3 




2 


75 


Industrial History of the United States 


3 




2 


75 


The Modern Expansion of Christianity 


3 




2 


58 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


3 


4 


91 



32 



Senior 





Hours 


No. 












Semester 






Week 


Terms 


Hours 


Page 




3 


1 


2 


44 


Principles of Religious Education . 


3 


1 


2 


44 


Methods of Religious Education . . . 


3 


1 


2 


44 




3 




4 


56 




3 


\ 


2 


54 


History of Philosophy Seminar . 


2 


1 




54 


Association Administration .... 


3 




4 


51 


1 1 _r T") TT7 1_ 


3 


1 


2 


53 




3 




2 


75 


Physical Education Practice .... 


z 


6 


4 


91 


Electives 










Field Science 


4 


1 


2 


48 




4 


1 




87 


Mathematics 


3 


1 


2% 


81 




4 


3 


6 


47 




4 


1 


2 


84 


Rural Sociology 


3 


1 


2 


66 




3 


1 


2H 


65 


World Classics 


3 


2 


4 


59 


Public Hygiene 


4 


1 


2y 2 


84 


Building and School Hygiene . 


4 


1 




84 


Far East 


3 


1 


2 


58 




3 


1 


2 


58 




2 


2 


2y 2 


82 


Biblical Literature Seminar .... 


1 


3 


2 


43 


Principles of Boys Work 


3 


1 


2 


70 


Association Industrial Work .... 


3 


1 


2 


76 




3 


3 


6 




Personnel Administration . . . . . 


3 


1 


2 


75 




3 


3 


6 


49 




3 


3 


6 


49 



1 



33 



COUNTY WORK COURSE 



Freshman 





Hours 


No. 








per 


of 


Semester 






Week 


Terms 


Hours 


Page 




3 


3 


6 


49 


Biology 


4 


3 


6 


47 




4 


3 


2 


48 




4 


1 


3 


45 


Teacher Training 


4 


1 




44 


Association History and Literature 


3 


1 


2 


45 




3 


3 


6 


53 




2 


3 


4 


60 




4 


1 




87 




1 


1 


1 


60 




1 


1 


1 


49 








1 


90 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


6 


91 


Sophomore 








Biblical Literature 


3 


3 


6 


42 




3 


3 


6 


48 


Genetic Psychology 


2 


3 


4 


48 




3 


3 


6 


53 


Rural Economics 


3 


1 




65 


Sociology 


3 


1 


2 


57 


Rural Sociology 


3 


1 


2 


66 


Public Speaking 


2 


1 


1 


49 








1 


90 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


6 


91 


Junior 










(Massachusetts Agricultural Colleg 


; Fall and Winter Terms) 




Agronomy 


5 










3 










3 










5 










5 








Marketing — Cooperation and Credit . 


5 






67 


Civic Improvement in Rural Life . . 


5 






67 


Rural Education 


5 






67 


Rural Sanitary Science 


5 






68 


Rural Organization 


3 






67 




3 






68 








1 


90 



Field Practice Spring Term 

Subject to change to meet individual case 



34 
Senior 





Hours 


No. 
of 


Semester 






Week 


Terms 


Hours 


Page 


Psychology of Religion 


3 


1 


2 


44 


Principles of Religious Education . 


3 


1 


2 


44 


County Work History and Methods . 


3 


3 


6 


64 




3 


1 


2 


56 


History and Philosophy of Religion 


3 


1 


2 


45 


History of Christianity 


3 


1 


2 


45 


History of Philosophy . 


3 


1 


2 


54 


History of Philosophy Seminar . 


2 


1 




54 


Socip.l Psychology 


3 


1 


2 


57 


Social Psychology Seminar .... 


2 


1 




57 








1 


90 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


3 


4 


91 


Electives 












3 


2 


4 


56 


Economic History of Modern Europe . 


3 


1 


2 


75 


Industrial History of the United States 


3 


1 


2 


75 




3 


1 


2 


75 


Public Hygiene 


4 


1 


2V* 


84 


Building and School Hygiene . . . 


4 


1 




84 


The Expansion of Europe in Asia . 


3 


1 




57 




3 


1 


2 


58 


Latin America 


3 


1 


2 


58 


The Modern Expansion of Christianity 


3 




2 


58 


Contemporary Civilization .... 


3 


2 


4 


57 


Biblical Literature Seminar .... 


1 


3 


2 


43 




3 


1 


2 


75 




3 


3 


6 


49 


Reading Course 


3 


3 


6 


49 



35 



BOYS WORK COURSE 



Freshman 





Hours 


No. 


Semester 






Week 


Terms 


Hours 


Page 




3 


3 


6 


49 




4 


3 


6 


47 


Field Science 


4 


i 
i 


Z 


*+o 




4 


I 


-5 
O 


HO 




4 


I 


Z/2 


A A 


Association History and Literature . 


3 


i 
i 


Z 




Physiology and Hygiene 


3 


3 


o 


JO 


Accounting 


2 


3 


4 


ou 




4 


i 
i 


9i/ 


Q7 
0/ 




1 


I 


1 
1 


ou 




1 


1 


1 


49 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


6 


91 


Sophomore 










3 


3 


o 


00 


Experimental Psychology 


3 







4o 




2 


3 




4o 




3 


i 
i 


91/ 


04 




3 


i 
i 


z 


0/ 




3 


i 
i 


z 


C/l 

o4 


The Expansion of Europe in Asia . 


3 




91/ 
£/2 


c;7 

0/ 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


•5 

o 





01 


Junior 










History and Philosophy of Religion . 


3 




2 


45 


History of Christianity 


3 




2 


45 


Contemporary Civilization .... 


3 




4 


57 




3 






57 


Social Psychology Seminar .... 


2 




IV2 


57 


Business Administration 


3 




6 


59 


Anthropology 


3 




2 


56 


Public Speaking 


2 




1 


49 


Economic History of Modern Europe . 


3 




2 


75 


Industrial History of the United States 


3 




2 


75 


The Modern Expansion of Christianity 


3 




2 


58 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


3 


4 


91 



36 
Senior 





Hours 


No. 












Semester 






Week 


Terms 


Hours 


Page 




3 


1 


2 


44 


Principles of Religious Education . 


3 


1 


2 


44 


Methods of Religious Education . . . 


3 


1 


2 


44 




3 


2 


4 


56 




3 


1 


2 


54 


History of Philosophy Seminar . 


2 


1 




54 




3 


1 


2 


70 


Methods of Boys Work 


3 


1 


2 


71 


Association Administration .... 


3 


2 


4 


51 




3 


1 


2 


75 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


3 


4 


91 


Electives 












3 


1 


2^ 


81 


Biology 


4 


3 


6 


47 




3 


1 


2V* 


65 


Rural Sociology 


3 


1 


2 


66 




3 


2 


4 


59 


Far East 


3 


1 


2 


58 




3 


1 


2 


58 


Modern Authors 


2 


2 


2^ 


82 




4 


1 


2 


84 


Building and School Hygiene . . . 


4 


1 


2% 


84 


Public Hygiene 


4 


1 




84 


Biblical Literature Seminar .... 


1 


3 


2 


43 


Association Industrial Work .... 


3 


1 


2 


76 




3 


3 


6 




Personnel Administration .... 


3 


1 


2 


75 


Thesis 


3 


' 3 


6 


49 




3 


3 


6 


49 



37 



INDUSTRIAL COURSE 



Freshman 





Hours 
per 


No. 
of 


Semester 






Week 


Terms 


Hours 


Page 


English 


3 


3 


6 


49 


Biology 


4 


3 


6 


47 


Field Science 


4 


1 


2 


48 




4 


1 


3 


45 


Teacher Training 


4 


1 


2/ 


44 


Association History and Literature . 


3 


1 


2 


45 




4 


1 


2/2 


87 




3 


1 


2/ 


81 


Accounting 


2 




4 


60 


Camp Craft 


1 


1 


1 


60 


Library Methods 


1 


1 


1 


49 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


6 


91 


Sophomore 








Biblical Literature 


3 


3 


6 


42 




3 


3 


6 


48 




3 


3 


6 


53 




3 


1 


2 


57 




4 


1 


2 


84 


The Expansion of Europe in Asia . 


3 


1 


2/2 


57 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


6 


91 




3 


1 


2/2 


54 


Junior 










Contemporary Civilization .... 


3 


2 


4 


57 




5 


1 


4 


57 




3 


3 


6 


59 


Anthropology 


3 


1 


2 


56 


Economic History of Modern Europe . 


3 


1 


2 


75 


Industrial History of the United States 


3 


1 


2 


75 




4 


1 


2/2 


84 


The Modern Expansion of Christianity 


3 


1 


2 


58 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


3 


4 


91 


Senior 










Association Industrial Work .... 


3 


1 


2 


76 


Association Administration .... 


3 


2 


4 


51 




3 


1 


2 


44 


Personnel Administration .... 


3 


1 


2 


75 


Principles of Religious Education . 


3 


1 


2 


44 




3 


2 


4 


56 


Latin America 


3 


1 


2 


58 


Labor Problems 


3 


1 


2 


75 


Thesis or Reading Course .... 


3 


3 


6 


49 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


3 


4 


91 



38 



Electives 





Hours 


No. 


Semester 






Week 


Terms 


Hours 


Page 




4 


3 


6 


47 




3 


3 


6 


53 


Rural Sociology 


3 


1 


2 


66 


Rural Economics 


3 


1 


2/2 


65 




3 


2 


4 


59 




2 


3 


4 


48 


Building and School Hygiene 


4 


1 




84 


Social Ethics 


3 


1 


2 


54 


Far East 


3 


1 


2 


58 




3 


1 


2 




Modern Authors 


2 


2 


2/ 


82 




3 


1 


2 


58 


Biblical Literature Seminar . 


1 


3 


2 


43 


Social Psychology Seminar 


2 


1 


1/ 


57 




3 


1 


2 


70 


Methods of Boys Work .... 


3 


1 


2 


53 


Methods of Religious Education 


3 


1 


2 


44 




3 


3 


6 






3 


1 


2 


54 


History of Philosophy Seminar . . 


2 


1 


1/2 


54 



39 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION COURSE 

Freshman 

Hours No. 

per of Semester 

Week Terms Hours Page 





3 


3 


6 


49 




4 


3 


6 


47 


M3.thcm3.tlcs • • • 


3 


1 


2y 2 


81 


Physics 


4 


2 


4 


81 


Pl3y Orgsnizstion 


4 




2^4 


87 




4 


I 


3 


45 


Te3cher Trsining 


4 


I 


zy 2 


44 


Associstion History 3nd Liter3ture 


3 


I 


2 


45 


Libr3ry J^ethods 


1 




1 


49 


Technique of Tesching Physicsl Educs- 












1 


3 


2 


91 


Physicsl Kducstion Prsctice .... 


4 


3 


8 


91 


Sophomore 












4 


2 


6 


80 


Personsl Hygiene 


4 


1 


2 


84 




4 


3 


8 


82 


Experiment3l Psychology 


3 


3 


6 


48 


Genetic Psychology 


2 


3 


4 


48 


Biblic3l Litersture 


3 


3 


6 


42 


Prsctice in Tesching Religious Educs- 












1 


3 


1 


44 


Technique of Tesching Co3ching 3nd 










Officistin 0- 


1 


3 


2 


91 


Prsctice in Tesching snd Cosching 


1 


3 




91 


Physicsl Educstion Prsctice .... 


4 


3 


8 


91 


Junior 












5 


3 


10 


82 


Building snd School Hygiene 


4 






84 




4 




2/2 


84 




4 




3 


85 


History snd Philosophy of Religion . 


3 




2 


45 


History of Christisnity 


3 




2 


45 


Prsctice in Tesching Religious Educs- 












1 


3 


1 


44 


Technique of Tesching snd Cosching . 


1 


3 


2 


91 


Prsctice in Tesching Physicsl Educs- 












1 


3 


1 


91 


Physicsl Educstion Prsctice .... 


3 


3 


6 


91 



40 



Senior 





Hours 


No. 


Semester 






Week 


Terms 


Hours 


Page 


Diagnosis and Prescription .... 


4 


1 


3 


86 


Physiology of Exercise 


4 


1 


3 


83 




7 


1 


3H 


87 


Psychology of Religion 


3 


1 


2 


44 


Principles of Religious Education . 


3 


1 


2 


44 


Methods of Religious Education 


3 




2 


44 


Technique of Teaching Coaching and 












1 


3 


2 


91 


Practice in Teaching Physical Educa- 












1 


3 


1 


91 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


6 


91 



No. 
of 
Terms 



Electives 

(Additional electives above the required eleven are allowed provided 
the elective does not interfere with a required subject and provided three- 
fourths of the scholastic work for the preceding term is above 80. These 
electives may be taken during any of the four years.) 

Hours 
Week 

Camp Craft 1 

Field Science 4 

Municipal Sociology 3 

Rural Economics 3 

Sociology 3 

Rural Sociology 3 

Social Ethics 3 

Anthropology 3 

Contemporary Civilization .... 4 

Social Psychology 5 

History and Principles of Education . 3 

The Expansion of Europe in Asia . . 3 

Far East 3 

Latin America 3 

The Modern Expansion of Christianity 3 

Economics 3 

History of Philosophy 3 

Industrial History of the United States 3 

Rural Administration 3 

Modern Authors . 2 

Massage 4 

Corrective Gymnastics 3 

Thesis 3 



Semester 
Hours 

1 

2 

2% 

2% 

2 

2 

2 

2 

6 

4 

2 

2% 

2 

2 

2 

4 

2 

2 

6 

3 

6 



Page 

60 
48 
54 
65 
57 
66 
54 
56 
57 
57 
89 
57 
58 
58 
58 
56 
54 
75 

82 
90 
86 
49 



41 



CURRICULUM OF ACTIVITIES 

I. Instruction in Religion and Morals 

1. With Groups. 

(1) Teaching Bible classes. 

(2) Shop talks and addresses. 

(3) Preaching. 

(4) Deputations. 

2. With Individuals — Direct personal contact and comradeship with mem- 
bers of above groups. 

(1) Visiting boys' homes. 

(2) Hikes and camps. 

(3) Personal interviews leading to decisions for Christian living. 

II. Executive 

1. Student Association officers, managers of teams, chairmen of com- 
mittees, senate. 

2. Boys' clubs, scouts, social centers, Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tions. 

3. Student instructors. 

4. Student publications — Student, Massasoit, Handbook. 

III. Physical 

1. Instruction in 

(1) Athletics. 

(2) Games. 

(3) Aquatics. 

(4) Gymnastics. 

2. Student instructors. 

3. Membership in varsity teams. 

4. Officiating. 

IV. Educational 

1. Student instructors. 

2. English to foreigners. 

3. Teaching in night schools and business colleges. 

V. Social 

1. Musical. 

(1) Church choirs and orchestras. 

(2) Glee club and quartet. 

(3) Musical clubs. 

2. Dramatic — plays. 

3. Literary — literary societies, intersociety debates, reporting for daily 
papers, student publications. 

Normal practice, supervised and graded, required of all students — 
240 hours. 



The Curriculum 



Since the beginning of September, 1916, the College has offered four 
years work for students desiring to secure a degree and three years for 
students who are candidates for a diploma. The preceding diagrams out- 
line the various courses offered. 

The Springfield College offers a general course which fits all students for 
leadership in religious and social work. This course embraces studies 
which give intellectual development and underlie the work of an Asso- 
ciation officer. Based upon the general course are five technical courses 
which give a knowledge and training for the particular department of 
work which the student expects to enter. 

General Course 

The General Course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, 
embraces the studies which are common to all students at the College. It 
seeks to study the modern humanities — biology, psychology and sociology, 
as a preparation for religious thinking and for a student's technical train- 
ing. It aims to give liberal culture through a study of English, literature 
and history. It also aims to give a religious education and a training in 
religious work to students in all departments. 

1. Biblical History and Literature 

(1) The Historical and Literary Development of the Christian Religion. 
Dr. Hawley, Sophomore year, three hours per week, 6 semester hours. 

A thorough knowledge of the Scriptures is an essential for Christian 
leadership. This is fundamental in preparation for any position in the 
Association. This course is divided as follows: 

(a) The Old Testament. The most vital portions of the Old Testa- 
ment are read under the direction of the professor. The religion of the 
prophets is studied with a view to finding the historical background for 
the religion of the New Testament. Much attention is given to the fact 
that religion cannot be separated from history. Library topical work and 
practice in handling the original sources (in translation) is required for 
all work in the department. 

(b) Life and Teaching of Jesus. The Gospels receive an exhaustive 
study to determine the teaching of Jesus in its historical setting and its 
implications to our present-day problems. The influence of Jesus in the 
progress of civilization receives special attention. The lives and activities 
of prominent Christian leaders are brought to the attention of the students. 



43 

(c) The Expansion and Development of the Christian Religion. A 
careful study of the "Acts of the Apostles" and the Epistles of the New 
Testament is made to show the development of the new movement among 
the peoples of the surrounding nations. Special attention is given to the 
missionary motive and appeal which existed in the early days of the 
church. 

(d) Term theses are required of every student and personal confer- 
ences are conducted by the professor with the students relative to these 
theses. Training is given in historical and religious interpretation. 

(2) Biblical Seminar. This seminar is open to a limited number of 
men of high standing after personal application to the professor. This 
seminar runs through the year and gives a thorough training in the in- 
terpretation of the literature of the Bible. Methods of presenting Bible 
study to young men and to Association groups are given special atten- 
tion. Opportunity is given in the practice of formulating courses of 
Bible study. The seminar meets once each week in two consecutive periods. 
Different subjects will be treated from year to year, thus affording stu- 
dents who qualify an opportunity to take the seminar two successive 
years. 

(3) Biblical Seminar. A. Subject for 1923-24: The Home-Land of 
the Bible. Professor Hawley will describe the findings of his travels in 
Egypt, Syria and Palestine with special attention to the historical geogra- 
phy of the regions where the characters described in the Bible lived and 
worked. The prophets will be studied in relation to contemporary events 
and records. The major part of the time, however, will be devoted to 
the presentation of the Life of Jesus as actually lived in His Galilean 
environment. The parables of the New Testament take on a new and 
added meaning when studied in their Palestinian setting. Practice will 
be given to teaching this new and fascinating method of Biblical study to 
Bible school classes. 

(4) The Religion of the Prophets. B. The literary and non-literary 
prophets will be thoroughly studied as to (a) message; (b) personal 
biography; (c) contribution to religion. The importance of the prophets 
cannot be overlooked either from a literary point of view or from the 
fact that they laid the foundation for all further religious development. 
Much attention is given to the fact that the message of the prophets must 
be viewed in relation to contemporary events. Reports and term papers 
are required of each student. (This course alternates with course A.) 

(5) The Bible and the Koran. In case there is a justifiable demand, 
Dr. Hawley will give a course preparing men for work among Moslems. 
The history of the Koran and the Life of Mohammed will be studied. 
Selected passages of the Koran will be examined to determine (a) reli- 
gious teaching of Islam; (b) the ethical system of the Koran compared 
with that of the Sermon on the Mount; (c) missionary appeal of Islam 
compared with that of Christianity. This course will be illustrated with 
views taken by Dr. Hawley during his travels in Moslem lands. 



44 

2. Religious Education 

(1) Psychology of Religion. Dr. Dawson, Senior year, fall term, three 
hours per week, 2 semester hours. This course consists of studies of the 
factors of the religious consciousness ; the genesis of ideas relating to the 
supernatural, the survival of death, righteousness and sin and personal ad- 
justment through Christ; and the instincts and feelings that motivate 
religion. Particular stress is laid upon the adolescent period of religious 
life, normal and pathological modes of religious self-expression and the 
laws underlying religious development. 

(2) Principles of Religious Education. Dr. Dawson, Senior year, winter 
term, three hours per week, 2 semester hours. This course follows the 
preceding and completes the Senior year's work in religious psychology and 
education. It consists of studies of aims, material and methods of education 
in the light of racial and individual development and is intended to supply 
a body of principles to guide the student in his personal living and in his 
professional work. 

(3) Methods of Religious Education. Professor Rudman, Senior year, 
spring term, three hours per week, 2 semester hours. The work of this 
term is the application of the theory given in the first two terms. 

(a) The class discusses the problems to be faced in undertaking a new 
piece of work. Methods are determined partly by conditions, precedents, 
associates, etc. 

(b) The history, principles and objectives of great religious movements 
offer a first-class opportunity for the study of methods. Leaders of these 
movements meet the class during the latter part of the term. 

(c) Many students have problems which ought to be discussed in class 
for the benefit of all. Such discussions are a part of the course. 

(4) Teacher Training. Professor Rudman, Freshman year, winter term, 
four hours per week, 2y 2 semester hours. 

(a) The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with the funda- 
mental laws of teaching, the principles of organization and administration 
and with other carefully selected material so that he may be efficient in his 
work in the clubs and churches. 

The Massachusetts Sunday School Association issues a certificate, cover- 
ing one year of work in the standard three-year normal course, to every 
student completing this course with a satisfactory grade. 

Text-books: Weigle's "The Pupil and Teacher," Ahearn's "Organization 
and Administration of the Church School." 

(b) Practice Teaching. Supervised by tutors. Freshman year. 

The aim of this course, which is a part of 4 (a), is to develop technique in 
teaching. The class is divided into small groups, led by experienced tutors. 
Lesson outlines are prepared weekly by the students and graded by the 
tutors. Each pupil presents at least four lessons before his group. 



45 

3. Personal Ethics 

Professor Rudman, Freshman year, fall term, four hours per week, 3 
semester hours. The object of this course is to start the student on a 
thoroughgoing investigation of his own philosophy of life and help him 
to ground his own ideals of personal conduct. The ideals of the Col- 
lege call for nothing short of the best in personal character and pro- 
fessional efficiency if its men would measure up to the challenge of the 
world-wide field in ministering to the needs of men and boys. Often a 
young man's religion is traditional and second-hand rather than the result 
of personal thinking and vital experience. In the midst of the present-day 
conflict of standards and creeds it is very essential to have the fortifying 
conviction that vital religion is a life to be lived rather than a creed to be 
believed and that we may confidently face the mental conflict of standards 
due to advancing scientific knowledge if we hold fast in unswerving loyalty 
to the personal standards of individual character as exemplified in Jesus. 

The method of instruction includes the use of text-books, classroom 
discussion, selected lectures and considerable collateral reading. 

Text-book; "Problems of Conduct," Drake. 

Required Reading: "Fight for Character," King; "Not in the Curricu- 
lum"; "What Men Live By," Cabot; "The Dynamic of Manhood," Gulick; 
"Some Christian Convictions," Coffin and a number of other books. 

4. History and Philosophy of Religion; History of Christianity 

Professor Burr, Junior year, fall and winter terms, three hours per 
week, 4 semester hours. 

The aim of this course is to give the student a comprehensive view of the 
nature and development of religion, but with special emphasis on the history 
of Christianity and Christian civilization. 

A study is made of 

(1) The beginnings of religion and its influence on human life and 
history. 

(2) Political, social and cultural forces influencing the development of 
Christianity. 

(3) Comparison of Christianity with other world religions. 

(4) The historic development of Christianity. 

(5) Characteristic features of modern Christian thought and activity. 

5. Association History and Literature 

Dr. Doggett, Freshman year, winter term, three hours per week, 2 
semester hours. The aim of this course is to acquaint all students with 
the history and development of Christian work among young men. A 
study is made of the early efforts in the Protestant Church, both in 
England and the United States, on the part of Christian young men to 
associate themselves together for religious work. Careful attention is 
given to the forces in the church and the conditions of social life which 



46 

made such a movement necessary. The Association is studied, not as 
a local or national, but as a world-wide endeavor. In the first period, 1844 
to 1855, special attention is given to the London work and its formative 
influence. In the second period, 1855 to 1878, recognition of the leader- 
ship of the American work requires especial attention to the movement on 
this continent. In the third period, 1878 to the present time, more atten- 
tion is given to the spread of the movement throughout the world. Mod- 
ern Association history, to which a large part of the course is devoted, 
is presented in lecture form and by topics. Leaders of the present-day 
movement are frequently invited to speak on different phases. This course 
studies the development of the Association, its organization and policy, 
its literature and the fixed principles which govern its operation and its 
relation to the church. 

Students are expected to read and review the more important works 
which the leaders of the Young Men's Christian Association have pro- 
duced. 

Text-books: "A History of the Young Men's Christian Association," 
Vols. I, II, L. L. Doggett, and "The Life of Robert R. McBurney," same 
author; "History of the Young Men's Christian Association" and "My 
Life with Young Men," Richard C. Morse. 

6. Normal Work in Religious Education 

Professor Rudman, director. The College offers what might be called a 
laboratory for religious work. In all branches of science the labora- 
tory is the place for trying out theories and demonstrating facts. This 
might be sufficient reason for undertaking supervised normal practice, 
but it is not the only reason. Every Christian man must reproduce him- 
self in others if he is to grow. To learn means to do, and opportunity 
must be afforded for those religious activities which will produce the best 
results in student character. 

Every student is expected to make a place for himself in the life of 
some group. Many local organizations afford such an opportunity — the 
Sunday schools, Young People's Societies, Springfield Boys' Club, Young 
Men's Christian Associations, missions, men's clubs, factories, etc. The ever 
increasing number of immigrant young men affords a chance to teach Eng- 
lish and thus render a helpful service. The members of the faculty bear an 
advisory relation to this work and assist the student in every way possible. 

As an illustration, at present more than a hundred and thirty men are 
serving in church schools as superintendents or as other officers and teachers. 
Between thirty and forty are scoutmasters or assistant scoutmasters. A 
few men sing in church choirs, while a large number are directly con- 
nected in a helpful way with Young People's Societies and men's brother- 
hoods. Six are employed by churches as directors of activities — social and 
educational, and others by the Central and Railroad Young Men's Christian 
Associations and the Springfield Boys' Club and its branches. In coopera- 
tion with the religious and foreign work departments of the student 



47 

Association many activities are promoted, especially those of the week-end 
deputation teams which visit near-by towns for two or three days, pre- 
senting a social, athletic and religious program which appeals strongly to 
old and young alike. A particular effort is made to reach the boy. If the 
team' represents the foreign work department, the emphasis is placed on 
the need for and the value of missionary activity. In addition, members 
of this department frequently address local church groups. 

The religious normal work is divided into two classes. Under "Reli- 
gious A" is classed all actual teaching of a religious nature, such as Sun- 
day school classes, week-day Bible study classes, etc. Under "Religious 
B" are classed those meetings with groups or individuals where so-called 
religious material is not taught formally, but where the time is spent 
in an endeavor to contribute something to the character of the individual 
or individuals. 

Credit is given for the religious normal work on the basis of one point 
for two hours' work. One period as a teacher in a class in religious edu- 
cation, which requires preparation, counts as one point. Two periods in 
normal work, which do not require preparation, count as one point. 

For graduation every student must earn 40 points in "Religious A." In 
addition, men in the secretarial course must earn 40 points under "Religious 
B." These credits must be secured during the first three years at College. 

The director, with the help of carefully chosen student assistants, super- 
vises this work. The assistants are chosen because of character, ability, 
leadership and Christian experience. They have oversight of the students 
at work in the churches, clubs, factories, etc. Frequent meetings of this 
group are held when the work is reviewed and necessary action taken. 
The assistants, called supervisors, cultivate friendly relations between the 
College and the churches and other organizations. Each supervisor is 
assigned to not more than ten students. 

Grades are determined by the supervisor in consultation with the pastors 
and superintendents of church schools or with the officials of other organi- 
zations. Ability, spirit, courtesy, appearance, relationship, etc., are con- 
sidered in determining this grade. The grades are Excellent, Good, Fair, 
Unsatisfactory. 

Points are given on a basis of time and grade. Of two students credited 
with an equal amount of time but different grades, the one with the higher 
grade secures the greater number of points. The grade of Unsatisfactory 
is failure. 

7. Biology 

Professor Kirkham, Freshman year, four hours per week, 6 semester 
hours. Laboratory fee, $4.00, physical course, $6.00. 

The aim of this course is to give an understanding of the fundamental 
biological principles. Through study of structure and function in a series of 
plants on the one hand and of protozoa, invertebrate and vertebrate animals 
on the other, the various principles are made clear. Emphasis is placed upon 



48 

the relation of these fundamentals to a comprehensive knowledge of man's 
anatomy and physiology and of his place in nature. Comparative anatomy, 
embryology, genetics and organic evolution receive due attention. 

8. Field Science 

Professor Kirkham, Freshman year, four hours per week 2 semester 
hours. 

Purpose: To familiarize students with their natural environment that 
they may interest, instruct and guide boys and young men. 

Method: (a) Lectures, with demonstrations and reference readings upon 
the various phases of natural history. 

(b) Field laboratory and notebook exercises calculated to test and de- 
velop ability of students in applying lecture material and in discovering 
new facts and principles for themselves. 

9. Psychology 

(1) Genetic Psychology. Dr. Seerley, Sophomore year, three terms, two 
hours per week, 4 semester hours. This course is designed to be a study 
of the psychology of development, observing in one's own life and in others 
the various stages through which all pass and their great importance. The 
evolution of the human soul in its complex environment furnishes examples 
of a serious nature when accurately observed and understood. The student 
is fitting himself to read character, understand cause and effect, supply the 
material for a better adjustment and correct personal deformities. The 
human instincts, their treatment in development and the possible results 
furnish material. Psycho-analysis is the final goal and psychotherapy the 
method. The plan is not to make experts in this field, but to make intelligent 
Christian workmen among boys and men. 

(2) Experimental Psychology. Dr. Dawson, Sophomore year, three 
terms, three hours per week, 6 semester hours. The aim of this course 
is at once technical and cultural. In its technical aspect, it starts with 
the student's interest in himself and other people, as problems of normal 
or abnormal mentality, educational and vocational adjustment or maladjust- 
ment, and the like; and sets him to work, under the stimulus and guidance 
of requisite facts and principles, to observe, experiment with and interpret 
the psychological phenomena nearest to him. In this aspect of the course, 
the general viewpoint is genetic, the material is biopsychological and the 
method is experimental. In its cultural aspect, the course is designed to 
reveal the essential psychological forces in the student's own life and the 
lives of his fellows and to help him control these forces and utilize them 
in harmony with the best cultural ideals and activities of civilization. In 
this aspect of the course, the viewpoint is philosophical, the material is 
ethical and the method is practical. 



49 



10. English 

Freshman year, three hours per week, 6 semester hours. 
1. Composition and Rhetoric. Professor Hyde, Mrs. Otto and Mrs. 
Schwenning. 

(1) Weekly essays throughout the year. Textbook of Rhetoric, College 
grade; studies in modern literature with view to composition, debating 
and speaking. 

(2) Drama. An elective course in acting and practical staging of 
plays. 

(3) Literary and Debating Societies. The Lee, McKinley, International, 
Philomathean and Weidensall societies furnish ample opportunity for all 
students who desire to secure training in debate and parliamentary prac- 
tice. Members of the faculty act as critics and advisers. Intersociety 
debates are held each year and from time to time intercollegiate debates 
with representatives of neighboring colleges. 

(4) Public Reading and Expression. Professor Burr. Elective courses 
in public reading and expression are conducted three times weekly through 
the year. The object of this course is to fit students to use the voice in 
expression and also to read effectively before an audience. 

(5) Comparative Literature. Mrs. Doggett. Advanced studies in lit- 
erary appreciation — the short story, Robert Browning and the classics. 

11. Music 

Professor Hyde. 

The Springfield musical clubs, organized as a part of the student Asso- 
ciation, handle such musical organizations as the College may be able 
from time to time to form. The permanent feature is the glee club. This 
consists of about sixteen men. The club is open to those with a good musi- 
cal sense, ability to read and a voice. 

Vocal quartets, quartet brass instruments and mandolin and guitar clubs 
are formed when talent for these activities is present. 



12. Use of the Libraries 

Miss G. E. Carr, Freshman year, fall term, one hour per week, 
1 semester hour. The object is to give a working knowledge of the 
library and greater skill in the use of books — covering general and special 
collections, classification, catalogs, indexes, scope, use and comparison of 
the great bibliographies, encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, year books, 
directories and gazetteers. Practical exercises are given, applying the 
principles and methods advocated. 



50 



13. Graduate Work 

Graduates of the College, or those having done equivalent work else- 
where, are allowed to pursue advanced work under one or more of the 
instructors. The course must be laid out at the beginning of the year by the 
president and approved by the faculty. It involves a major course with 
not less than one minor course. The aim is to do work of an origi- 
nal character. This work is embodied in a thesis, two copies of 
which, bound in cloth, must be presented to the College. By vote of the 
faculty, graduates of the College who have a bachelor's degree, either in 
humanics or in physical education, who complete a one year's graduate 
course and present a thesis which receives a grade not lower than worthy 
of praise will be recommended to the trustees as candidates for a master's 
degree. 



Technical Courses 



Based upon the general course, the student takes one of the following 
courses — city or county or industrial secretary, a physical director or a 
boys work director. 

The Secretarial Course 

Faculty 

Professor Cheney, Director; Association Administration, Social Ethics, 

Municipal Sociology 
Doctor Seerley; Physiology and Hygiene 

Professor Burr; Philosophy, Contemporary Civilisation, Social Psychology 

Professor Campbell; Sociology 

Doctor Dawson; Anthropology 

Professor Hyde; World Classics 

Mrs. Doggett; English Literature, World Classics 

Professor Affleck; Camp Craft 

Principles and Methods of Boys Work 

Doctor Kirkham ; Field Science 

Professor Judd; Physical Theory and Practice 

Professor Houghton; Business Administration, Accounting 

Professor Schwenning; Economics 

14. Association Administration 

Professor Cheney, Senior year, fall and spring terms, three hours per 
week, 4 semester hours. 

This course is a training in administration. More and more all employed 
officers of the Young Men's Christian Associations are executives, and in 
whatever department an Association officer serves he needs to know the 
principles and the art of administration. He must understand how to do 
things and also how to get things done through others. He must know 
how to deal with men and how to organize a complex variety of activities. 
The course in methods aims to acquaint the student with the principles of 
administration and with the executive problems of the various departments. 

The work of instruction is supplemented by the Junior and Senior trips, 
conferences of employed officers, the institutes given each term and by 
normal practice. A large number of lecturers on special topics visit the 
College each year. 

(1) Principles of Organisation. Basis. Aim. When and how to 
organize. Essential features in the constitution. Branches and sub-organi- 
zations. The metropolitan plan. Trustees, directors and officers — qualifi- 
cations and duties. The organization of committee service. 



52 

(2) The General Secretary. History of position. Requisite qualifica- 
tions — physical, intellectual, executive and spiritual. His social life, home 
life, business life. Relations to churches and pastors, to officers, directors 
and committees, to other employees, to the business community, to fellow 
secretaries. Problems of personnel. Growth — spiritually, intellectually and 
socially. 

(3) The Extension Agencies. 

(a) The International Committee. History. Organization. For- 
eign and home work. Development of groups of Associations. 
Internal development. International conventions. 

(b) State and Provincial Committees. Organization. Develop- 
ment. Importance. Nature of work. Finances. State con- 
ventions. 

(c) The World's Committee. Organization and work. 

(d) The Training Agencies. Securing and training employed offi- 
cers. Methods of training. 

(4) The Association Home. The building movement, its beginning and 
growth, advantages of owning a building, how to get a building, favor- 
able conditions for launching an effort, the campaign, committee organi- 
zation, the art of solicitation, records, the location, the instructions to the 
architect, the plans and specifications, arrangement of features, the construc- 
tion with special study of the problems of lighting, heating and ventilat- 
ing, the equipment and furnishings, care of the building, repairs and safety, 
order and cleanliness. 

The students have normal practice in solicitation. A careful and detailed 
study is made of a score of sets of blue prints of recently constructed 
Association buildings and original sketches of floor plans are presented 
by each student. 

(5) The Membership. Committee organizations. Personnel of com- 
mittee. Duties. The membership secretary. Classes. How to secure and 
retain members. The assimilation of members. Methods of advertising. 
The members' meetings. Fees. Transfers. Partial payments. Records. 

(6) The Social Department. The principle of social affiliation. Vital 
importance of the social element. Development and use of the group 
spirit. The social secretary. The reception committee. What the recep- 
tion committee men should be and should do. Social agencies. The social 
rooms. Social entertainments. 

(7) Economic Features. A study of the Association activities which 
minister to the economic needs of young men: (a) Employment bureau — 
origin, methods of work, service to the community, attitude of business 
men, advantages, records, (b) Lunch rooms and restaurants — develop- 
ment of the idea, problems and advantages, (c) Dormitories — value to 
young men, business management, (d) Boarding house registers, object, 
development and extent, (e) Systems of saving, opportunities in Associa- 
tion to encourage frugality, saving bureaus, benefit funds, mutual societies 
for thrift. 



53 



(8) The Educational Department. The field for supplementary educa- 
tion. The reading room — furniture, supervision, papers and periodicals. 
The library — its importance and place in the Association, how to develop. 
Apartments and furniture, management, selecting and buying books, classi- 
fication, cataloging, shelf listing, binding and repairing, advertising, regis- 
tration and charging, reference books, courses of reading, aids to readers. 
Educational committee — the educational director — qualifications, work and 
relationships. Educational classes — the need, branches taught, adaptation to 
field, frequency of sessions, instructors, classrooms, examinations, finances. 
Educational clubs — literary, musical, scientific, art, civic and professional; 
the value, various forms of organization and work, how supervised. Edu- 
cational lectures — the relationships, range, resources and conduct. 

15. Methods of Work with Boys 

Senior year, winter term, three hours per week, 2 semester hours. 

( 1 ) Principles. 

(2) Methods. Programs of work with boys — grammar school, employed 
and high school boys ; the Christian citizenship training program. Prescribed 
reading. Opportunities for work in local institutions. 

16. Physiology, Hygiene, First Aid 

Dr. Seerley, Freshman year, three hours per week, 6 semester hours. 

Modern leadership requires knowledge of human life — physical as well as 
mental and spiritual. Man is the center of the student's interest and investi- 
gation and the physical nature at once becomes the basis of all such study. 
This course plans to make the student an observer of his own physiological 
phenomena and somewhat an experimenter in the field of right living. This 
knowledge should fit him to render service to those needing it and to teach 
boys and young men the art of clean, healthful living. 

17. English Literature 

Mrs. Doggett, Sophomore year, three terms, three hours per week, 6 
semester hours. 

This course traces the development of English thought and its varying 
expression through literary forms from the age of Chaucer to the present. 
Each author is studied through his writings in relation to his own time. 
Emphasis is laid on those elements which modified his work and the effect 
of his writing upon the age. Attention is given to the great art forms of 
literature and their peculiar relation to the periods of national life in which 
they are produced. 

This course has practical value for the secretary, not only in giving him a 
discriminating appreciation of the best writers, but also in fitting him to 
stimulate and direct the reading of young men and boys. 

Text-book: "Century Readings for a Course in English Literature," Cun- 
liffe, Pyre and Young. 



54 



The Social Sciences 

Professors Burr, Cheney, Campbell and Dawson. 

The Young Men's Christian Association is one of the greatest of the 
modern agencies of social service. Of necessity its leaders must be social 
scientists as well as adepts in the art of serving their kind. The following 
courses are planned to give the student the scientific background which 
he will need for his practical work in social reform and education. 

18. Philosophy and Ethics 

(1) History of Philosophy. Professor Burr, Senior year, spring term, 
three hours per week, 2 semester hours. 

A survey is given of the fundamental problems of philosophy and of the 
classic systems with special emphasis on the modern scientific approach. 

(2) Social Ethics. Professor Cheney, Sophomore year, winter term, 
three hours per week, 2 semester hours. 

A study of the modern social revolution and the problems of the resultant 
social crisis. The essential purpose of Christianity as evidenced in the 
religion of the Hebrew prophets and the social aims and ethics of Jesus. 
Why Christianity has never undertaken the work of social reconstruction. 
The stake of the church in the social movement. The contributions which 
Christianity can make and the main directions in which the religious spirit 
should exert its forces. 

Text-books : "Christianity and the Social Crisis," Rauschenbusch. Chris- 
tianity and Economic Problems," Johnson. 

19. Municipal Sociology 

Professor Cheney, Sophomore year, fall term, three hours per week, 
2 l /i semester hours. Cities are the strategic points of our modern civiliza- 
tion. In the cities are massed, not merely the most powerful economic and 
political forces, but also the most powerful ethical and educational forces. 

The Young Men's Christian Association is itself a product of city life. 
It is an organized attempt on the part of the church to meet one of the 
most pressing needs of city life — a social center for young men, where 
all wholesome and educative influences should be massed attractively and 
effectively. 

It is becoming evident that the secretaries and directors of the Associa- 
tion must be sociological experts and that they must be leaders in social 
service. In studying the lives of young men they will become so perforce. 
As a matter of fact, they constitute a natural bureau of information as 
to all the forces and conditions of city life which affect young men. In 
some of our largest and most effective Associations, the secretaries are 
becoming recognized as authorities on municipal sociology, both to the 
benefit of the city and their own work. 



55 

Syllabus of Course in Municipal Sociology: 

(1) Introduction. The city in its relation to civilization. 

(2) History. Ancient and medieval cities. Their relation to political, 
social and economic progress. 

(3) Growth of Modern Cities. Causes and consequences of rapid 
urbanization. Statistics, composition and distribution, race and 
occupations. 

(4) Special Problems. 

A dministration. 

(a) City charters, (b) Relation of city and state, (c) The mayor — 
qualifications, term of office, powers, (d) The composition and duties of 
the council, (e) The commission, federal and city manager form of 
government, (f) Initiative, referendum, recall, the preferential ballot, 
(g) The organization and control of departments, (h) Finances — methods 
of taxation, appropriations, uniform systems of accounting, (i) The grant- 
ing of franchises — duration, resumption. (j) Control of quasi-public 
corporations, such as the telegraph, telephone, express, gas and electric 
light and street railway companies. 

Health. 

(a) The housing problem — tenements, overcrowding, plumbing, inspec- 
tion, model tenements, (b) Streets — cleaning, disposition of city waste, 
beautifying, regulation of use. (c) Parks, playgrounds, public baths, 
recreation piers, etc. (d) The control and prevention of disease. The 
board of health, sanitary police, etc. 

Morals. 

(a) The prevention and punishment of crime. City magistrates' courts. 
Juvenile courts. The organization and control of the police, (b) The 
liquor traffic. Prohibition, (c) Prostitution — causes, consequences, methods 
of supression or control, (d) Amusements — theaters, motion pictures, 
dance halls, circuses, games. Extent of municipal responsibility, (e) In- 
decent pictures and literature, gambling, etc. 

Philanthropy. 

(a) Care of dependents — orphans, paupers, etc. (b) Care of defectives — 

idiots, insane, etc. (c) Care of delinquents — young criminals. Juvenile 
courts. Reform schools. 

Education. 

(a) Aim of public education, (b) Courses of study — nature and extent, 
(c) Control. Laws. School board and officers, (d) Teachers — qualifica- 
tions, character, sex, religious relation, salaries, pensions, etc. (e) School 
extension — wider utilization of school buildings, vacation schools, municipal 
lectures, concerts, etc. 



56 



(5) Unofficial Agencies for Municipal Betterment. 

(a) The Church, especially the institutional church, (b) The Young 
Men's and Young Women's Christian Associations, (c) University and 
social settlements, (d) Municipal and civic leagues, (e) Playgrounds, 
etc. 

Special lectures presented annually : The city council, commission form 
of government, the board of health, the police, the juvenile court, city 
planning, motion pictures, social centers, friendly visiting, union relief, 
children's aid society, the problem of the unemployed. 

Visits are required at a certain number of the following organizations: 
Fire department, Hampden county jail, Hampden county almshouse, police 
court, the common council, Northampton state asylum, Westfield state sani- 
tarium, the Wayfarers' lodge, Brightside. 

20. Economics 

Professor Schwenning, fall and winter terms, three hours per week, 4 
semester hours. 

This constitutes a general introductory course in the principles of econom- 
ics and is fundamental to the study of all industrial problems. The 
features emphasized are the psychological approach to modern economics, 
production and its technique, the changing relations between labor and 
management and ownership, markets, banking, business and industrial 
groups. The problem of social control is constantly kept in mind. 

Text-book: "Principles of the New Economics," Edie. Assigned read- 
ings, discussions, papers, lectures. 

21. Anthropology 

Dr. Dawson, Junior year, spring term, three hours per week, 2 semester 
hours. 

This course aims to accomplish in the study of racial life what experi- 
mental and religious psychology accomplishes in the study of the individual. 
It gives the student an outlook upon the problems of mind, education, reli- 
gion, etc., of the human race as a whole. A study is made of racial origins 
and somatic and psychological traits due to climatic, telluric, psychological, 
social and other causes. The more important ethnological types are analyzed 
and their civilizations evaluated in the light of their environmental and his- 
toric needs. Stress is laid upon the distinctive contributions each race may 
make to a common civilization and the necessity of respecting and conserving 
such racial contributions. While mainly intended for cultural purposes, 
orienting more broadly the student's mental attitude, the course is also 
intended to give him a certain technical preparation for special fields of 
work. 



57 



22. Sociology 

Professor Campbell, Sophomore year, winter term, three hours per week, 
2 semester hours. 

This course is designed to give the student the accepted results of the 
study of the science of sociology as a basis for further thinking and to 
present a comprehensive survey of the entire field. Causes which affect 
the life of society: geographic, technic, psycho-physical, social causes. Na- 
ture and analysis of the life of society. Social evolution and social control. 

Text-books : "Introduction to the Study of Sociology," Hayes ; "Soci- 
ology," "Principles of Sociology," Ross ; "Outlines of Sociology," Blackman 
and Gillin. 

23. Social Psychology 

Professor Burr, Junior year, winter term, five hours per week, 4 semester 
hours. 

Social psychology, the youngest of the social sciences and one of the 
most interesting, discusses problems which are of special importance to 
prospective leaders. These are some of the themes : 

(1) The formation of psychic groups. Laws and types. 

(2) The action of the "mob mind." 

(3) The psychology of leadership. 

(4) The development, choice and use of leaders. 

(5) The influence of fashion, convention, custom and public opinion. 

(6) / Agents of social control. 

24. Contemporary Civilization 

Professor Burr, Junior year, fall and winter terms, three hours per 
week, 4 semester hours. 

The aim of this course is to give the student a comprehensive view of the 
political, social and economic features of modern civilization; to help him 
develop a world consciousness and a world conscience. 

(1) Summary of modern European history, emphasizing the develop- 
ment of the great nations, their distinctive political systems and peculiar 
problems. 

(2) The World War — causes and consequences. Reconstruction. 

(3) Problems of the Near East — Balkans, Turkey, Armenia, etc. 

(4) Factors in Modern Civilization. 

(5) Current history; daily analysis of world news. 

The method pursued is special assigned topics and readings ; large use of 
material from daily press and magazines. 

25. The Expansion of Europe in Asia 

Professor Mohler, Sophomore year, fall term, three hours per week, 2^ 
semester hours. 

In this course an attempt is made to understand the backgrounds of 
the present situation in Asia. The condition of affairs in India, China, Japan, 



58 



Korea, the Pacific Islands, etc., before the modern era is considered. 
The nature of the political organization, culture and religion is studied. 
The causes of the expansion of Europe and the nature and effect of the 
extension of the Western political system, civilization and religion are 
noted. 

26. The Far East 

Professor Mohler, Sophomore year, (elective) winter term, three hours 
per week, 2 semester hours. 

The course on the Far East deals with the present-day problems arising 
from the expansion of the West upon the East. Cultural conflicts, religious 
differences, racial aspirations, political designs, commercial and economic 
interests are carefully studied. The aim is to analyze present-day problems 
and tendencies, making clear the relationship which the United States has 
to the issues involved. The course on the Expansion of Europe in Asia 
is a prerequisite. 

27. Latin America 

Professor Mohler, Junior year, (elective) winter term, three hours per 
week, 2 semester hours. 

In view of the post-war developments among our neighbors to the 
southeast, the course on Latin America is most timely. Our interests in 
the Caribbean area, Panama, Central America, Mexico and the South 
American republics are involving us in political, economic and cultural 
problems which need careful analysis and consideration. In this course 
are studied the condition of Spain before the conquest, the Indian civiliza- 
tion in the new world, the settlement of Hispanic America, the establish- 
ment of independent republics and their relationships with Europe and the 
United States. The tendencies toward Pan-Americanism on the one hand 
and toward Pan-Latinism on the other and the possibility of cooperation 
will be carefully considered. 

28. The Modern Expansion of Christianity 

Professor Mohler, Junior year, spring term, three hours per week, 2 
semester hours. 

In this course the missionary enterprise is considered as a factor in the 
general expansion of the West on the East. The development of the 
movement is followed from the latter part of the eighteenth century and 
its influence on the national life of the countries involved is traced as far 
as possible. The changing emphasis of the enterprise is noted and the 
present-day problems relating to the building of indigenous Christian in- 
stitutions are carefully studied. The effect of theological controversy, 
the problems of union and internationalization, the relation of the movement 
to national heritage and the policy to be adopted with reference to con- 
structive and helpful participation in the great social, economic and in- 



59 



dustrial developments of the future are considered. The part which the 
foreign work of the Young Men's Christian Association is taking in con- 
nection with these developments receives special attention. 

29. World Classics by Translation 

(1) Modem European Literature. Mrs. Doggett, Junior year, fall term, 
three hours per week, 2 semester hours. This course seeks to give the 
intellectual and imaginative background of the great races of Europe. Com- 
parison is made among them as they have developed from century to century, 
showing the interdependence of these nations one upon the other in stimulat- 
ing thought and expression, as well as in developing literary forms. This 
course is of assistance to teachers of Americanization in making them under- 
stand the heritage of the foreigner. The following authors are taken up : 

Russian: Pushkin, Gogol, Turgenev, Tolstoi, Dostoievski, Chekov. 
Scandinavian: Ibsen, Hamsun, Strindberg, Bjornson, Lagerlof. 
Spanish: Cervantes, Galdos, Valera, Valdes. 

French: Hugo, Balzac, Flaubert, Maupassant, Anatole France, Rostand, 
Brieux. 

German: Goethe, Schiller, Heine, Hauptmann, Schnitzler, Sudermann. 

(2) Greek Classics. Mr. Hyde, Junior year, winter term, three hours 
per week, 2 semester hours. 

This term's work seeks to make the class familiar with Greek thought 
during the classic period, rather than studying critically the literature in- 
volved. A certain familiarity with the history of the period is necessary. 
Through lectures and reading the class is made acquainted with the Hellenic 
background of myth, customs, temperament and mental aptitude. The de- 
velopment of Hellenic religion and of the drama are considered in some 
detail. Works are studied in class and taken up by individual students to 
be presented to the class for criticism. 

30. Business Administration 

Professor Houghton, Junior year, three terms, three hours per week, 
6 semester hours. 

Fall Term: Business organization and administration; stocks, bonds and 
investments ; personal accounts ; foreign exchange. 

Text-book: "Business Organization and Administration," de Haas. 

Winter Term: Business correspondence. 

Text-book: "Effective Business Letters," Gardner. 

Spring Term: Advertising and selling. 

Text-book: "Advertising and Selling," Hollingworth. 

The aim of the course is to instruct in the scientific facts of business 
organization and administration ; to train in business ability ; and to develop 
appreciation of the work of the business men in today's business world. 



60 



31. Accounting 

Professor Houghton, Freshman year, three terms, two hours per week, 
4 semester hours. 

The fundamentals of accounting; and accounting in the Young Men's 
Christian Association. 
Text-book: "Fundamentals of Accounting," Cole. 

32. Camp Craft 

Professor Affleck, Freshman year, spring term, one hour per week, 1 
semester hour. 

The time is spent in camp with practice and training in all phases of tent 
pitching, fire building, bed making, cooking, etc., and with camp as center 
the surrounding territory is used as a laboratory for actual practice in the 
various outdoor studies and activities. Boy scouting and woodcraft are 
given a prominent place. 

Student Theses, 1922-1923. 

Philip Batchelder, "Scouting versus the Y. M. C. A. for Boys." 
T. A. Gibson, "College Deputation Work." 
J. J. LeBrun, "Church Advertising." 

P. S. Pitts, "The Problem of Discipline in a Reform School." 

L. L. Stacy, "The Religious Urge in the Lives of Young Men and Boys." 

33. Practical Work 

Students must secure a minimum of 60 points in normal practice. 

Unusual opportunities are offered for practical work and for getting an 
inside view of Association management. The Springfield, Holyoke and 
Westfield Associations, with their beautiful buildings and large member- 
ships, furnish every facility to see and participate in the various phases of 
Association activity. 

In addition to the normal practice in religious work, the secretarial 
students have opportunities for developing their powers along executive, 
educational and social lines, in which 40 points are required each year. 
Not only must the secretary be a religious leader, he must be a business 
manager as well. In fact, this qualification is of vital importance for his 
greatest success. He must be able to bring things to pass, to organize 
and to make complex organization effective. Executive positions in con- 
nection with the student Association, the senate, Springfield Student and 
classbook afford valuable training for a number of men. Laboratory 
experience in executive work is also given the student in the organiz- 
ing of boys' clubs, in Sunday schools and among the working boys, and in 
directing the activities of the young people's organizations in the churches, 
etc. Recognizing the importance of the development of executive ability, 
at least one-fourth of the total number of points required must be gained 
in executive work. 



61 

The social leadership is developed by social committee service in the 
student Association, by social work at the boys' club and in the churches 
and by entertainments and outings with groups of boys. 

Unusual opportunities are offered for gaining an intimate knowledge of 
the practical management of the Association. The Springfield Young 
Men's Christian Associations furnish every facility to see and participate 
in the various phases of the Association activities. A series of confer- 
ences are held each year at the Association building with the heads of the 
various departments, when the practical side of all phases of Association 
work is discussed. A careful study is also made of the management of 
the office. The men are enabled to see the committee work in operation 
and occasionally to visit a board meeting. 

Junior Tour. At the close of the winter term the Juniors spend five days 
in Worcester, Providence, Boston and vicinity visiting the Young Men's 
Christian Associations and other agencies for social and religious service 
among young men and boys. 

Senior Tour. At the close of the winter term of the Senior year, a 
tour is made of the Associations at Brooklyn and New York City. This 
tour, taken under the direction of members of the faculty, gives an oppor- 
tunity to study the actual workings of a large number of Associations. 
It is quite different from a convention where Association topics are dis- 
cussed. On this tour, by arrangements beforehand with the employed men 
of the Associations, from one-half hour's to an hour's interview is held in 
the office in which the work is carried on. The past year some twenty 
different Associations and institutions were visited and conferences were 
held with sixty different employed men on various phases of Association 
work. This included twelve directors of Association and college gym- 
nasiums, twelve international and state secretaries and twenty-six secretaries 
of city Associations. 

34. Physical Training 

One of the great contributions of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion to modern religious life is the discovery of the value of the physical 
approach to boys and young men. The use of plays and games, summer 
camps and the gymnasium as a means for religious education has not only 
greatly enlarged religious thought, but it has proved a practical means of 
winning men to Christian living. All secretaries and boys' directors need 
to understand the problems of physical education, not only that they may 
be able to promote from the administrative side the work of the physical 
department, but that they may, as opportunity offers, use this means for 
direct influence with boys and young men. 

Professor Judd, Freshman year, three hours per week, 6 semester 
hours. The first-year secretarial students have a thorough course in gym- 
nastics, athletics and aquatics. Throughout the course emphasis is placed 
upon the development of organic vigor and the preparation of the students 



62 



for a life of strenuous work. During the fall the men have soccer practice 
for the first eight weeks. They may elect rugby football with the physical 
class. During the indoor season the class is given an all-round graded 
course in gymnastics, athletics, aquatics and games. Theory discussions 
are given as a part of the floor work. During the spring term instruction 
is given in coaching in baseball, track, tennis and canoeing. 

Professor Judd, Sophomore year, three hours per week, 6 semester hours. 

Professor Judd, Junior year, two hours per week, 4 semester hours. 

Professor Judd, Senior year, two hours per week, 4 semester hours. 

The Sophomore, Junior and Senior years pursue a regular progressive 
course in gymnastics, games, athletics and aquatics. During the Junior 
and Senior years opportunities are given for the development of class 
leadership. During the Senior year special attention is given to the develop- 
ment of tennis. 



County Work Department 

Professor Campbell, Director 
Professor McRae, Assistant Director 

Committee for County Work Course 

Horace A. Moses, Springfield, Mass., Chairman 
Winthrop M. Crane, Dalton, Mass. 

Albert E. Roberts, Secretary Town and Country Department International 
Committee, New York City 

Kenyon L. Butterfield, Ph. D., President Massachusetts Agricultural Col- 
lege, Amherst, Mass. 

Hon. Gifford Pinchot, Philadelphia, Pa. 

D. Hunter McAlpin, M. D., Town and Country Department Committee, 

International Committee, New York City 
Harold W. Foght, President Northern Normal and Industrial School, 

Aberdeen, S. D. 
Edward W. Hazen, Haddam, Conn. 

Charles J. Galpin, Office of Farm Management, Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C. 

General Statement 

The Young Men's Christian Association was at first a city organization 
devoted chiefly to helping the commercial class of young men in our modern 
cities. Very soon, however, this work became adapted to special classes of 
young men, first students, then railroad men and later men in the army and 
navy and many other groups. 

For twenty-five years there has been a determined effort to adapt the 
work of the Association to young men in rural communities. Robert 
Weidensall, the first secretary of the Internationol Committee, who 
pioneered so many Association undertakings, was a leader in this work. 
Over two hundred and fifty employed officers are now engaged in promot- 
ing county work under the auspices of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation. 

The chief obstacle to the further progress of this movement is the 
lack of properly qualified leaders. It was to meet this increasing demand 
that the county work course was established at Springfield in the summer 
of 1914. Mr. Walter J. Campbell was invited to take charge. Mr. 
Campbell is a graduate of Princeton University and also of Princeton 
Theological Seminary. After several years' experience in a rural church 
he became a county work secretary, serving first in a local field and 
later in the service of the New York State Committee and the Pennsyl- 
vania State Committee. His eight years' experience in field work in this 
department has amply qualified him for this position. 



64 

The county work secretaryship calls for men of independence of char- 
acter, personal leadership and an indefatigable, earnest purpose. Under 
such leadership there is no doubt of abundant success. The rural field in 
spite of the growth of the modern city still contains the larger number of 
young men. These young men and boys are responsive to the work of the 
Young Men's Christian Association and the county work secretaryship offers 
an unsurpassed opportunity for a life of useful service. The response which 
this new move has awakened, both on the part of the county work brother- 
hood and on the part of men looking forward to definite religious service 
in the country amply justifies belief in its timeliness. While the county work 
course has been arranged primarily to prepare men for effective leadership 
in the rural work of the Young Men's Christian Association with oppor- 
tunity for specialization in physical, industrial or boys work, it furnishes an 
admirable supplementary course of study for the rural pastor or other rural 
leader. 

A Four Years' Course 

To meet the demand for adequately equipped men and likewise to pro- 
vide the necessary background in agricultural science, a four years' course 
has been established, which involves spending the fall and winter terms of 
the Junior year at the Massachusetts Agricultural College at Amherst 
and the spring term in practical field work as an apprentice under the 
tutelage of an experienced county secretary in a strongly organized county. 
Students completing this course will be given the degree of Bachelor of 
Humanics (B. H.) or Bachelor of Physical Education (B. P. E.) in ac- 
cordance with their major electives. 

Students so desiring, by taking postgraduate work at Massachusetts Agri- 
cultural College, Teachers College, Columbia University, N. Y., or Clark 
University, Worcester, Mass., may secure degrees of Bachelor of Science 
(B. S.) or Master of Arts (M. A.). 

35. County Work — History and Methods 

Professors Campbell and McRae, Senior year, three terms, three hours 
per week, 6 semester hours. 

1. The History of County Work and the Evolution of the County Work 
Idea. 

(1) The first local rural Association. 

(2) The county organization. 

(3) The county secretary. 

(4) The state department committee and state county work secretary. 

(5) The International county work department and secretaries. 

(6) Training centers. 

(7) Elements of strength and weakness shown by the line of historical 
development. 



65 



2. The Philosophy of County Work. 

(1) County work fundamentals. 

(2) Principles of religious work, Bible study, personal work, educational 
work, physical work and boys work. 

3. The Sociology of County Work. 

(1) The field— intensive and extensive. 

(2) Analysis of a county. 

(3) Social groupings — normal and abnormal. 

(4) Place of county work among the rural social forces. 

4. Organization. 

(1) County work plan — international, state, county and local. 

(2) Development. 

(3) Relationships. 

5. Personal. 

(1) The county secretary and his work. 

(2) The county committeeman. 

(3) The local leader. 

(4) Leadership discovery and development. 

(5) The personal life of the secretary. 

6. Practice and Problems. 

(1) Finances and the administration of the budget. 

(2) Conventions and institutes. 

(3) Corresponding membership. 

(4) Departmental activities — religious, educational, social and physical. 

(5) Summer activities and camps. 

(6) Extension work. 

(7) Inter-Association activities. 

(8) Cooperative activities. 

(9) Business administration and development of a permanent constitu- 
ency. 

7. Homiletics of County Work. 

(1) Leadership training. 

(2) Publicity. 

36. Rural Economics 

Professor Campbell, Sophomore year, fall term, three hours per week, 
iy 2 semester hours. 

This course is devoted to the study of the public and social aspects of 
the agricultural industry. No one can be regarded as a safe leader or 
sane counselor in public affairs who does not realize that the most funda- 
mental of all our economic problems is that of the relation of the people 



66 



to the source of the food supply in the soil itself. The deepest problem 
of statesmanship is that of economizing, utilizing and conserving this poten- 
tial food supply. 

A general philosophical background for the study of the rural economy 
of the present is set up through the discussion of the place of agriculture 
in the general problem of human adjustment. The following topics are 
stressed by lecture, classroom discussion and independent research on the 
part of the student. 

1. The Historical Background of Modern Agriculture. 

2. The factors of Agricultural Production. 

(1) Land 

(2) Labor 

(3) Capital 

(4) Management 

3. The Distribution of the Agricultural Income. 

(1) Rent 

(2) Wages 

(3) Interest 

(4) Profits 

4. The Problems of Rural Social Life. 

( 1 ) Tenantry 

(2) Absentee Landlordism 

5. The Literature of Rural Economics. 

Text-books : "Principles of Rural Economics," Carver ; "Agricultural 
Economics," Nourse ; "Agricultural Economics," Taylor ; "Agricultural 
Economics," Boyle. 

37. Rural Sociology 

Professor Campbell, Sophomore year, spring term, three hours per week, 
2 semester hours. 

A study of the organized agencies by which rural communities give 
expression to various forms of associated life and their contribution to 
rural betterment — domestic, economic, cultural, religious and political. 

Special attention is given to the rural family, the rural school and the 
rural church. 

In addition to the usual lecture and classroom discussion method, much 
attention will be given to first-hand survey investigations and community 
studies. 

1. The Rural Community. 

(1) Rural migration — causes and results. 

(2) Social conditions and life of rural people — their influence on per- 
sonal and institutional life. 



67 



(3) Consequent problems — health, delinquency, dependency, morality, 
child labor. 

(4) Standards of living, cultural ideals. 

(5) Community consciousness and activity. 

(6) Business and political ethics. 

2. Social Groupings. 

Types of communities and characteristic temper of mind. 

3. Rural Institutional Life. 

4. The Literature of Rural Life. 

Text-books : "Rural Sociology," Gillette ; "The Rural Community," Sims ; 
"The Challenge of the Country," Fiske ; "Rural Life and Education," Cub- 
berly; "The American Rural School," Foght; "The Evolution of the 
Country Community," Wilson; "Rural Manhood," "The Country Church 
and the Rural Problems," Butterfield; "Vital Problems in Rural Leader- 
ship," Campbell; "Readings in Rural Sociology," Phelan. 

38. Courses in Cooperation with the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College, Amherst 

Junior year, two terms. 

The purpose of this cooperation with the Agricultural College is not 
at all to make scientific agriculturists, but rather to connect up in an 
intelligent and intimate manner the rural religious worker with the 
machinery of agriculture that he may cooperate effectively with the multi- 
tude of agencies now giving thought and attention to the economic, social 
and educational needs of the farmer. 

1. The Organisation and Development of Rural Community Life. 

(1) Cooperative Organisation and Marketing. Dr. Cance. The charac- 
teristics of New England agriculture as an industry — land, labor, markets, 
transportation, farmers' business organizations. 

(2) The Redirection of Rural Education. Professor Hart. Courses of 
study — supervision, preparation of teachers, the place of the school in the 
social organism, boys' and girls' club work. 

(3) Application of Sociology and Economics to Community Develop- 
ment. Professor Phelan and Professor Sims. Methods of work, etc. 

(4) Rural Organisation. President Butterfield. An analysis of the main 
elements in the question of American rural development — rural adjustment, 
rural policy, national statesmanship in rural affairs. 

(5) Civic Improvement. Professor Waugh. How to carry on civic im- 
provement — technical problems and the principles involved, its relation to 
general community development. 



6S 



2. Additional courses offered for Springfield men at Amherst are as 
follows : 

Soil Fertility- 
Field Crops 
Marketing 
Fruit Growing 
Poultry 

Rural Sanitary Science 
New England Rural Life 
Botany 
Journalism 

3. Frequent seminar periods of two hours each are held for the informal 
discussion of vital topics in the field of agricultural organization, 
extension or practice. 

39. Physical Work 

The gospel of wholesome play and the moral reactions of clean athletics 
are lessons which the country is only beginning to learn. The value of the 
physical approach to the life of the boy and young man has been recognized 
by the Association and the country boy is no exception except possibly 
that there is need of special emphasis on the ministry of play and recrea- 
tion in breaking down the ill effects of drudgery and isolation. 

In physical work, the county work students take a specialized course, 
including gymnastics, athletics and aquatics. Additional emphasis is placed 
on the mastery of a varied curriculum of games, involving little or no 
equipment, the promotion and supervision of athletic meets and play festi- 
vals and pageants. Students so desiring may major in Rural Recreation 
and receive the degree of B. P. E. 

40. Normal Practice 

Students must secure a minimum of 60 points in normal practice for 
graduation. 

No amount of theoretical knowledge will ever make an efficient county 
secretary unless he is able to translate his theory into practical achieve- 
ment when confronted with the challenge of need, whether it be the lead- 
ing of a group of boys or the redirecting of the life and ideals of a 
community. Through the cooperation of the County Work Department 
of the Connecticut State Committee in Hartford County and adjoining 
counties, abundant opportunity is afforded for testing the qualifications of 
the men in practical effort. No man will be allowed to graduate from the 
county work course who is not able to handle his normal work acceptably 
to the director of the course and the County Work Secretary in the field 
in which he has taken his apprentice work. The variety of opportunity for 
experience is suggested by the different types of activity promoted by the 



69 

county work students in the past — boy scouts, boys' brigades, rural Young 
Men's Christian Associations, men's brotherhoods, Sunday school teachers 
and superintendents, religious deputations, play demonstrations. Six country 
churches supplied regularly — community surveys, rural home and organiza- 
tion census work, fathers' and sons' banquets, Sunday school teachers' 
training classes. 

41. The Weidensall Society 

The Weidensall society is a voluntary organization of students for the 
study and discussion of rural life problems and literature and for personal 
development in character and in facility and power in public debate. 
This new literary society while not limited in membership to county work 
men, gives its attention nevertheless to rural life topics. The society meets 
each Monday evening throughout the year and combines in its program the 
functions of a social organization, a literary society and a seminar. This 
society is affiliated with the National Federation of Collegiate Country 
Life Clubs. 

42. "William B. Warne, Jr., Memorial" 

The county work bookshelf is maintained by a special memorial fund. 
This makes available for study and reference purposes a constantly growing 
volume of the best and latest material on country life. 



70 



Boys Work Course 

Professor Cheney, Acting Director 

General Statement 

One of the certain evidences of progress, humanly speaking, is the larger 
recognition of the importance to life of childhood and adolescence. The 
significance of attitude and habits formed by the eighteenth birthday is so 
well understood that many leaders of education, secular and religious, feel 
that the best leadership of society should be available to youth during these 
formative years when lasting decisions, favorable or unfavorable to self and 
society, are being made. The expanding program of work with boys by 
the church, school and state calls for a large number of properly prepared 
leaders and it is the function of this course to help make possible this prepa- 
ration. The Young Men's Christian Association has demonstrated a special 
fitness for cooperating with these fundamental institutions of society, includ- 
ing also the home and industry. It is a work that should be done, not by 
novices, but by men who have acquired a culture and a technical proficiency 
under the direct guidance of seasoned leaders. No investment of life could 
mean more to mankind than as a worker with boys and a trainer of leaders 
of boys, but the preparation should be in proportion to the greatness of 
opportunity. 

The College offers a practically unrivaled course of preparation for pros- 
pective boys work directors. A four-year course of subjects, chosen after 
very careful study, makes possible the most effective mental development. 
A carefully graded program of physical work, covering four years, insures 
personal physical fitness in this sphere of life so interesting to youths. 
Leadership of groups of boys in the local churches, schools, industries, 
Young Men's Christian Associations, boys' clubs and boy scouts helps to 
round out the best possible preparation for this work. There are several 
faculty members who are recognized as experts in lines of work directly 
pertaining to boys. Drs. Seerley and Dawson and Professors Burr and 
Cheney have won a very general recognition by their writings and lectures 
on various phases of boy life. In addition to these resident leaders, ar- 
rangements are made for bringing to the College from time to time some 
of the most successful workers with boys from the field, thus insuring the 
most up-to-date message for men preparing for leadership of boys. 

43. Principles and Methods of Work with Boys 

Senior year, winter and spring terms, three hours per week, 4 semester 
hours. 

(1) Principles. Winter term. An understanding of the boy — his interests, 
activities and relationships ; his home, church, school, community and em- 
ployment. Prescribed reading. 



71 



(2) Methods. Spring term. Programs of work with boys — grammar 
school, employed and high school boys; the Christian citizenship training 
program. Prescribed reading. Opportunities for work in local institutions. 

For complete four-year course see page 35. 

44. Physical Work 

If you wish to create a new enthusiasm in the mind of an individual it is 
necessary to relate it to some conscious enthusiasm already operating in that 
mind. Youth is quite consciously enthusiastic about play and sports and 
the individual who knows how to cooperate with them in this sphere of 
interest has a decided advantage for influencing their more permanent 
enthusiasms. With this service in mind, a four-year course of graded 
physical work has been carefully worked out for boys work students, which 
not only insures personal health, but prepares for leadership of physical 
activities during student days and following graduation. Students taking the 
boys work course who are not physically disqualified are expected to partici- 
pate in all of the major sports except football, and they may elect this if 
they desire. 

45. Normal Practice 

A happy balance of study, instruction and practice is essential to the most 
effective type of education. For this reason students are required to do a 
reasonable amount of normal work under careful supervision by teachers 
and upper classmen. Confidence born of achievement inspires to greater 
effort and so produces an efficiency that only study or classroom lecture 
could never produce. A most cordial working relationship exists between 
the churches of the city, the city Young Men's Christian Association and 
the boys' club and boy scouts, thus affording opportunity for self-expression 
along many lines mutually helpful. Leadership of groups of boys in physical 
social and religious work on Sundays and week days, some of which work 
is financially remunerative, proves to be helpful to all concerned. 

46. Field Science 

See General Course, page 48. 

47. Camp Craft 

See General Course, page 60. 

48. Play Organization 

See General Course, page 87. 



72 



Industrial Course 

Professor Schwenning, Director 

Industrial Course Committee 
Col. Benjamin A. Franklin, Chairman, Strathmore Paper Company, 
Springfield, Mass. 

E. H. T. Foster, M. D., Vice -Chair man, Industrial Department Interna- 

tional Committee, New York City 
Harry E. Barnes, Ph. D., Clark University, Worcester, Mass. 
Edgar H. Betts, Earl & Wilson, Troy, N. Y. 

Edwin S. Kassing, Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church, New York City 

F. J. Kingsbury, Bridgeport Brass Company, Bridgeport, Conn. 

Robert E. Lewis, General Secretary Young Men's Christian Association, 

Cleveland, Ohio 
Fred T. Ley, Fred T. Ley & Company, Springfield Mass. 
R. F. McElwain, Crocker-McElwain Company, Holyoke, Mass. 
Charles C. Ramsdell, Gilbert and Barker Manufacturing Company, 

Springfield, Mass. 

George W. Tupper, Ph. D., Industrial Secretary State Committee, Boston, 
Mass. 

Robert B. Wolf, The R. B. Wolf Company, New York City 

General Statement 

The largest portion of the young men and boys in our modern cities 
are engaged in industry. Of the many serious problems in these days none 
is more important than the problem of human relations in industry. Our 
workers in industry are the largest and most vital element in modern life. 

The Young Men's Christian Association is finding practically unlimited 
opportunities to carry into industrial life its program for the development 
of the whole man. In many instances it furnishes the sole social leadership 
for whole industrial communities. Its constructive efforts toward meeting 
the human, intellectual and spiritual needs of the wage-worker and his 
family are beneficial not only to the factory worker but to society at large. 

Secretaries who are to lead in this work must be men of independence 
of character, personal leadership and of serious purpose. They should 
have a sympathetic interest in wage-workers ; they should be trained in 
the principles of the Young Men's Christian Association; they should 
have a thorough knowledge of industrial history, economics, labor prob- 
lems and the relationships between capitalists and laborers. Moreover, 
they should receive practical training in organizing and leading men in 
industries. 

Corporations are seeking industrial relations managers who are of high 
character, sympathetic spirit and Christian ideals. These officials have a 
wide range of duties, including employment, housing, recreation, education, 



73 



insurance, pensions, Americanization, first aid, sanitation, thrift, plant 
papers, — in short, the accomplishment of those things which humanize 
industry and make for industrial efficiency and for social progress. Be- 
cause of their exacting responsibilities and their importance in modern in- 
dustrial society, industrial relations managers should have adequate training 
in the social sciences and in modern methods of personnel administration 
and should be imbued with the principles of Christ. 

America is the greatest manufacturing nation in the world and is rapidly 
becoming more highly industrialized. In its effort to serve young men and 
boys, the Young Men's Christian Association is losing its original commer- 
cial character and is fast becoming industrialized with the country. If it 
is to meet its obligation in a measure during the next decade, the Associa- 
tion as an organization must give most of its interest and energy to pro- 
moting activities in the interest of the wage-workers of our population. 

With the passing of the industrial depression, industry will expand to 
unprecedented proportions. We are on the threshold of this period of 
expansion and prosperity. With this boom will come corresponding social 
and industrial problems and the demand for industrial secretaries and 
welfare directors. To help meet this demand for leadership in the field 
of industry, the College is offering courses in preparation for the following 
callings. 

Industrial Secretaries 

Secretaries are needed as heads of industrial departments in city Asso- 
ciations to project the entire Association program into the industrial sec- 
tions of local communities. These officers are termed industrial secretaries. 
Furthermore, strictly industrial centers are erecting Association buildings 
expressly designed and equipped for the use of industrial workers. In 
such fields industrial general secretaries and a staff of experts are needed. 
Graduates receive the Bachelor of Humanics (B. H.) degree. 

Industrial Recreation Directors 

Recreation directors are in demand as leaders of health and recreation 
in Young Men's Christian Associations and in industrial plants. The 
College is unusually well equipped to give thorough training in organizing 
and promoting games, plays, field days, athletic meets, etc., for men, women 
and boys employed in factories. Students desiring to train for this work 
will take subjects offered in the Industrial Course but will major in the 
Physical Course. Upon graduation these men will receive the degree of 
Bachelor of Physical Education (B. P. E.). 

Employed Boys Secretaries 

Those interested in boys work will find unlimited opportunities with 
the multitude of boys employed in our national industries. There is no 
field that offers equal opportunities for making a genuine contribution and 



74 



for a life investment. Special preparation is necessary for secretaries who 
hope to do effective work with these needy boys. The College offers such 
training. Men wishing to prepare for the employed boys secretaryship will 
elect subjects offered in the Boys Work Course and will take the pre- 
scribed subjects given in the Industrial Course. Graduates receive the 
Bachelor of Humanics (B. H.) degree. 

Railroad Secretaries 

The largest work done in industry by the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation in America is among the men engaged in transportation. Two old 
and efficient Railroad Associations are located at Springfield under the 
direction of able secretaries. With the new subjects in industrial problems 
now offered, the College is well equipped to train men to become railroad 
secretaries. Graduates receive the Bachelor of Humanics (B. H.) degree. 

Welfare Directors 

Adequately prepared men are demanded in increasing numbers by manu- 
facturing plants and department stores to fill the responsible positions of 
directors of personnel. Officers serving in this capacity are variously 
termed industrial relations managers, welfare directors, directors of per- 
sonnel, labor managers, employment managers, etc. A number of Spring- 
field graduates are serving in this capacity in important concerns in this 
and foreign countries. The College is offering a four-year course to high 
school graduates and a one year course to college graduates, experienced 
secretaries and mature men now holding subordinate positions in industrial 
relations departments. The subjects in Labor Problems, Business Adminis- 
tration, Public Hygiene, Personnel Administration, etc., are especially de- 
signed for men wishing to become Welfare Directors. Both the Bachelor 
of Humanics (B. H.) and the Bachelor of Physical Education (B. P. E.) 
degrees are conferred on graduates preparing for this type of service, 
depending upon whether they major in the Secretarial or Physical Course. 
College graduates can earn the Master's degree in one year. 



75 



Outline of Technical Subjects 

49. Economic History of Modern Europe 

Professor Schwenning, Junior year, fall term, three hours per week, 2 
semester hours. 

This course deals with the important industrial transformations which 
were instrumental in shaping the Europe of today in its economic, social 
and industrial phases. The more important subjects include agriculture, 
industry and commerce before the industrial revolution; the industrial 
revolution and its spread to continental Europe; the resulting transforma- 
tions in commerce, industry and society and similar topics. 

Text-book: "Economic Development of Modern Europe," Ogg. Assigned 
readings. 

50. Industrial History of the United States 

Professor Schwenning, Junior year, winter term, three hours per week, 2 
semester hours. 

In this course the origin and growth of the forces which have contrib- 
uted to America's becoming a great commercial and industrial power 
will be studied. Types of agriculture and industrial products, the develop- 
ment of transportation facilities, etc., will be discussed. 

Text-book: "Economic Development of the United States," Lippincott. 

51. Labor Problems 

Professor Schwenning, Senior year, spring term, three hours per week, 2 
semester hours. 

In this course the rise and development of trade unions and employers' 
associations is traced and a study is made of their form, objectives and 
programs. Industrial relations, shop committees, individual and collective 
bargaining, labor legislation, the social effect of strikes and lockouts, child 
labor, unemployment and similar problems will be studied. 

Text-book : "An Introduction to the Study of Labor Problems," Watkins. 
Speakers representing both labor and management will be brought in to 
address the class. 

52. Personnel Administration 

Professor Schwenning, Senior year, spring term, three hours per week, 2 
semester hours. 

This course is designed primarily for men desiring to connect directly 
with an industrial plant as industrial relations manager or welfare director. 
A careful study is made of the principles and methods of managing men. 
Among the topics presented are the following: 



76 



(1) Methods of selecting workers. 

(2) Training and promotion of employees. 

(3) Health and safety. 

(4) Personnel research. 

(5) Joint relations. 

(6) Service work. 

(7) Payment methods. 

(8) Sources of labor supply. 

(9) Labor turnover. 

(10) Hours and time factors. 

(11) Profit sharing plans. 

(12) Cooperative activities. 

Text-book: "Personnel Administration," Tead and Metcalf. Labor mana- 
gers from the industries of Springfield and near-by cities cooperate in 
presenting this course. 

53. Association Industrial Work 

Professor Schwenning, Senior year, winter term, three hours per week, 2 
semester hours. 

The following topics will be discussed in detail in this course : 

(1) The historical development of the industrial work of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, including the important transportation phase. 

(2) The fundamental principles and the philosophy underlying all forms 
of Association industrial activities. 

(3) An analysis of the Association industrial field. 

(4) Methods with reference to : 

(a) General administration. 

(b) Religious service in industry. 

(c) Educational service in industry. 

(d) Health and recreation in industry. 

(e) Social and economic service, in industry. 

(f) Americanization, etc. 

(5) Survey of Association industrial work in foreign countries. A 
large share of the lectures in this course are given by our visiting faculty, 
which represents the Association's leaders in the industrial work. 



77 



Physical Education Course 

Faculty 

Doctor McCurdy, Director; Physical Diagnosis, Administration 
Professor Berry, Associate Director; Physiology, Gymnastics, Athletics, 

Physiology of Exercise 
Professor Affleck ; History of Physical Training, Hygiene, Anthropome- 
try, Aquatics 

Professor Hickox; Mathematics, Physics, Gymnastics, Athletics 
Professor Otto; Anatomy, Play Organization, Gymnastics, Athletics 
Professor Betzler; Massage, Corrective Gymnastics 
Professor Wade; Chemistry 

Professor Brock; Director Normal Practice, Gymnastics, Athletics, Admin- 
istration 

Professor Judd; Gymnastics and Athletics, Varsity Gymnastic Team Coach 
Tutors 

E. F. Abercrombie, Aquatics, Soccer, Gymnastics 
O. J. Adams, Rugby, Gymnastics, Track 

F. W. Allen, Aquatics 

H. W. Anderson, Wrestling 

W. P. Ashbrook, Gymnastics, Track 

G. H. Aylsworth, Physiology, First Aid, Gymnastics, Baseball 
W. H. Ball, Aquatics 

F. L. Bauer, Track 

P. W. Bean, Rugby 

C. Beukema, Rugby, Aquatics 

H. N. Bockoven, Canoeing 
J. H. Burr, Soccer 
Minous Cannon, Aquatics 
S. F. Chang, Soccer 

W. B. Chase, Soccer, Gymnastics, Track 
F. J. Civiletto, Rugby 
E. C. Converse, Track 

A. J. Danielson, Gymnastics 
H. H. Davis, Soccer, Track 

B. S. Dillenbeck, Aquatics, Gymnastics 

C. A. Emmons, Aquatics 
H. F. Fisher, Track 

P. J. Fuhr, Gymnastics 

H. W. Gordon, Anatomy 

W. M. Hall, Pianist 

W. A. Hamm, Rugby, Gymnastics 



7S 



C. V. Hereon, Gymnastics 

L. E. Hutto, Physics, Chemistry 

H. C. Johnson, Gymnastics 

J. T. Laidlaw, Gymnastics 

L. W. LaBree, Track 

F. S. Lloyd, Soccer, Gymnastics, Track 

A. L. Lorenz, Rugby, Gymnastics 
L. T. Ludwig, Gymnastics 

F. R. McClumpha, Track 

W. R. MacDonald, Rugby 

H. L. MaLette, /^watomy, Gymnastics, Baseball 

J. O. P. Manherz, Mathematics, Aquatics, Gymnastics 

F. M. Maynard, Baseball 

J. S. Merriman, Rugby, Baseball 

L. A. Miller, Gymnastics 

B. F. Mooney, Rugby, Gymnastics 

A. L. More, Soccer, Gymnastics, Track 

H. A. Mountain, Soccer 

H. L. Munson, Aquatics, Baseball 

E. G. Norrfeldt, Baseball 

H. J. Nossek, Soccer, Gymnastics 
R. L. Novarine, Aquatics 
Raymond Oosting, Gymnastics, Track 
R. S. Pasho, Soccer, Gymnastics 
J. Pereyra, Soccer 

H. O. Pfaender, Gymnastics, Canoeing 

F. G. Read, Soccer, Gymnastics, Track 
M. A. Rector, Chemistry 

P. C. Reddick, Baseball 
A. E. Risedorph, Aquatics 

F. A. Robbins, Gymnastics 
H. W. Russell, Soccer 

L. H. Schafer, Soccer, Gymnastics 

G. F. Scouten, Gymnastics 

E. R. Seeders, Soccer, Gymnastics 

H. M. Shellenberger, Baseball 
M. E. Shepard, Aquatics 

F. M. Simmons, Normal Work, Soccer, Aquatics 
H. A. Smith, Pianist, Baseball 

L. G. Staley, Soccer, Gymnastics 

Frederick Staudenmayer, Gymnastics 

W. L. Stearns, Rugby, Gymnastics, Baseball 

W. C. Stevenson, Rugby 

J. B. Stoeber, Rugby, Gymnastics 

Robert Stone, Gymnastics 

R. A. Stout, Gymnastics 



79 

A. C. Sturm, Baseball 

T. H. Suvoong, Soccer 

S. S. Todd, Pianist 

C. V. Tousley, Track 

Herbert Walker, Gymnastics 

I. G. Walmer, Baseball 

A. L. Walsh, Soccer, Gymnastics, Baseball 

W. W. Watters, Rugby 

F. O. Westrup, Gymnastics 
E. F. Weygant, Track 

G. E. Zimmerman, Soccer, Gymnastics 



General Statement 

This teachers' course in physical education plans definitely to do two 
things : First, the course aims to give a thorough technical training in 
the theory and practice of physical education in all its branches. Second, 
the course endeavors to coordinate all the studies and activities in religious 
and physical education into a coherent whole which shall develop physical 
education leaders who are also the religious leaders and character build- 
ers of the adolescent youth. It aims to assist in the formation not only 
of a curriculum of instruction, but of a curriculum of activity related to 
health and moral development. 

There is no part of the country where athletics are more fostered, where 
the college athletic teams are better trained or where the local Young 
Men's Christian Associations are more vigorous in their physical work than 
in New England. 

The students visit the majority of the following named first-class gymna- 
siums during their course : The Association gymnasiums at Boston, Provi- 
dence, Cambridge, Holyoke, Hartford, New York, — Twenty-third Street, 
West Side, Harlem, — Brooklyn, Philadelphia; college gymnasiums — Har- 
vard, Amherst, Yale, Columbia, University of Pennsylvania ; New York 
Athletic Club; schools of gymnastics — Sargent Normal School, Wellesley 
College teachers' course. 

Nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be gained 
with so little expenditure of time and money. 

The fine gymnasium of the local Association affords illustration of a 
model work. A well organized course in physical training is conducted in 
the Springfield public schools. 

The location of the College upon Massasoit Lake furnishes an excel- 
lent opportunity for training in swimming, boating, canoeing and skating. 
A portion of the field is flooded and a rink constructed for ice hockey. 

The rise of the playground movement and the increased demands in 
recent years for physical directors for schools and colleges have led to 
the addition of a course in methods devoted to these departments. As 



so 



the playground work comes largely in the summer time many of the 
students are enabled to secure appointments for the vacation season. 

Men in the Sophomore, Junior and Senior years who have low physical 
practice grades are required to elect additional practice periods. 

Physical Education Theory 

The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall be able 
to make an intelligent examination of a person who comes to him for 
advice; that he shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food, 
clothing, sleep, work, exercise, and in general all those topics which are 
related to "living at one's best" ; to put men into the condition of highest 
vitality and effectiveness in any line is his first work. He must take into 
account the intimate relationships existing between body and mind and 
must understand their mutual effects. He must be able to make his gymna- 
sium and play fields places of real recreation as well as of body building. 

To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws 
(anatomy, physiology and hygiene). He must have a detailed knowledge 
of the effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He 
must know how to get men into the best condition for the performance of 
any physical effort (training). He must be acquainted with the funda- 
mental relations existing between a man's reproductive system and his 
bodily, mental and spiritual states (personal purity). He should know 
what to do in case of accidents (first aid to the injured). He must be 
able to make an intelligent examination of the heart, lungs and other 
organs (physical examination). He must know how to measure and test 
men and how to study these measurements in groups (anthropometry). 
He must know how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gym- 
nastics sent to him by physicians (prescription of exercise). He must 
have at his service the experience of those of the past (history, literature, 
philosophy of physical training). He must be perfectly familiar with all 
the work which he is to use or teach (gymnastics, athletics, aquatics, 
games, sports, etc.). He must be familiar with details of the management 
of the physical departments of the institutions with which he will probably 
be connected (Young Men's Christian Association, college, school, play- 
ground, recreation center, boy scouts, boys' club, church club). Each student 
prepares a working bibliography of the subjects in the course. Instruction 
is given in bibliographical methods. 

54. Anatomy 

Gross Anatomy. Professor Otto, Sophomore year, fall and winter terms, 
four hours per week, 6 semester hours. Gross anatomy of the body and 
its parts. The body as a machine. The course aims to give the anatomical 
knowledge basal to a thorough understanding of the mechanical problems 
in gymnastics, athletics and corrective gymnastics. This includes a study 
of the bones, articulations, muscles, muscle insertions, leverage, and of the 



81 

combined action of muscles and the mechanism of bodily movements. 
Demonstrations on individuals are conducted to illustrate the mechanical 
laws applied to gymnastic apparatus work and athletics. 

(a) Bones. A careful study is made of the bones of the body with 
special reference to muscular attachments. 

(b) Ligaments. A thorough study is made of the joints of the body 
including the synovial membranes, ligaments and muscular attachments 
with special attention to those joints most likely to be injured in athletic 
contests, such as the knee, shoulder and ankle. A careful study of flat 
foot is made. 

(c) Muscles. Muscles are studied with respect to their functions. 
Demonstrations and laboratory practice are conducted on the dissection of 
cats and on surface anatomy. 

(d) Animal Mechanism and Kinesiology. Skar Strom's "Gymnastic 
Kinesiology" is used as a text for this work, supplemented by special 
lectures, discussions and demonstrations, members of the class serving 
as models for illustrating the correct and incorrect way of doing exercises 
in calisthenics and in gymnasium apparatus work. For the latter purpose 
the class assembles on the gymnasium floor and the mechanical principles 
involved in fundamental exercises such as the upstart, uprise, body circles, 
giant circles, etc., are demonstrated. 

(e) Circulation. A study of the heart, arterial, capillary and venous 
system is made. 

(f) Digestive Apparatus. The alimentary tract is studied by demon- 
stration with cats and models. 

(g) Nervous System. Covers a study of the brain, spinal cord, the 
main nerve tracks and the sympathetic system. 

(h) Reproductive System. A thorough study of the reproductive 
system. 

Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

55. Mathematics and Physics 

(1) Algebra. Professor Hickox, Freshman year, fall term, three hours 
per week, 2y 2 semester hours. 

This course is intended to give the student insight into and acquaintance 
with mathematical analysis sufficient to enable him to do the later required 
work in the natural and social sciences. Review and advanced work are so 
blended as to build upon the foundation of high school mathematics an 
enlarged knowledge and technique in handling the computations and graphic 
representations of physical sciences and educational and social statistics. 
The student should have had a minimum of two and one-half years high 
school mathematics as a prerequisite. 

Text-books : "Introduction to Mathematical Analysis," Griffin ; "Advanced 
Algebra," Hawkes. 

(2) Physics. Professor Hickox, Freshman year, winter and spring 
terms, fours hours per week, 4 semester hours. 



82 

This course deals with kinematics, dynamics, statics, work and energy, 
friction, machines, kinetics, gravity, mechanics of fluids and gases, sound, 
heat, light and magnetism and electricity, as bases for anatomical and 
physiological studies and interpretations. 

The laboratory experiments and lecture demonstrations are especially 
arranged for mastering the basic principles and applying them practically 
in the field of physical education. The student is prepared to approach 
with better understanding his later work in body mechanics, hygiene and 
physiology of exercise. 

Text-book "Kimball's College Physics." 

Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

56. Chemistry 

Professor Wade, Sophomore year, four hours per week, 8 semester 
hours. The object of this course is to give the student a fundamental prepa- 
ration for the later study of physiology and hygiene in their relation to 
physical education and medicine. Lectures, recitations and laboratory work 
are carried on throughout the year. One year of secondary school chemistry 
is a prerequisite to admission to this course. 

(1) Advanced General Chemistry. Fall term. A rapid review of general 
chemistry with emphasis upon the non-metals and theoretical chemistry. 

Text-book : "A Course in General Chemistry," McPherson and Henderson. 

(2) Organic Chemistry. Winter term. The fundamentals of organic 
chemistry. 

(3) Special applications to physical education. Spring term. The chief 
emphasis is upon physiological chemistry. 

Laboratory fee, $8.00. Breakage deposit, $5.00. 

57. Modern Authors 

Mrs. Doggett, Senior year, winter and spring terms, two hours per week, 
2j4 semester hours. This course is designed as a study of those modern and 
contemporary English writers, poets, novelists and dramatists, who reflect 
the present tendencies in social, political and religious thinking, or who have 
especially influenced present thought. 

The method used is directed towards the cultivation of taste and the crea- 
tion of a genuine appreciation of art in literature. 

Text-book: "English Literature during the Last Fifty Years," Cunliffe. 

58. Physiology 

(1) Physiology. Professor Berry, Junior year, five hours per week, 
10 semester hours. The instruction consists of recitations, lectures and 
laboratory work. The viewpoint of the course is towards physiology of 
exercise and personal hygiene rather than medicine. It includes a study 
of circulation, respiration, digestion, absorption, excretion, metabolism, 
nutrition, animal heat, muscle, nerve, central nervous system and the special 
senses. 



83 



(a) Digestion, Metabolism and Dietetics. The chemistry of digestion 
as discussed under physiological chemistry is reviewed and its application 
to metabolism is pointed out. The modern point of view regarding nutrition, 
high and low protein diet, etc., is thoroughly discussed and its application 
to training table diet and athletic performance and modern sedentary life is 
pointed out. 

(b) Circulation. Study of heart rate, blood pressure and the physics 
of the circulation, laying the foundation for the study of the effect of 
exercise upon this function. 

(c) Respiration. Study of inspired and expired air and of its appli- 
cation to ventilation, etc. 

(d) Muscles and Nerves. The problem of contraction of muscle, the 
effect of temperature, fatigue, etc., upon the muscle curve and its relation 
to athletic performance. 

(e) Central Nervous System. Function of the brain, cerebellum and 
cord. 

(f) Special Senses. 

(g) Laboratory Practice. Laboratory practice is carried on illustrat- 
ing the above, students to devote three days per week to this work. Fee, 
$3.00. 

The major portion of the experimental work at present consists of studies 
of the effect of exercises of speed, strength, skill and endurance on circula- 
tion, muscle and nerve. The effect of exercises of speed, strength, skill and 
endurance on heart rate, pulse characteristics and arterial pressure is studied 
in detail. In the fatigue studies with the ergograph, three types of instru- 
ments are used, the weight ergograph (isotonic method), and the spring 
ergograph (isometric method). On days of laboratory work, an additional 
hour of class attendance is expected of the student. 

Text-books: Howell, "Text Book of Physiology"; Stewart, "Manual of 
Physiology and Practical Exercises." Collateral reading: Schafer, "Text 
Book of Physiology" ; Tigerstedt, "Lehrbuch der Physiologie des Men- 
schen" ; Hill, "Recent Advances in Physiology and Bio-Chemistry." 

(2) Physiology of Exercise. Professor Berry, Senior year, winter term, 
four hours per week, 3 semester hours. This course consists of lectures, 
laboratory work, the preparation of digests and recitations upon assigned 
subjects. Seven introductory lectures are given, showing the biological set- 
ting of the problems of exercise in their relation to the health of the indi- 
vidual and the race. The material for the lecture and recitation course 
is covered in part by the following books and periodicals. The required 
readings are starred, the others are recommended : *Tyler, Growth and 
Education" ; *Goddard, "Feeble-mindedness, Its Causes and Consequences," 
Chapters 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10; Goodman, "Blood Pressure," Chapters 1-4, 
inclusive; *Gulick, "Physical Education by Muscular Exercise"; *Drum- 
mond, "Ascent of Man" ; Walter, "Genetics" ; *Goldmark, "Fatigue and 
Efficiency"; *Cannon, "Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and Rage," 
Chapters 2, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15; Crile, "Origin and Nature of the Emotions"; 



84 



Stiles, "The Nervous System and Its Conservation," Chapters 8 and 9; 
Jordan, "War and the Breed" ; "Thomson, "Heredity." 

59. Hygiene 

(1) Personal. Professor Affleck, Sophomore year, fall term, four hours 
per week, 2 semester hours. Health from the standpoint of the individual's 
condition is largely a result of the care given the body. Special attention 
is given to the following processes and organs : 

(a) Digestion. Care of teeth, selection and preparation of food, dis- 
orders. 

(b) Respiration. Nose, common affections, adenoids, mouth breathing, 
throat, tonsils, care of voice. Chest and lungs, posture and shape of thorax, 
types of breathing. 

(c) Circulation. Effects of various types of exercise, oxygenation of 
blood. 

(d) Skin. Bathing, kind and effects. Clothing, various fabrics and 
weaves. Shoes, shape, etc. 

(e) Eye and Ear. Common difficulties, tests, glasses. 

(f) Brain and Nervous System. Fatigue, overwork, recreation. Nar- 
cotics and stimulants, precautions, sleep. 

Immunity. General vigor as condition of efficiency and precaution against 
disease. 

Text-books : "Personal Hygiene Applied," Williams ; "How To Live," 
Fisher and Fiske ; "Human Mechanisms," Hough and Sedgwick. 

(2) Public. Professor Affleck, Junior year, winter term, four hours 
per week, 2*4 semester hours. Health as influenced by individual's en- 
vironment. The chief topics given special consideration are : Water, 
public supply, purification, etc.; air and ventilation, impurities, methods 
of securing adequate supply; heating and lighting, requirements, adminis- 
tration ; disposal of sewage and other refuse ; soils, constituents and in- 
fluence ; communicable diseases and their prevention ; hospitals, quarantine, 
disinfection; climate; vital statistics. 

Text-books : "Practical Hygiene," Parkes ; "Treatise on Hygiene," Steven- 
son and Murphy; "Principles of Hygiene," Bergey; "Air, Water, Food," 
Richards and Woodman; "Practical Hygiene," Harrington; "Hygiene and 
Sanitation," Egbert. 

(3) School. Professor Affleck, Junior year, spring term, five weeks, 
four hours per week, V/\ semester hours. 

School hygiene is separately treated, including furniture, postural defects, 
growth and fatigue, the curriculum, playground, recesses, games, medical 
examination and defects. 

Text-books : "Hygiene of the School Child," Terman ; "Healthful 
Schools," Ayers, Williams and Wood. 

(4) Building. Professor Affleck, Junior year, spring term, five weeks, 
four hours per week, 1^4 semester hours. 



85 



The following are among the most important topics : Study of city, 
agencies and facilities existing for health and exercise, further needs, 
policy of Association, especially of physical department, as determining 
requirements of gymnasium, funds available for construction and main- 
tenance; location, size, relation of various features of physical department 
to each other and to other departments ; lighting, amount required, sources, 
kinds and expense of artificial lighting; heating, requirements of tem- 
perature, humidity, etc. ; methods, direct, indirect, various combinations ; 
heating and lighting plants ; ventilation, quantity of air required, methods 
of providing and distributing, removal of impure air ; details of plans, 
materials, construction, equipment and care of offices and examining rooms, 
bathrooms and fittings; natatorium, overflow, heating and filtering water; 
lockers, dressing and toilet rooms, main and auxiliary gymnasiums includ- 
ing running track and visitors' gallery, special rooms, e.g., handball, bowl- 
ing alleys, boxing, leaders' clubs, storage and supplies, etc.; janitorial 
methods. 

60. Anthropometry and Physical Examinations 

Professor Affleck, Junior year, fall term, four hours per week, 3 semester 
hours. Treated through lectures, discussions, digests, assigned readings 
and laboratory practice. 

(a) Historical. Origin of the science. Laws of human proportions. 
Sketch of military, college and public school anthropometry. 

(b) Values. Statistical and diagnostic value of measurements. Com- 
parative value of various kinds of anthropometric tables. Relative value 
and point of view for taking individual measurements. Comparative value 
and adaptation of various forms of strength tests — Intercollegiate, Kellogg's, 
Sargent's, etc. 

(c) Statistical Methods. The ideal, type, average, mean, probable 
deviation, probable error, etc., defined and discriminated. The whole process 
of construction of anthropometric tables is demonstrated to the student 
by practical problems in their actual construction. 

The generalizing and individualizing methods of observation. The abso- 
lute annual increase in growth and the relative annual increase. The 
correlation of anatomical and physiological tests. 

(d) Laws of Growth. Comparative growth in height, weight, lung 
capacity, strength, etc. Racial, seasonal and diurnal rhythms, including 
the whole discussion of acceleration and retardation of growth and assigned 
causes. Nascent periods, age of puberty, Bowditch's law, etc. Changes in 
growth produced by environment ; influence of exercise upon growth ; of 
disease ; of occupation ; nationality, etc. Physical basis of mental efficiency. 

(e) Types of Development. The typical college man, college woman, 
strong man, sprinter. American boys and girls. 

Text-books: "Manual for Physical Measurement" (Boys and Girls), 
Hastings; "Anthropometry and Physical Examination," Seaver; "Manual 
of Mental and Physical Tests," Whipple. 



86 

61. Physical Diagnosis, Prescription of Exercise 

Dr. McCurdy, Senior year, fall term, four hours per week, 3 semester 
hours. 

(1) Physical Diagnosis. Study of the appearances, conditions, defects 
and deformities likely to be met with in the examining room. Method 
of examining the heart, lungs, etc., to prepare the student to assume such 
responsibilities as may properly rest upon the physical director and to 
protect those who may come under his charge against unwise exercise and 
habits of life. 

(2) Prescription of Exercise. The adaptation of various forms of 
exercise to the needs of the individual. Exercise as affecting: 

(a) Form. The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for 
their restoration. Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering shoul- 
ders. ^Etiology of unevenness. Shoulder blades flattening against the 
trunk. The building up of small parts. The reduction of fat. Spinal 
curvatures. 

(b) Vitality. Special need of exercise during present civilization. 
Neurasthenia. Deficient nutritive ability. Relation of exercise to vitality. 
Exercise with reference to temperament. Large versus small dosage. 

(c) Disease. Congestions; hernia; constipation; cardiac weakness; 
cardiac insufficiency; partial paralysis; indigestion. The writing out of 
prescriptions to suit special cases. Strength tests as a basis for prescription. 

(3) Training. Preparatory to athletic competition. 

The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise 
intelligently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in 
the treatment of disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the 
general instructions of the physician, render them definite and carry them 
out effectively. The limitations of this treatment are carefully considered. 

Text and ref erence books : "Physical Examination and Diagnostic Anat- 
omy," Slade; "Medical Inspection of Schools," Gulick and Ayres ; "Medi- 
cal Examination of Schools and Scholars," Kelynack; "Health and Medi- 
cal Inspection of School Children," Cornell ; "Medical Inspection of Schools," 
Hogarth ; "Exercise in Education and Medicine," McKenzie ; "Occupational 
Diseases," Thompson. 

62. Corrective Gymnastics 

Professor Betzler, Senior year, fall term, three hours per week, 2y 2 
semester hours. An elective course in corrective gymnastics is offered to 
Seniors and other qualified men. The work consists of lectures and clinical 
practice covering the mechanical and functional difficulties encountered in 
school and college work. Students are taught the most recent and approved 
methods in conducting corrective clinics. Each student is required to pass 
an examination in both theory and practice. 



87 

63. Physical Education Administration 

Dr. McCurdy and Professor Brock, Senior year, spring term, seven hours 
per week, 3 l / 2 semester hours. 

The chief national organizations for the administration of physical 
activities are studied. This includes such organizations as the Athletic 
League of North America (Y. M. C. A.), the Amateur Athletic Union, 
the various intercollegiate Athletic Associations (faculty and student), 
the National Educational Association (physical section) and the North 
American Gymnastic Union. The object is to familiarize the students 
with the essential facts concerning the methods of administration in 
these organizations. The best methods of organization and administra- 
tion for local institutions receive careful attention. In the Young 
Men's Christian Association consideration is given to the organization 
of the physical department committee with the various subcommittees, the 
relation of these committees to the board of directors, to the general 
secretary and to the physical activities in organizations outside of the 
Association. This includes a study of the various forms of extension 
work. In educational institutions the methods of organization are studied. 
This includes public schools (elementary, grammar and secondary), pri- 
vate secondary schools, normal schools (state and private) and the colleges 
and universities. The administration of municipal gymnasiums is studied. 
The class considers the work of the officers of administration and instruc- 
tion, together with the personal qualities needed for successful work in 
the various branches of physical education. 

The essentials of a thorough business administration in relation to 
finances, to office management, to the methods of publicity and to the 
administration of the property receive careful attention. The admin- 
istration of the activities of the physical education department in gym- 
nastics, athletics and aquatics is studied. 

64. Play Organization 

With the remarkable growth of the playground movement and the 
excellent opportunities for service offered by this new phase of effort has 
come a demand for play leaders, trained and consecrated to the service 
of the people. The technical course includes several of the subjects pre- 
viously offered in the regular curriculum, to which has been added a series 
of special lectures and prescribed readings and practice. Throughout the 
entire course special attention is given to the literature of the subject, 
using as texts, "American Playgrounds," by Mero and "Playground Tech- 
nique and Playcraft," by Leland. A selected working bibliography is re- 
quired of each student. 

The outline follows : 

(1) Playground Methods. Professor Otto, Freshman year, spring term, 
four hours per week, ten weeks, 2 J /2 semester hours. This course is open 



88 

also to students in the secretarial department. In this course, which is 
intended to supplement those indicated below, consideration is given to the 
following : 

(a) Philosophy. Nature, function and need of play, theories of play, 
place of play in life and education, aims and spirit in conduct of play, 
age and sex differences in play, relation of play to work, need for play 
spaces and organized play in school, city, country. 

(b) Supervisory Organisations. Various types of agencies promoting 
the playground idea and supervising the work done, e.g., voluntary, edu- 
cational, municipal and the various combinations of these, trend towards 
municipal control, methods of publicity, printed matter, lectures, stereopticon, 
press reports, exhibits and festivals. 

(c) Construction and Equipment. Inventory of possible sites, system- 
atic study of city, basis of selection from possible sites, means of securing 
sites, e.g., donation, permission to use, lease, purchase, etc.; plan of 
ground and placing of various parts of equipment, equipment found more 
desirable ; landscape gardening, fences, surfacing ; outdoor gymnasium, men, 
women, dressing rooms; play spaces for children, sand courts, swings; 
athletic facilities, track, baseball, tennis, etc., aquatic facilities, wading, 
swimming, bathing; social facilities, assembly halls; educational facilities, 
reading rooms, branch libraries, classes, manual training, lectures; detailed 
specifications of plans and equipment for various types of playground, home- 
made apparatus, etc. 

(d) Administration. Conduct of activities; organization of working 
force, training of assistants, information and courses of greatest immediate 
use to instructors, stated conferences; conduct of the playground office, 
records and statistics ; purchase, care and repair of equipment and supplies ; 
discipline, rules, rewards, police, cooperation of children; most successful 
activities and their organization, daily program, special programs, exhibitions 
and festivals, excursions, tournaments and contests, leagues ; social gather- 
ings ; educational classes, story telling, manual training, dancing, athletic and 
gymnastic features, etc. Relationships to other agencies, e.g., homes, schools, 
boys' clubs, juvenile courts, settlements, Young Men's Christian Associations, 
institutional churches, etc. 

(e) History. Attitude of church fathers and educators to play; intro- 
duction and patronage of play spaces in Germany (Guts Muth, Jahn, 
Froebel), in England; beginnings in United States, Salem 1821, Charles- 
bank 1887, Philadelphia and Providence 1893, Chicago, Minneapolis, New 
York, Pittsburgh and Worcester 1896, Baltimore and Milwaukee 1897, 
Cambridge and San Francisco 1898, Brooklyn 1899, etc. ; types, e.g., sand 
gardens, school yards, municipal and park playgrounds, playgrounds for 
institutions ; bathing beaches and swimming pools ; details of growth in 
most advanced cities; playground legislation and statistics. 



89 

(f) Practice. Two hours per week are given to actual playing of games 
and participation in various other playground activities. 
Fee, $2.00. 

(2) Child Nature. Dr. Seerley. 

For details see Psychology — Physiological and Genetic, page 48. 

(3) Pedagogy. Professor Dawson. 

For details see Pedagogy and Religious Education, page 44. 

(4) Social Conditions of Neighborhood. Professor Cheney. 
For details see syllabus of course in Municipal Sociology, page 54. 

(5) Hygiene and First Aid. Professor Affleck. 

For details see outline of these subjects, pages 84 and 90. 

65. History and Principles of Education 

Professor Affleck, Sophomore year, fall term, three hours per week, 2 
semester hours. 

This course aims to give familiarity with bibliographical methods and 
with the literature bearing on the history of physical training, together 
with a working knowledge of library economy and facility in the use of 
the various sources of information offered by the library. Special attention 
is given to professionally technical magazines. From assigned collateral 
reading, each student is required to make frequent reports upon special 
themes relative to the development, nature, influence, etc., of the various 
historical types of physical training. 

(1) Ancient Period. Egyptian, Jewish, Greek and Roman, funeral 
games, periodic games, special attention to Olympic. Prize and honor 
systems, rise and influence of professionalism on Greek games. Motives 
and place of Greek physical training. Public and gladiatorial games of 
Rome, amphitheaters and circuses, baths, etc. 

(2) Medieval Period. Attitude of church towards the body. Divorce 
between natural and spiritual. Relationship of feudalism, rise and charac- 
teristics of chivalry. Knightly tournaments. 

(3) Modern Period. The renaissance, opinions and influence of writ- 
ings of Mercurialis, Rabelais, Montaigne, Luther, Locke, Rousseau. Work 
and influence of Basedow, Pestalozzi, Mulcaster, Guts Muths, Salzmann, 
Nachtegall, etc., with special attention to Jahn and Ling and their suc- 
cessors. History and type of physical exercise in England — -athletics of 
English schools and colleges. Olympic games as revived by Baron Pierre 
de Coubertin. Origin of important games, e.g., football, tennis, golf, 
cricket, etc. 

(4) The American Movement. Early interest at Round Hill, Harvard, 
Yale. Manual training movement in educational institutions. Revival of 
popular interest led by Dio Lewis, Beecher and others. Origin, develop- 
ment and types of physical training in colleges and universities. History 
and influence of the various normal training schools. Summer schools, 
conferences. Important organized and administrative bodies. American 



90 

Physical Education Association and its sections. North American Turner- 
bund, Amateur Athletic Union, Intercollegiate Association of United 
States, Athletic League of North America, Y. M. C A. Physical Directors' 
Society, Athletic Research Society. Special attention to the growth and 
present features of Y. M. C. A. and International Committee physical 
department. Work and influence of prominent leaders — Dio Lewis, Dr. 
Hitchcock, Dr. Sargent, Dr. Seaver, R. J. Roberts, Dr. Hartwell, William 
Wood, Dr. Gulick and others. Publications, American Physical Education 
Review, Triangle and Physical Education, Physical Training, Mind and 
Body, Posse Gymnasium Journal, etc. 

Text-book: "History of Physical Education," Leonard. 

66. Massage 

Professor Betzler, Junior year, fall term, four hours per week, 3 semester 
hours. 

This course consisting of lectures and clinical practice aims to perfect 
the student in the technical procedures of massage. The physiological 
effects and the therapeutic applications, especially in relation to the class 
of cases which come legitimately within the sphere of the physical director, 
e.g., muscle defects, dislocations, bruises, sprains, etc., are considered. 

Each student has supervised clinical practice and is required to pass ex- 
aminations both in theory and practice. 

67. First Aid 

Professor Affleck, Sophomore year, fall term, two weeks, four hours 
per week. 

This course offers in detail a consideration of cause, nature and treat- 
ment of bruises, wounds, burns, scalds, bites, sprains, dislocations, frac- 
tures, faints, shocks, hemorrhage, asphyxia, etc. ; nature and effects of 
poisons, antidotes, narcotics and stimulants; kinds and uses of bandages, 
dressings, antiseptics and disinfectants, emergency kits, etc. 

The purpose of both theoretical and practical work is to qualify the 
students to render efficient service in cases of emergency. 

Text-book: "Immediate Aid to the Injured," Morrow. 

Laboratory fee, $2.00. 

68. Physical Training Seminar 

Dr. McCurdy and Professors Berry, Affleck, Brock, Otto, Betzler and 
Hickox. A seminar is held on advanced work in physical training, at 
which there is presented original work done by the faculty, gradu- 
ate students and undergraduates and by other specialists. The seminar 
keeps abreast of the newer lines of physical training and is required 
of Junior and Senior students in the physical course and is elective for 
Freshmen and Sophomores. Junior credits, 1 semester hour. Senior 
credits, 1 semester hour. 



91 

Seminars, 1922-1923 

H. S. Curtis, Ph. D., Lecturer, Author, Consultant on Recreation, "Com- 
pulsory Play and Athletics." 

Student Theses, 1922-1923. 

Emilio Chiapella, "A Manual for Playground Directors." 
H. L. MaLette, "A Laboratory Manual of Anatomy." 
Julio Pereyra, "Graded Games for Schools and Playgrounds." 
M. A. Rector, "Emotional Albuminuria." 



Physical Education Practice 

The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and 
aquatics. A minimum of time is thus spent in practice of mere feats 
of strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the 
enthusiastic pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to the 
average man. Muscular strength and coordination are to be developed 
only so far as they increase vitality. Class rather than individual work is 
emphasized and the elements of recreation and moral discipline are sought. 
Physical education is rapidly evolving. The aim is to fit the student for 
the new movement rather than for the old. The progression in gym- 
nastics, athletics and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with thorough- 
ness. 

This course includes, in addition to instruction in the regular physical 
training branches, a carefully outlined course in normal teaching. The 
normal practice commences in the Freshman year and is continued through 
the four years for students in the physical course and through two years 
for students in the secretarial course. This work is divided into three 
parts: First, that in the pupil's own class; second, the normal practice 
classes; third, the work in the paid positions. The class normal practice 
is under the direct supervision of the instructors; for example, the Junior 
class in calisthenics is divided into several squads with a teacher in charge 
of each squad. This practice occurs regularly in addition to the course of 
lectures on pedagogy. A recitation course in gymnastic nomenclature and 
athletics rules is given in connection with each year's floor and field work. 
Each unexcused absence from class deducts one per cent from the theory 
or practice grade; e.g., fall athletic theory, indoor gymnastic practice. Two 
tardy marks count as an absence. 

In the paid positions fifty-five men are this year receiving practice and 
in additon are earning the whole or part of their expenses. 

69. Normal Practice Courses, I, la, II, Ha, III, Ilia, IV, IVa 

These courses include observation work in the various physical activities, 
practice teaching in gymnastics, athletics, aquatics and games, officiating 
and executive work in all these activities. 



92 



The Springfield high schools and the grammar schools use the College 
grounds as headquarters for their outdoor activities. The Sunday School 
Athletic League uses the College equipment and plant for both outdoor and 
indoor exercises. In addition to the instruction of the regular students, 
1,000 boys and young men receive instruction in the College gymnasiums 
and on the athletic fields. One hundred and seventy-five different men acted 
as leaders in 11,665 physical practice events, divided as follows: Baseball 
255, basket ball 1,800, football 156, soccer 351, gymnastics 2,352, boys' club 
993, track athletics 230, student tutors 3,237, hockey 15, swimming 2,276. 
As a result of this training, students are in demand as teachers, coaches and 
officials in Associations, schools, colleges and clubs within a radius of 
seventy-five miles. 

Practice teaching within the individual class under criticism and obser- 
vation work in Springfield and vicinity under the supervision of the class 
instructor are conducted by the class teachers as noted below. 

Normal Practice I, II, III, IV 

Normal Practice I. 

Freshmen, Professor Otto. 

Indoors. The class is divided into small sections for marching, free 
exercises and dumb-bells. Each section has an assigned leader who teaches 
the lessons suggested by the instructor, who later discusses the pedagogy 
of the lesson taught and calls the attention of the class to the principles 
and methods involved. 

Normal Practice II. 

Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

Outdoors. Men are assigned as officials in soccer and Rugby. 

Indoors. The class is divided into small sections. The appointed leader 
for each section has practice in teaching marching, calisthenics, including 
wands and Indian clubs by imitation and command, and practice in officiat- 
ing at games. One-half hour is later devoted to criticism and suggestions 
regarding such work. 

Normal Practice III. 
Juniors, Professor Judd. 

Indoors. Men are assigned to lead marching, calisthenics, apparatus 
exercises and games in their own or other classes. 

Normal Practice IV. 

Seniors, Dr. McCurdy, Professor Judd. 

The Seniors plan new work, subject to the criticism and suggestions of 
the class and the teachers. They are assigned observation and teaching 
practice outside their regular instruction periods. 



93 



Normal Practice la, Ila, Ilia, IVa 
Professor Brock 

Credits are allowed only when report slips are turned in within forty- 
eight hours after the work has been done. Men are encouraged to find 
opportunities for normal practice. Assignments are made preferably for 
work the student has found for himself. 

Normal Practice la. 
Freshmen, 20 points. 

Freshmen may elect 20 hours of practice teaching. 

Normal Practice Ha. 
Sophomores, 20 points. 

Assigned work with the various classes and leagues. 
The work is squad teaching and officiating. 

Normal Practice Ilia. 
Juniors, required, 30 points. 

Assigned work in teaching, officiating and coaching. 

Normal Practice IVa. 

Seniors, 30 points, elective and assigned work in teaching. 

Assigned work in the promotion, management and officiating of meets, 
in the organization of classes for various groups of boys and young men, 
and in individual work with special cases. 

70. Outdoor Work— Fall Term 

Graduates of accredited colleges take during their Junior year Sopho- 
more Rugby theory and Sophomore soccer theory and practice. Regular 
Junior and Senior work is taken during the Senior year. 

Rugby Football 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, eight weeks, three days per week. 

(a) Practice. Instruction is given in methods of handling the ball, 
including punting, in playing the various positions and in team play. Mini- 
mum tests — charging, punting 25 yards, handling punts, forward passing. 

(b) Pedagogy. This covers a thorough discussion of the playing 
rules for the current season, particularly from the standpoint of the player. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Hickox, eight weeks, three days per week, 
(a) Practice. Students are taught punting, drop place kicking, tackling, 

blocking, interfering and other fundamentals. They continue their team 
practice begun in the Freshman year in teams graded according to ability. 
Test — punting, drop and place kicking, tackling and blocking. 



94 



(b) Pedagogy. The rules are studied during this year from the stand- 
point of coaching and officiating. The theory consists of lectures and dis- 
cussions on the history and development of the game. It covers football 
fundamentals and discussion of the old and new game. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Hickox, eight weeks, two days per week. 

(a) Practice. The Juniors are assigned to practice in groups, according 
to their proficiency. 

(b) Pedagogy. Professor Hickox, two days per week. The men 
receive instruction and practice in officiating. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Hickox, two days per week. Men must elect 
Rugby or soccer. The development of strategy and methods of coaching 
receives careful consideration. Physical condition is studied in relation 
to individual and team development. This work is taken with varsity 
theory. Observation work is required. 

(5) Varsity team, Professor Hickox, faculty adviser and head coach; 
Professors Otto and Wade, assistant coaches. 

(a) Practice. Careful attention is given to the development and round- 
ing out of a team. 

(b) Pedagogy, is taken with the Seniors on the two days devoted 
to strategy. 

Soccer Football 

Eight weeks, two periods per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Judd. 

(a) Practice. The introductory work consists of the training of the 
judgment in locating the ball, then in controlling it by means of foot, body 
and head. This is followed by passing and running with the ball and de- 
velops into a combination of play. 

(b) Pedagogy. The classroom sessions consider the history and rules 
for the season, the value of the game from the standpoint of the player. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice. This consists of teamwork in the open field and later 
against opponents, the emphasis being placed upon passing and combinations. 

(b) Pedagogy. This consists of discussions of the individual duties 
of the players in each position, together with the function of the units, 
forwards and backs, especially in offense. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice. This consists in the perfecting of team playing, the de- 
velopment of strategy, use of signals and the essentials in coaching and 
officiating. 

(b) Pedagogy. This covers the interpretation of rules, the development 
of team playing, especially defensive, the essentials of coaching and in- 
struction concerning officiating. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) This consists of assigned work in connection with coaching the 
various units of a team, officiating, recording and criticising plays. 



95 



(b) Pedagogy. This is taken with the varsity team and consists of 
development of strategy, discussion and criticism of games played, essentials 
in conditioning, coaching and officiating. 

(5) Varsity team, Professor Affleck, faculty adviser and coach. 

The entire schedule is played in the fall term. 

(a) Practice. 

(b) Pedagogy. 

In addition to the work outlined for Seniors chief attention is given to 
the development of the team. 

71. Outdoor Work — Spring Term 

Graduates of accredited colleges take, during their Junior year, Junior 
track theory and practice and Junior baseball theory and practice. Regu- 
lar Senior work is taken during the Senior year. 

Track and Field Events 

Two days per week for six weeks. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Judd. 

(a) Practice. Starting and Sprinting. The class receives instruc- 
tion in the different styles of starting, with a discussion of the reasons for 
adoption or rejection of each style in sprinting, with a study of such 
points as body inclination, leg swing, leg drive, stride, reach and angle of 
feet. 

Running High Jump. The class notes the distance, speed and direc- 
tion of run for take off, the turning out of the toes, the crouch, the 
use of arms and back, the turn and the proper use of both the jumping 
and the swinging leg. 

Pole Vault. Instruction is given in the methods of carrying the pole 
during the run and take off, the distance and speed of the run, the relation 
of the grasp of the hands to the height of the cross bar, the distance of 
the pole and jumping foot from the cross bar, with the considerations 
which influence these distances, the time relations of the take off, pull up, 
slide, leg lift and turn. 

Shot Put. The student is taught the method of holding the shot, posi- 
tion of the elbow, of the feet in the circle, of the trunk and legs after 
the hop, the distance gained during the hop and the time of the arm thrust. 

(b) Pedagogy. The theory covers the pedagogy of the events taught. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Judd. 

(a) Practice. Hurdles. Instruction is given in the leg swing, stride, 
reach and angle of feet, the number of strides to first hurdle, the character 
and number of strides between hurdles, the methods of bucking hurdles, 
the time to cut down over a hurdle, the time to cut forward with the right 
leg, the abduction of the thigh and the eversion of the foot. 

Running Broad Jump. The class learns the best method of getting the 
take off, the distance of the first and second mark, the effect of the last 



96 



stride being too long or too short, the crouch, the position of the knees 
after the rise from the take off, the time of the forward thrust of the 
feet, etc. 

Hammer Throw, (a) Without turn. Instruction is given in the posi- 
tion of the feet, the plane of the circle, the pull of the body to balance the 
hammer, keeping the hammer behind the body and to the right, (b) With 
turn. The keeping speed of turn up to speed of hammer, the pivot on the 
left foot ; with the double turn the class notes the necessity of bringing 
the low point of the hammer nearer to the front, of keeping the first turn 
slow and the second rapid enough to keep ahead of the hammer. 

Discus. The class learns the position of the discus in the hand, the 
position of the feet in the circle, the methods of making the turn, keeping 
the throwing arm behind the body, of delivery and securing a good scale. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class studies the pedagogy of the events taught 
and the rules of athletic competition, including those of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, the Amateur Athletic Union and the Intercollegiate 
Athletic Association. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice. Javelin Throw. The class is taught the proper method 
of carrying the javelin, the grip, the throwing arm kept well back, point 
of the javelin in direct line, the reversal of feet and final release of the 
javelin. 

Running Hop, Step and Jump. The class learns the method of securing 
the take off, position of the body on the hop, distance of the step and the 
final effort in the broad jump. 

Standing High Jump. Instruction is given in the position of the body 
preparatory to the jump, the arm swing, the rock, the leg action, the bodily 
position over the bar and the dismount. 

Standing Broad Jump. Instruction is given in the position of the body 
preparatory to the jump, arm swing and heel raising, angle of the body, 
leg push, final leg swing for distance and vigorous arm action. 

440-yard Dash. Instruction is given to the class in securing the proper 
start, the dash for the first turn, track tactics, stride, and the final spurt 
to the tape. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class studies the pedagogy of the events taught. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice. The class reviews the various athletic events of the 
previous years and is given opportunity for specialization. Work is 
assigned in the promotion, management and officiating of games and meets. 

(b) Pedagogy. Students study coaching and discuss the common faults 
of competitors from the teacher's standpoint. The daily schedule of 
training for various events is studied. The management of athletic meets 
is considered. 

(5) Varsity track team, Professor Otto, faculty adviser and coach. 
Training for a series of meets with other colleges. 



97 

Baseball 

Six weeks, three days per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Mr. Aylsworth. 

(a) Practice. Three hours per week on work of the fundamentals — 
bunting, straightaway hitting, fielding, base running, base sliding, etc., 
team practice. 

(b) Pedagogy. Professor Berry. One hour per week spent in a careful 
study of baseball rules, scoring, theory of batting and bunting. 

(2) Sophomores, Mr. Aylsworth. 

(a) Practice. Three hours per week. Continued practice in the funda- 
mentals, but more time spent on development of team play. 

(b) Pedagogy. Professor Berry. One hour per week. Review of 
rules and scoring, discussion of base running, position play and of the 
modern team game. 

(3) Juniors. Mr. Aylsworth. 

(a) Practice. Three hours per week. Offensive and defensive team 
work. Further development of team work with special practice of funda- 
mental offensive and defensive plays. 

(b) Pedagogy. Professor Berry. Further discussion of offensive and 
defensive team play, discussion of battery strategy, the training and coach- 
ing of teams and of organized baseball. 

(4) Seniors. 

(a) Practice. Mr. Aylsworth, three hours per week. Special training 
on defensive team work, development of team play and coaching. 

(b) Pedagogy. Professor Berry. Baseball symposium. 

(5) Varsity team, Professor Berry, coach and faculty adviser, Messrs. 
Aylsworth, Norrfeldt and Walmer, assistant coaches. 

One hour, four days per week. Theory and practice of the modern 
team game. Indoor practice as time permits, beginning in February. 
Preparation for regular schedule of the first and second teams. 

Tennis 

Professor Brock. 

Tennis has not as yet been organized as regular class work, except for 
the Senior secretarial men, but much interest is taken by the students in 
this sport. At least one annual tournament continuing for two weeks or 
more is conducted. 

The College tennis team meets frequently with representative teams 
from clubs and colleges of the city and vicinity. 

Canoeing 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Affleck, eight weeks, one day per week. 

(a) Practice. For this purpose the students are divided into groups 
and under supervision paddle on the lake in varying weather conditions. 
Special attention is given to bow and stern paddling, racing, single, double 



98 

and four paddle, tilting and other sports, loading, launching, carrying, 
righting and reentering from water, etc. 

(b) Pedagogy. Consideration is here given to canoes and boats — mate- 
rials, shapes, sizes, advantages and disadvantages of each, handling, launch- 
ing, landing, carrying, loading, care and repair, etc. Paddles — materials, 
shapes, sizes, uses, etc. 

For the storage of canoes, boats, etc., belonging to private parties or 
classes an annual charge of $2.50 is made. 

Camp Craft 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Affleck, eight weeks, one day per week. 

(a) Practice. The groups detailed for canoe practice land at Gerrish 
Grove and there practice under supervision the various phases of camping, 
including selection of sites, pitching and striking tents, building and ex- 
tinguishing fires, preparation of meals, participating in camp games and 
sports, nature study and woodcraft. 

(b) Pedagogy. Studies are conducted in organization and conduct of 
camps, including sites, equipment, daily programs of activity, individual 
outfits, side trips, nature study, cooking and serving meals, camp rules 
and regulations, camp "wrinkles," stories, etc. 

72. Indoor Work— Fall, Winter, Spring Terms 

Graduates of accredited colleges take during their Junior year five days 
per week with the Sophomore class. During their Senior year they take 
two days per week with the Senior class and three days per week with the 
Juniors. They are required to pass all tests. Varsity men in soccer and 
Rugby may be excused from fall gymnastics provided their grades war- 
rant it. 

Marching 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(a) Practice. Instruction is given in plain marching, special attention 
being paid to the best formations for handling large classes. Accuracy of 
movement, prompt response and good posture are emphasized; maze run- 
ning also receives attention. 

(b) Pedagogy. This includes the material covered in the "Manual of 
Marching" by Cornell & Berry. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice. Review of elementary marching and the practice of 
fancy marching. Practice is given in leading. 

(b) Pedagogy. A comparative study of the different books on tactics 
is made. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd. 

(a) Practice. A minimum of time is devoted to marching. Students 
are assigned for leading each day. 



99 



(b) Pedagogy. This includes discussions of the mistakes in com- 
mands and the pedagogy of command work in general. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Judd. Students are required to give definite 
lessons in marching as part of a day's lesson for classes in the Y. M. C. A., 
school and college. 

Calisthenics 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(a) Practice. Instruction is given both by imitation and by command. 
Emphasis is laid on hygienic work which permits large classes to be handled 
effectively. Roberts' "Home Dumb Bell Drill" and McCurdy's "Dumb 
Bell Drill" are taught as samples of hygienic work. 

Typical lessons for corrective, rhythmical and response work are given. 

(b) Pedagogy. The "Calisthenic Nomenclature" by McCurdy is used 
as the basis for theory work in nomenclature. The importance of correct 
posture is emphasized. The students examine types of exercises used 
for boys in the Young Men's Christian Associations, boys' clubs and in 
the public schools. These types are studied by personal observation in 
Springfield and an examination of the literature of such observation in 
Springfield, Cleveland, New York, St. Louis, etc. Three typical hygienic 
lessons for boys and three of the command type are required as a 
part of the examination. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock, nineteen weeks, five days per week, 
(a) Practice. The class is divided into groups for practice teaching, 

using both the imitation and command methods. Instruction is given in 
the wand drills by Gulick and by McCurdy and additional work with the 
steel wands and with bar bells. Class exercises with Indian clubs are 
given. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class reviews rapidly the work covered in the 
Freshman year in the "Calisthenic Nomenclature" by McCurdy. They 
study carefully the official nomenclature of the Young Men's Christian 
Association for all forms of calisthenics. Dr. Arnold's nomenclature 
is studied. Students study the work for boys of high school age in the 
Young Men's Christian Association and in the public and private secondary 
schools. This includes observation work and a study of the literature. 
Six typical lessons for adolescent boys are required as part of the exam- 
ination. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd, nineteen weeks, three days per week. 

(a) Practice. The work includes practice teaching in the class and 
assigned teaching outside the class. Instruction is given in Indian clubs 
and single sticks. 

(b) Pedagogy. This includes a study of the nomenclature with 
practical demonstrations by the class. The construction of series of ex- 
ercises for different groups of individuals receives attention. The class 
studies the exercises for men of college age and of adult life such 
as are found in the young men's and business men's classes of the Young 



100 

Men's Christian Association and in college classes for students and faculty. 
This study includes personal observation and a study of the literature. 

Text-books : "Official Nomenclature of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation" ; "Calisthenic Nomenclature," McCurdy; and reference literature. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Judd, twenty weeks, two days per week. 

(a) Practice. 

(b) Pedagogy. 

The order of development of the exercises for the individual lesson is 
studied from its physiological and pedagogical aspects. From the abun- 
dance of material the teacher must be trained to select those exercises 
which are scientifically correct and in addition those which have intrinsic 
interest in themselves. 

The lectures and recitations in calisthenic pedagogy discuss the common 
faults in teachers and the essentials of good teaching. 

The men review rapidly the work for elementary, secondary and adult 
pupils and assignments are made for additional study of the group on the 
basis of the interest of the student. 

Six typical lessons for business men, for professional men and for college 
students are required. 

Dancing 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(a) Practice. Instruction is given in elementary gymnastic dancing. 
This includes the elementary steps by McCurdy in Cornell & Berry's 
Manual and the general steps covered in "Gymnastic Dancing" by Davison. 
Some of the dances used are Carrousel, I See You, Shoemakers' Dance, 
Children's Polka, German Clap Dance, Danish Dance of Greeting, Ace 
of Diamonds, Washing Song, English Harvesters' Dance, Norwegian 
Mountain March, Irish Jig, Irish Lilt and Barn Dance. Instruction is 
given in simple dances adapted for elementary work and folk dancing for 
playground use. 

(b) Pedagogy. A discussion of the types of music most useful in 
gymnastic dancing. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice. Instruction is given in gymnastic and athletic dancing 
and in more advanced folk dancing. The chief dances used are Sailors' 
Hornpipe, Hebbert's Schottische, Hebbert's Polka, Zig Zag Four Step, 
Reap the Flax, The Oxen Dance, The Csardas Dance. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class discusses the fundamental dancing positions 
according to Zorn, Chalif and Perrin and the development of gymnastic 
dances for class use. Collections of dances are discussed, e.g., those by 
Crampton, Burchenal, Rath, Chalif and Davison. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd. 

(a) Practice. Instruction is given in English country dances, Morris 
dances, folk and character dances. Practice teaching of simple dances 
is included. 



101 

(b) Pedagogy. The place of gymnastic dancing in the curriculum 
is considered. The feminine and masculine types of grace are studied in 
their relation to types of dancing. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Judd. Dance building is studied. Observation 
work in Associations, schools and recreation centers is required. Dances 
taught during the previous years are reviewed. A few exhibition dances 
are also taught. 

Text-books : "Text Books of Dancing," Chalif ; "/Esthetic Dancing," 
Rath. 

Heavy Apparatus 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(a) Practice. Hygiene or organic work receives large emphasis. Ex- 
ercises allowing rapidity of approach, momentary support and quick retreat 
are used. A large number of exercises of moderate endeavor rather than 
a few of maximum effort are taught. The balance board is used 
with the mat exercises, the horse, buck and parallel bars to facilitate 
rapid approach. The course covers a large variety of elementary move- 
ments. The essential fundamental movements of intermediate difficulty 
are taught, including on the parallels from upper arm hang the upstarts, 
uprises and rolls, from stand at the end of bars, combinations of single 
and double circles with seats; on the side horse the circles (a) from floor 
to rest, (b) from floor to floor, (c) from rest to floor, (d) from rest to 
rest; on the long horse the back, flank and straddle vaults and mounts; 
on the low horizontal bar the back circles, knee circles and upstarts; on 
the high horizontal bar the knee upstart, knee circles, upstart. These 
intermediate exercises receive a minimum of time. The object is to give 
men who have had little gymnastic experience instruction which will enable 
them to work up outside of class the fundamentals of intermediate appa- 
ratus exercises. 

The chief purpose of the Freshman year is to teach a large variety 
of the rapid mass work which is adapted to the average class which the 
men will have to teach. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class discusses the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation's Official Nomenclature for the mat and apparatus exercises used. 
The colleges and secondary schools also use this nomenclature. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock, nineteen weeks, five days per week, 
(a) Practice. Intermediate exercises on the heavy apparatus are taught. 

The type is such as is ordinarily taught to intermediate and advanced 
classes, including the leaders' group. The athletic side of gymnastics is 
fostered rather than the slow exercises of strength where the body is 
held in static positions, e.g., levers. 

Some of the minimum tests indicate the character of the work. 

Parallel Bars. Upstarts from upper arm hang, shoulder stands, forward 
rolls, single and double circles on end of bar, single leg circles in center 
of bar. 



102 

Low Horizontal Bar. Short underswing upstart; short back circles mat 
to mat, mat to rest, and rest to rest, each with straight back; single and 
double knee circles front and back, front rest, squat vault dismount. 

High Horizontal Bar. Upstart, short back circle from floor to front 
rest and from rest to rest. Knee upstarts outside and between hands, 
changes from front to back rest, knee circles forward and backward, hock 
dismount. 

Side Horse. Front vault with back and arms straight, high side vault, 
single leg circles in both directions from front and back rest, side scissors 
in both directions, double back vault mount to cross riding seat. 

Long Horse. Mounts and vaults, back, front, squat and flank, rolls on 
croup and saddle. 

Mat Exercises. Throws and balances with one lying on mat, upstarts, 
head and hand springs. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class completes the study of the Young Men's 
Christian Association's Official Nomenclature. They examine the nomen- 
clature of the Germans as illustrated by Stecher's "German- American 
Gymnastics," Puritz' "Code Book of Gymnastics," and "Hints to Gym- 
nasts," by Harvy. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd, nineteen weeks, three days per week. 

(a) Practice. Instruction is given in progressive horizontal bar, paral- 
lel bars, pommeled horse, long horse, rings and in tumbling. The char- 
acter of the apparatus exercises is indicated by the following minimum 
requirements : 

(b) Pedagogy. Class discussions of the mechanical principles involved 
in apparatus exercises and their application to the methods of teaching, 
catching and assisting men in difficult movements. 

Seniors, Professor Judd, twenty weeks, two days per week. 

(a) Practice. Electives will be allowed. 

(b) Pedagogy. Methods of judging competitive apparatus are 
thoroughly discussed. 

Varsity gymnastic team. Professor Judd, faculty coach. 
The gymnastic team gives exhibitions during the winter season in the 
Young Men's Christian Associations, schools and colleges. 

Indoor Games 
(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice. The class receives instruction in the mass games 
adapted to large groups. The following were taught during 1916-1917: 
General Games: Spud, dodge ball, kick ball, volley ball, whip tag, three 
deep, bull in the ring, leapfrog games, squat tag, hand tag, circle tag ball, 
indoor baseball, playground baseball, fist ball, captain ball, nine count ball, 
horse and rider, indoor hockey, cross tag, catch and pull, cat and rat, 
chariot race. Racing Games: Three Indian club race, Indian club circle 
race, obstacle races, hopping race, basket ball relay, short relay, pushing 



103 

balls on the floor, other relay races of various sorts, scrimmage ball, schlag 
ball, battle ball. Students are taught to play basket ball. 

(b) Pedagogy. The rules of mass games are studied, using as a 
basis Chesley's book of "Indoor and Outdoor Gymnastic Games," Part I, 
"The Y. M. C. A. Army and Navy Athletic Handbook" and Bancroft's 
"Games." The basket ball rules for the current season are studied from 
the standpoint of playing and officiating. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice. The class practices the games adapted for smaller classes 
as illustrated by the material in Part II of Chelsey's "Indoor and Outdoor 
Games." They review the best mass games. Instruction is given in basket 
ball, indoor baseball, volley ball, indoor hockey, indoor soccer, scrimmage 
ball, hang ball, handball, team relays and bowling. 

(b) Pedagogy. The rules for the games used in Chesley's book, Part 
II, are studied. In basket ball coaching and officiating are emphasized. In- 
struction is given in the rules of indoor baseball, handball and volley ball. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd. 

(a) Practice. Each student is required to teach a number of games 
suitable to use with the different groups found in Y. M. C. A.'s, schools, 
clubs, etc. 

(b) Pedagogy. This consists of a discussion of the relative values 
of the various types of games covered during the four years. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Judd. The development of indoor team games. 

Group Contests (Interclass) 

Interclass contests are arranged in Rugby football, soccer, basket ball, 
ice hockey, baseball, tennis, indoor and outdoor athletics and the hexath- 
lon. These matches are used not merely to determine class championships, 
but to train the men in correct methods of conducting meets. 

The Seniors do not compete in these meets, but serve as officials. 

Group Contests (Intercollegiate) 
These contests include games with the leading educational institutions 
of the East — Yale, Harvard, Princeton, Columbia, West Point, Amherst, 
Massachusetts State College, Wesleyan, Trinity, Tufts, and with many of 
the neighboring Young Men's Christian Associations — New York, Brooklyn, 
Albany, Schenectady, Pittsfield, Dalton, North Adams, Providence, New 
Bedford, Norwich, etc. The games in the various schedules are kept down 
to a minimum number. The contests are arranged chiefly on the College 
holidays to eliminate conflict with the theory course. 

Regulations for Uniform for Indoor Work 
( 1 ) Sleeveless and long sleeve jerseys, worsted, navy blue, neck and arm 
openings of approved size. On the breast, with its base five inches from 
the neck opening, an equilateral triangle, five inches on each side, of felt 
one inch wide. 



104 

(2) Trousers, navy blue with three-quarter inch white braid stripe on 
outside seams ; foot loops of elastic. 

(3) Belt, one and one-quarter inch black leather with nickel buckle. 

(4) Shoes, black leather. 

(5) White coat sweater. 

No numerals, emblems or other ornaments, except the College team 
emblems, are to be worn on the sweater. The sweater is not required, but 
the only kind allowed is as described. 

All materials, styles, etc., must be submitted to the costume committee, 
Professor Affleck, chairman, for approval before being worn on the gymna- 
sium floor. 

Swimming and Diving 
Group assignments are made from each class for instruction in swim- 
ming. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice. Individual instruction is given in practicing the various 
strokes so as to secure confidence and reasonably correct form in the 
breast, side and back strokes, in diving, plunging, treading water, floating, 
etc. 

Minimum Tests. 

Diving for form, shallow, deep, back. 

Swim 100 yards using (a) breast stroke, (b) side stroke, (c) any other 
stroke. 

Swim 20 yards on back. 

Plunge for distance 24 feet. 

Float or tread water for one minute. 

(b) Pedagogy. During the season classroom sessions are held considering 
the general underlying principles, including buoyancy, floating, details in the 
various strokes, method of breathing, coordination of strokes and breath- 
ing, timing of strokes, standing and running dives, plunging, etc. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice. The practice follows the same general lines, water basket 
ball, the recovery of objects from the bottom, methods of transporting 
unconscious person in water and of resuscitation. 

Minimum Tests. 

Dive for form using any three other than those in the Freshman test. 
Swim 160 yards using four different strokes for at least 40 yards each. 
Swim on back 40 yards using two strokes. 
Plunge for distance 30 feet. 

Support for one minute unconscious person of same weight as self ; 
transport unconscious man 30 feet. 

(b) Pedagogy. In addition to the theoretical work of the Freshman 
year consideration is given to the rules of water polo and methods of 
life-saving and resuscitation. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Affleck. 



105 

(a) Practice. This consists of instruction and training in trudgeon 
and crawl strokes, under-water swimming, plunge for distance, relay and 
speed swimming, fancy diving from springboard — back, side, deep, shallow, 
swan, jackknife, handstand, back and front somersault, etc. Games in- 
cluding tag, leapfrog, water polo, water baseball, etc. Life-saving — 
approach, holds, breaks, methods of transportation and resuscitation. 
American Red Cross Life Saving Test is given. 

Minimum Tests. 

Diving from springboard for form using at least six different dives. 
Swim 200 yards using at least four strokes for at least 50 yards each. 
Swim on back 40 yards using for 20 yards (a) legs only, (b) arms only. 
Three methods of release and rescue ; tow or transport unconscious person 
of same weight as self 50 feet, resuscitation. 

(b) Pedagogy. Emphasis is here placed upon the finer and more ad- 
vanced features, methods of teaching, history of swimming, rules and events 
of competition, records of performance, etc. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice. Specialization is allowed in events which students elect. 

(b) Pedagogy. Assigned coaching and officiating are required. 
Fee, $5.00. 

Athletic and Defensive Credits 

Three athletic or defensive credits are required of each student before 
graduation. The student may elect to secure all of these credits in one 
activity. Each course in boxing, wrestling or fencing gives one credit. 
Membership on any varsity, school or second team through the playing 
season gives one credit. 

Defensive Exercises 

(1) Boxing, Messrs. Mooney and Miller. 

Individual instruction is given. Men who elect this course are expected 
to pass satisfactory examinations in the theory and practice of self-defense. 
Fee, $5.00. 

(2) Fencing, Professor Berry. 

Fencing is the most popular of the group of defensive exercises. Elec- 
tives are offered in the subject. Preference is given to upper classes when 
men are on the waiting list. Men are expected to pass as performers 
and teachers. Fee, $5.00. 

Varsity Team. A team is developed to compete against other colleges 
and Y. M. C. A. teams. 

(3) Wrestling, Mr. Anderson. 

Wrestling is taught with the idea of giving men a thorough knowledge 
of the various "holds." They are also examined on their ability to teach 
wrestling. Fee, $5.00. 



106 



Preparatory Course 

Conditioned students are coached in the following branches. This 
course aims to review the usual work given in a high grade high school 
in the subjects taught. Personal coaching is given to individual students. 

1. English 

Mr. Todd, three terms, five hours per week. The object of this course 
is to familiarize the student with the use of English. Much attention is 
given to personal instruction. The study of rhetoric and composition covers 
that given in a high school or academy. 

2. General History 

Professor Hyde, three terms, five hours per week. 

Text-books : "Outlines of European History," Vol. I, Robinson and 
Breasted. Vol. II, Robinson and Beard. 

3. Mathematics 

Mr. Manherz, three terms, five hours per week. The first part of this 
course is devoted to a review of advanced arithmetic. Algebra is then 
studied as far as quadratics and the last term is devoted to mastering the 
five books of plane geometry. 

The Text-books used are : "Grammar School Arithmetic," G. A. Went- 
worth, revised edition; "Elements of Algebra" and "Plane Geometry," re- 
vised edition, by same author. 

4. Physics 

Mr. Hutto, fall and winter terms, seventeen weeks, five hours per week. 
This work is conducted on the laboratory method and is devoted to a study 
of general physics. It seeks to prepare for the understanding of and research 
in subsequent studies in bodily mechanics and physiology of exercise. 

The text-book used is Milliken and Gale's "A First Course in Physics." 

Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

5. Chemistry 

Professor Hutto, winter and spring terms, eighteen weeks, five hours per 
week. Recitations and laboratory work in general chemistry, preparing for 
the college course of Sophomore year. 

Text-book: Brownlee and others, "First Principles of Chemistry." 
Laboratory fee, $3.00. 



107 



Summer School 

The Summer School, organized in 1919, is designed to give credit courses. 
Courses are offered in physical education and athletic coaching. Practically 
all work offered is of credit caliber, consists of double periods and gives 
credit for one term's work in the regular course. The course consists of 
five weeks, six days per week. In general the Summer School is planned 
to furnish courses in theory and practice for the following groups : 

(1) Y. M. C. A. Leaders and Physical Directors. Beginning with 
1923 a graded four year course leading to a certificate will be started. Men 
not desiring the regular course may elect in this course or in theory work 
or in the School of Coaching. 

(2) Public School Physical Directors. Beginning with 1923 a graded 
four year course leading to a certificate will be started. Men not desiring 
the regular course may elect in this course or in theory work or in the 
School of Coaching. 

(3) The School of Coaching. Practical courses in theory and practice 
of coaching the major sports, designed to aid coaches who wish more 
training and to assist teachers in high schools and academies who also 
coach some sport. 

(4) Regular Course Students. Courses are offered for regular 
course students desiring to make up back work or who wish by attendance 
upon three summer school sessions to shorten the regular course by a year. 
These courses are so arranged as to fit in to the regular College schedule. 
Students pay regular tuition and other fees according to the courses taken. 

(5) Springfield Alumni Working for Degrees. Courses are offered 
for graduates who are non-degree men which give definite credit 
towards the Bachelor's degree in Physical Education. Candidates for this 
degree should confer before May 1 by letter with the degree committee, 
Professor H. M. Burr, chairman, and secure a statement of the require- 
ments to be met. Candidates for the Master's degree of Physical Educa- 
tion may, by vote of the faculty, satisfy the requirement of the year of 
residence by attendance upon three summer school sessions and by satisfac- 
torily carrying full work therein. The thesis requirements may be worked 
up outside. A candidate for the Master's degree must have spent at least 
one year of residence in the regular College course and must possess the 
Bachelor's degree in Physical Education or satisfy the Committee that 
he has equivalent training. 



General Information 



1. Admission 

The College has a high standard for admission which is a test of per- 
sonality as well as intellectual ability. The College is open only to Christian 
young men, over eighteen years of age, who have already shown ability in 
the direction of the work for which they wish to prepare. Each applicant 
must be a member in good standing of an evangelical church, and if admitted 
is expected to unite and work with some church of his choice in this city 
within the first term after his admission. He should also be a man of 
leadership and physical vigor. 

2. Degrees 

Candidates for the Bachelor's degree must present a certificate of gradua- 
tion from a four years' course of an approved high school or academy. It 
is desirable that candidates for the physical course should elect in high 
school courses in English, French, German, mathematics, physics, chemistry 
and history. 

Candidates without high school certificates may be admitted under the 
following conditions : 

(1) They must present a certified list of subjects covered, with the 
grade in each; also the number of recitation periods in each subject. 

(2) One recitation period is to count one point. 

(3) The total number of points required is 2,880, after the plan of the 
Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York. 

(For a suggested outline of courses, see "Secondary Education, Bulletin 
658, Syllabus for Secondary Schools," published by the New York State 
Educational Department, Albany, N. Y. Price 25 cents.) 

(4) Candidates must pass examinations in English, mathematics and 
science 600 points, and in history 400 points. 

(5) The additional 1,880 points required are elective and are accepted 
on certificate. 

3. Requirements 

(1) College and technical school graduates may be given advanced 
standing if the president finds upon examination that they have satisfac- 
torily completed any subjects in the course for which they are registered. 

(2) All men enter the institution on probation. They are recognized 
as matriculated students only after they have satisfactorily completed one 
term's work. 



109 

(3) All students upon entering must pass a physical examination. Can- 
didates for the physical course should do this before coming to Springfield. 

(4) Business experience is most desirable for men entering the secre- 
tarial course. 

(5) Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before the 
opening of the College year (Wednesday afternoon, at four o'clock, Sep- 
tember 19, 1923), and all students are expected to be present at the opening 
exercises. 

(6) If at any time a student shows lack of the prerequisites for success, 
he will be dismissed. 

(7) No one will be enrolled as a student unless he is taking two hours' 
recitation work daily. Persons desiring less work may be admitted as 
visitors, but cannot be rated as students. 

(8) No student who is in arrears to the College or in debt elsewhere 
in Springfield will be graduated. 

(9) Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, September 17, 18, 19, will be de- 
voted to registration. A student who enters with conditions or upon exami- 
nation must make arrangements with the director of his department before 
the opening of College. 

4. Estimate of Expenses for the College Year 

The following table is based upon the experience of the past five years : 



Table board (Woods Hall, $6.00 per week), 


$228 


00 




$228 


00 


Furnished room with light and heat ($2.25 per week, 












38 weeks). A reduction of twenty-five cents 












per week if paid monthly in advance, 


85 


50 




85 


50 


Tuition, 


185 


00 




m> 


00 


Locker and towel fee, 


6 


00 




6 


00 


Boxing, fencing or wrestling, 


5 


00 


to 


10 


00 


^Gymnastic and athletic suits, 


25 


00 


to 


50 


00 


Laundry, 


25 


00 


to 


50 


00 


Text and notebooks, 


25 


00 


to 


40 


00 


Laboratory fees and supplies, 


10 


00 


to 


20 


00 


Class fee, 


1 


00 




1 


00 


Conventions, 


15 


00 


to 


25 


00 


tMembership in Student Association, 


20 


00 




20 


00 




$630 


50 




$720 


50 


Senior trip, 


30 


00 


to 


40 


00 


Junior trip, 


25 


00 




25 


00 


Diploma, 


5 


00 




5 


00 



* Students are advised not to purchase gymnastic or athletic suits before corning 
to the College, as the College has regulation colors and suits which all are expected 
to wear. 

t Students are expected to take out a membership in the Student Association and 
support its work. This ticket will admit them to the privileges of the city Associa- 
tions. 



110 

Tuition is payable for the first half at the opening of College and the 
second half on the last Monday in January. An additional charge of $10.00 
will be made for tuition for each half year unless paid in advance. There 
will be no refund of tuition for students leaving six weeks or more after 
the beginning of the fall term or six weeks or more after the last Monday 
in January. The locker and towel fee and all laboratory fees are payable 
at the beginning of the year. 

Room rent is payable promptly on the first day of each month and 
rooms can be held only upon this condition. A reduction of one dollar 
per month is made to students who comply with this condition. No reduc- 
tion of rent will be made to a student who engages a room and fails to 
appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his room less than a 
month before the close of the College year. Rent stops only when the room 
is vacated and the key returned to the office. A deposit of fifty cents will 
be required for each key. 

Each student lodging in the dormitory will care for his own room, 
which must be kept scrupulously clean. He will be expected to provide 
sheets, pillow slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single; pillows, 18 x 25 
inches. Rooms are liable to inspection. A student will be held responsible 
for any damage to College property affecting his room or any part of it. 

5. Eligibility 

(1) Application. The following regulations apply to students taking 
part in any public games and exhibitions as active participants, managers 
and assistant managers and do not apply to interclass, interclub or similar 
games and exhibitions. They apply also to the editorship of College publica- 
tions, membership in the student cabinet, presidency of the senate and to 
all competitors for these positions, including managership and assistant 
managership. They apply also to participation in elective normal work. 

(2) Occasion of Ineligibility. 

(a) Failure at mid-term in maintaining passing grade in three courses. 

(b) Conditions in more than three subject units, no more than two of 
which may be academic. 

(c) When a Senior is made a special student at beginning of winter 
term because of conditions. 

(3) Effect. Within one week after notification, suspension of any 
participant from any activity above stated. Operative for not less than 
two weeks. 

(4) Removal of Ineligibility. Only by obtainment of satisfactory final 
grade in conditioned course or courses. 

(5) Reports. Written report shall be made by each faculty member 
to the registrar twice each term. 

(a) All delinquent students at mid-term (exact date to be announced 
in advance by registrar). 

(b) All students within one week following close of term. 

(6) Notification. 



Ill 

(a) Ineligibility. Chairman of eligibility committee shall post list of 
ineligible men within the first three days at the beginning of each term 
and three days following mid-term reports, mailing same list to coaches 
of all teams and notifying in writing each ineligible man. 

(b) Reinstatement. The chairman of the eligibility committee shall, 
upon notification of the registrar of removal of conditions, remove name 
of student from ineligible list, notify coaches of all teams and give the 
student the eligibility certificate. 

(7) Enforcement of Regulations. By automatic action; by coaches and 
faculty advisers ; by entire faculty. 

6. Promotions 

Students are promoted by subjects. Failure to complete any term's 
work in any schedule subject at the end of such term is known as a condi- 
tion. A regular examination without fee will be held on the third Monday 
of each term for the removal of conditions. Unless a condition in any 
subject is removed before this work again occurs during the student's 
course, the subject must be repeated in regular course. 

7. Requirements for Graduation 

A semester hour is equivalent to seventeen lecture or recitation hours. 
Two hours of laboratory work are equivalent to one lecture or recitation 
hour. 

To be eligible for the Bachelor's degree a student must satisfactorily 
complete 124 semester hours in theory courses (i.e., non-physical practice), 
must acquire 250 honor credits and have attained a grade of "B" (i.e., two 
honor credits per hour) or higher in three-fourths of his semester hours 
each year. He must have attained an average of "B" or higher in first- 
year English. A thesis counts as a certain number of semester hours, 
determined by the head of the department and is graded in the same 
manner. 

A student is not permitted to raise a grade in a subject already com- 
pleted, except by repetition in class. 

A student who acquires 325 honor credits receives upon graduation his 
Bachelor's degree "With Praise," and one who acquires 400 such credits 
receives "With High Praise." 

In addition to the above the candidate must satisfactorily complete the 
requirements of his department in physical practice, and if in the physical 
education course, must attain an average of "B" in physical practice each 
year. 

If a student is conditioned in any subject he shall not receive a grade 
higher than "B" upon completion of same. 



112 



8. Grading System 

All grades are reported as A+, A, B+, B, C+, C, F or FF. These 
correspond approximately as follows : 

A+ 95-100. 
A 90-95. 
B+ 85-90. 
B 80-85. 
C+ 75-80. 
C 70-75. 

F Condition, with privilege of removal by examination. 

FF Failure, without privilege of removal except by repetition in class. 

Scholastic honor credits are given as follows for each semester hour 
completed : 



A+ 
A 

B+ 
B 

C+ 

c 



3/ 2 
3 

2/ 
2 

I/2 
1 



9. Cut System 

All cuts taken by students while actually representing the College in 
activities approved by the faculty are cancelled by their authority. All 
cuts are handled by the Deans' offices and treated as a whole instead of 
allotted to separate courses. 

Credit is given toward graduation for allowed cuts not used. 

The System. 

Each student is allowed eight cuts a term for all classes. 
A penalty of two-tenths of an honor credit for each over cut. 
A reward of two-tenths of an honor credit for each allowed cut not 
used. 

Cancellation of all cuts taken during specific periods of outside activity 
which the faculty has approved in advance. 



10. Faculty Control 

(1) Faculty Advisers. The chairman of the physical department com- 
mittee of the student Association will confer with the director of the 
physical department regarding general matters of policy in all physical 
activities. The director appoints faculty advisers for each sport who will 
advise with the coaches, managers and captains regarding the schedules 
and management of individual teams. Schedules become official only when 
they have been adopted by the faculty. 



113 

(2) Physical Condition. Teams are limited to men physically fit for 
the contest in which they wish to engage. Fitness is determined by the 
director after careful examination at the time of entrance. Additional 
examinations are made if any doubt exists as to physical fitness. 

(3) Outside Competition. Individual students or teams shall not enter 
competition on other than regularly organized college teams without the 
consent of the director from September 19 to June 13. 

11. Student Control 

(1) General Supervision. 

The physical department committee of the student Association has 
general supervision under the direction of the faculty of all varsity, Col- 
lege and class teams in competition. They may recommend to the faculty 
men competent as coaches for the various teams. If these men are outside 
the regular faculty, a deposit of an amount satisfactory to the faculty must 
be made with the College treasurer for the salary of the coaches. All 
salaries are paid by the College through its treasurer. 

(2) Major and Minor Teams. 

The football, baseball, gymnastic, track and basket ball teams are recog- 
nized as major teams. Soccer, hockey, boxing, swimming, cross country, 
wrestling and tennis at present constitute the group of minor teams. 



(3) Regulation Sweaters. 



Team 




Uniform 




Emblem 


Rugby football 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon S 


Baseball 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon S 


Gymnastic team 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon S 


Track 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon S 


Basket ball 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon S 


Soccer 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon aSf 


Hockey 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon hSt 


Boxing 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon bSt 


Tennis 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon tSt 


Swimming 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon sSt 


Wrestling 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon wSt 


Cross country 


White 


"V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon cSc 



(4) Team Emblems and Certificates. 

Team emblems and certificates are given by the student Association to 
those who make varsity. The varsity emblem consists of a six-inch block S, 
maroon in color. The minor teams have the same emblem with two-inch 
team letters on each side of the emblem. The second team emblem is a five- 
inch block S with the figure two inserted in it. The class numerals consist 
of three-inch block maroon numerals. 

Varsity emblems and certificates are given under the following condi- 
tions : 



114 

Varsity Emblems. 

Each team, with the exception of the gymnastic team, must have four 
recognized colleges on its schedule. 

The gymnastic teams shall have a schedule of not less than eight exhibi- 
tions and the individual must take part in all exhibitions. 

Minor Emblems. 

The team must have a schedule of at least four games. 

The individual must take part in at least two full or four half games. 

Class Numerals. 

These are awarded to freshmen according to the same rules governing 
the varsity team of the same sport. The freshman rule is strictly enforced. 

12. Self-Support 

Many of the students earn a portion of the expenses of the course 
either during vacation or by securing work in the city. The institution 
cannot undertake to find work for students in advance of their coming, but 
by letters of introduction, information and in other ways renders much 
assistance to students with insufficient means. A small loan fund, how- 
ever, has enabled quite a number of students to complete their courses. 
The income from the Foss Fund of $1,000 is also available for this purpose. 
A number find opportunity for work in connection with the buildings. 
Students are given positions as assistant teachers in the preparatory depart- 
ment, in the gymnasium and on the athletic field. A number secure posi- 
tions in neighboring Associations. Candidates for admission who have 
insufficient means are invited to correspond with the president. 

13. Student Organizations 

The College does not permit fraternities, brotherhoods or permanent 
social clubs. 

The Student Association 
The student Association is the great factor in student life. It fosters 
and administers the religious activities of the student body. It controls 
and administers all varsity and class athletics, the College dining-hall, the 
student cooperative store, the employment bureau, the literary societies, 
College dramatics, the musical clubs and all College social activities. The 
official organ of the student Association is the Springfield Student, pub- 
lished weekly. 

Participation in all student activities is dependent upon membership in 
the student Association. The annual fee of twenty dollars admits the mem- 
ber to all athletic contests, gymnastic exhibitions and entertainments 
without recurrence of further dues. This fee also includes subscription to 
the Springfield Student. 

All activities of the student Association must be carried on in harmony 
with the ideals of the College and subject to the approval of the president. 



115 

By vote of the trustees the annual budget and the appointment of permanent 
employees and coaches must be submitted to him for approval and expendi- 
tures must be audited under his direction. When not needed for College 
purposes, it has been the practice of the institution to allow the student Asso- 
ciation the use of Woods Hall and the athletic fields. The use of this 
property must be subject to the supervision of the College authorities. 

It is expected that every man will join the Association upon his arrival 
in Springfield. 

Senate 

Five seniors and four juniors compose this organization. 

Through the senate the student body is self-governing. It is responsible 
for the regulation of student conduct and customs. It is given the power 
to discipline and if necessary dismiss undesirable students. The actions of 
the senate must be carried on in harmony with the ideals of the College 
and subject to the approval of the president. Students who feel aggrieved 
have the right to appeal to the president. 

The senate has filled a great need in the student body and the experience 
of past years has shown the wisdom of having such an organization. 

Lee Literary Society 
This society, the oldest of its kind in the College, has accomplished 
much useful work. Since its inception it has striven to give thorough 
discipline in debate and in the proper conducting of the deliberative assem- 
blies. Through its regular weekly meetings its members are afforded an 
opportunity of acquiring that facility of speech and that clearness and 
force in the expression of thought and feeling which form such a valuable 
asset in after years. The Lee Society was named in honor of Henry S. 
Lee, one of the early benefactors of the College. 

McKinley Literary Society 
The McKinley Literary Society this past year has been of great service 
to its members for training in parliamentary law, public speaking and 
debating. The student critic work, giving the members an opportunity 
themselves of criticising the program, has been a success. The programs 
have been well planned and faithfully carried out, covering a wide range 
of popular subjects. The social life of the society, with evenings on the 
lake, canoe trips, camp suppers and the annual banquet in Woods Hall, 
keeps the members alive to the possibilities in their later work. Members 
of incoming classes are always welcome to the society's meetings and all 
are invited to join. 

The International Lyceum 
The Lyceum's existence has been most successful. Owing to the growth 
of the College, it was deemed advisable to increase the limit of member- 
ship to thirty-five. 



116 

The programs as in the past have been varied and of social and literary 
interest. The constitution has been revised and especial attention is being 
given to developing a knowledge of parliamentary practice, together with 
ease and fluency in speaking. 

The Lyceum extends to new students a most cordial invitation to become 
members of this society in the study of literature and of the art of public 
speaking so essential to Association men. 

The Philomathean Literary Society 

The Philomathean Literary Society has now been in existence for fifteen 
years and during this time its progress has been steadily advancing and 
the success of its teams in the intersociety debating contest has been of 
the highest. 

The purpose of the society is to develop the art of public speaking, 
to become familiar with parliamentary procedure and to stimulate an interest 
among its members for conducting business in a systematic manner. It is 
also the aim of the society to foster a fraternal spirit among its members 
and to assist in developing their social nature. The membership in this 
society is limited to twenty-five, that there may be a larger opportunity for 
development along these lines. 

The society meets each Monday evening during the College year. A 
cordial invitition is extended to all to attend any of its sessions and especially 
are all members of incoming classes invited to be present at its regular 
meetings. 

Weidensall Literary Society 

A voluntary organization of students for the study and discussion of 
rural life problems and literature and for personal development in char- 
acter and in facility and power in public debate. This literary society, 
while not limited in membership to county work men, gives its attention 
nevertheless to rural life topics. The society meets each Monday evening 
throughout the year and combines in its program the functions of a social 
organization, a literary society and a seminar. This society is affiliated 
with the federation of Collegiate Country Life Clubs. 

The British Society 

This society, composed of men from all parts of the British Empire, 
was formed some years ago with a view to keeping all its members in a 
close fellowship with each other and also for the promotion of a spirit of 
comradeship with the men of America while they are in this country. 
Since the formation of the society many of its members have gone out 
to do Young Men's Christian Association work in all parts of the world. 
In Australia, France, Russia, India, South Africa, England, Canada, Hawaii 
and many other places are to be found men who were former members of 
the society. 



117 

Various functions are held throughout the year, including the banquet to 
incoming men in the fall and a celebration in the country on May 24, 
Empire Day. 

College Musical Club 
The musical work of the College is described on page 49. The musical 
club, composed of glee, mandolin and guitar clubs and orchestra, is the 
organized means of expression for the musical talent in the College. With 
the rapid growth of the College a parallel standard of excellence is the 
goal of the club. The objectives are: To promote the interest in music 
within the College; to prepare students for serving musically in the secu- 
lar and religious work in the Young Men's Christian Association and to 
provide opportunity for service in the religious life of Springfield and 
vicinity. Those with musical ability are always welcomed within its ranks. 
Members receive recognition for faithful work in the form of a suitable 
emblem and certificate. 

College Dramatic Club 

Dramatics find a prominent place in the College and the plays presented 
by the students are of a particularly high order. Any member of the student 
Association may try out for a place in the cast of the various productions 
arranged by this department. The chairman of the Dramatic Club is 
appointed by the student Association and the committee is made up of the 
chairman and the four committee men. 

Entering students interested in dramatics should consult the chairman as 
soon as they arrive at the College. 

The Springfield Student 
The Springfield Student is the representative College paper, which was 
first issued in January, 1908, when it appeared in connection with The 
Association Seminar. In October, 1910, it became a separate publication. 
The purpose of the Springfield Student is accurately to represent the 
College in all its departments and to encourage the students in self- 
expression along literary lines. The paper is under the supervision of 
the student Association, but directly controlled by the editorial board, 
which consists of a staff partially elected and partially appointed. 

14. Contributions 

To maintain the work of the College on its present plane of efficiency, 
a yearly income of $100,000, aside from tuition fees and room rentals, is 
required. Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention 
if addressed to Laurence L. Doggett, President, and remittances may be 
made payable to Henry H. Bowman, Treasurer. 

The College has a partial endowment fund of $202,969, which has been 
contributed by friends of the institution during the past few years. 

This consists of the following funds : 



118 

Parmlee Memorial Fund $10,000 

Horace Smith Fund 45,000 

Horace Smith Loan Fund 5,400 

Russell Sturgis Memorial Fund 1,000 

R. R. McBurney Fund 3,000 

Henry S. Lee Fund 5,000 

F. M. Kirby Fund 5,000 

F. B. Pratt Fund 5,000 

Emerson Gaylord Memorial Fund 5,000 

Woods Hall Endowment Fund 4,600 

Mary R. Searle Library Fund 1,000 

Foss Student Loan Fund 1,000 

Frances Moody Memorial Fund 10,000 

Robert A. Harris Memorial Fund 1,000 

Edwin F. See Memorial Fund 2,500 

George W. Collord Student Loan Fund 1,500 

Theron H. Hawks Fund 500 

British Loan Fund 300 

Sherman D. Porter Fund 10,000 

Mary C. K. Preston Fund 1,600 

Edward P. Hitchcock Fund 5,000 

Edward W. Marsh Fund 29,000 

Colton Fund 3,000 

Zenas Crane Fund 5,000 

Daniel L. F. Chase Fund 2,255 

Elizabeth Gaylord Fund 2,000 

John McFethries Fund 2,000 

General Fund 36,314 



Total Endowment $202,969 

15. Bequest for Endowment 

I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, Springfield, Mass., the sum of 

to be safely invested by them and called the 

Fund, the interest of this fund to be applied to the use of the College. 

16. Perpetual Loan Fund 

For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, Springfield, Mass. [or any of 

its departments, if so stated], I hereby give the sum of 

— or its equivalent in good securities at cash value — to be safely invested 
by them, the income to be loaned toward the education of students who 
have already shown ability in the work of the College. 



Students 1921-1922 



Senior 


Glass (1922) 


Ablan, Pedro 


p 


Laoag, P. I. 


Adam, Albert Conrad 


p 


Hanover, Germany 


Aquino, Serafin 


p 


San Miguel, Bulacan, P. I. 


Bennett, Donald Graham 


p 


Worcester Mass. 


Bradley, Edward Russell 


p 


Atlantic City, N. J. 


Burns, Henry Leroy 


p 


West Haven Conn. 


Chase, William Bartlett 


s 


New Bedford Mass. 


Chattin, Joseph Glidden 


p 


Mountainside, N. J. 


Christian, Wayne 


p 


Reading, Pa. 


Clegg, Arthur Andrew 


p 


Mount Vernon N. Y. 


Confer, Harold Thorne 


p 


Yellow Springs, Ohio 


Davis, Clarence William 


p 


Hartford Conn. 


Davis, Frank Shepherd 


s 


Menlo Park Calif. 


Delano, Chester Kenneth 


p 


Plymouth, I^Iass 


Denny, Giles Maurice 


p 


Ivlexico N. Y. 


Diemer, William Sorber 


p 


Pottstown Pa. 


Downs, Myron Herbert 


c 


South Jamesport, N. Y. 


Eastwood, Floyd Reed 


p 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Ellinwood, James Vincent 


p 


Goldsboro N. C. 


Evans, Harold Mosely 


p 


Winthrop, Mass. 


Fitch, Cyril Edward 


c 


Riverhead N. Y. 


Ford, James Carroll 


I 


^Vashington, N. J. 


Ford, Judson 


p 


Ridgewood, N. J. 


Gemme, Arthur Lewis 


p 


Holyoke, Mass. 


Gramley, John Cornelius 


p 


San Diego, Calif. 


Graves, Charles Weaver 


p 


New London Conn. 


Graziani, Guido 


p 


Rome, Italy 


Haughey, James Patrick 


p 


Vineland, N. J. 


Heck, Esbon Elton 


I 


Holyoke, Mass. 


Hoercher, Frank Raymond 


p 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Hosley, David Grant 


p 


North Adams, Mass. 


Hulek, Edward Aloys 


p 


Hamilton, Ont. 


Hurst, James Bowden 


p 


Norristown, Pa. 


Husbands, LeRoy Clinton 


p 


Elizabeth, N. J. 


Huston, Leon Leroy 


p 


Lisbon Falls, Me. 


Kimball, Harold Lincoln 


c 


Waltham, Mass. 


King, Victor Emmanuel 


p 


Dover, N. H. 


Law, Joseph Samuel 


p 


Manchester, N. H. 


Leonard, Albert Shepard 


p 


Melrose, Mass. 



120 



Livingstone, Alfred 


P 


Paterson, N. J. 


Long, John Franklin 


I 


Jeannette, Pa. 


*Macomber, Roland Bryant 


P 


Wilton, Me. 


McCann, Edward Francis 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


McCarraher, John Dewey 


P 


Phoenixville, Pa. 


McCaskie, Kenneth Louis 


P 


East Orange, N. J. 


Merwin, John Demarest 


C 


Southold, N. Y. 


Miller, Norman J. 


P 


Hyde Park, N. Y. 


Moore, Edmund Halsey, Jr. 


P 


East Orange, N. J. 


Morrison, Daniel Kenneth 


c 


Newport, R. I. 


Nicholls, Cecil Philip L. 


p 


Newfane, N. Y. 


Offer, Alfred Benjamin 


B 


Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 


Osborne, William Terry 


P 


Port Jefferson, N. Y. 


Parker, Richard Wilbur 


S 


North Attleboro, Mass. 


Paul, Charles Albert 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Porter, John Bunyan 


s 


Hampton, Va. 


Pucillo, John 


p 


Newark, N. J. 


Quaas, Harry Loring 


p 


East Orange, N. J. 


Quinlan, Percy Hall 


p 


Needham Heights, Mass. 


*Redshaw, Albert Chester 


B 


New Brunswick, N. J. 


Rockhill, Lawrence Hunter 


P 


Lebanon, Ohio 


Romeo, Frank 


P 


Hammonton, N. J. 


Schaefer, Arthur Frederick 


P 


Cleveland, Ohio 


Simon, Carl Frank 


P 


Manchester, N. H. 


Starr, John Howard 


P 


New London, Conn. 


Steinhilber, John William 


P 


Carthage, N. Y. 


Stevens, Charles Everett 


P 


Walden, N. Y. 


Taraldsen, Earl 


P 


New York City 


Thompson, Herbert Arthur 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Thurmond, Felix Crofton 


C 


Houston, Tex. 


Towl, Forrest Milton, Jr. 


s 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Twist, LoRee Beecher 


B 


Morristown, N. J. 


Valdez, Antonio 


P 


Prospers, Yquitos, Peru 


Ward, Edwin Henry 


P 


Norwood, Mass. 


Watters, Leonard Alvyn 


P 


South Bend, Ind. 


Weaver, Chester Laurence 


B 


Washington, D. C. 


Wells, Marcus Belden 


C 


White Plains, N. Y. 


Whitney, Robert Earl 


P 


Syracuse, N. Y. 


Seventy-seven Seniors. 


Junior 


Glass (1923) 


Abercrombie, Edward Francis 


P 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Adams, Harold Gillet 


B 


Newton Center, Mass. 


Adams, Oliver Justin 


P 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Anderson, Harry Wright 


P 


Auburn, Neb. 


Aylsworth, George Hiram 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 



121 



Bahn, Jesse Richard S 

Bass, Kendall Dailey B 

Batchelder, Philip B 

Bauer, Fred Louis P 

Borst, Glenn Carl P 

Burr, John Harold, Jr. P 

Cate, Ray Borden P 

Chang, Sing Fu P 

Civiletto, Frank Jerry P 

Courtney, Walter Allen P 

Cranton, Herbert Samuel P 

Crooks, William James P 

Cross, Hartley William S 

Davis, Harry Hudson, Jr. P 

Decker, Morris Cleveland P 

Dillenbeck, Ben Stephen P 

Drennan, John Francis P 
Emmons, Cornelius Arthur, Jr. P 

Engleman, Harry August B 

Fisher, Harold Frederick P 

Fuhr, Percy John P 

Gibson, Thomas Allan B 

Heald, Maurice Elmer S 

Herron, Carl Vinton P 

Hoh, Gunsun P 

Kaiser, Armin Jacob C 

Lane, Russell Montgomery C 

Lash, Dale William P 

LeBrun, John Joseph S 

Lloyd, Frank Sydney P 

MaLette, Harry Lathaniel P 

Manherz, Jesse Omer Price P 

Maynard, Floyd Miles C 

Mazeski, Edward James P 

McClumpha, Francis Roy P 

McPherson, Donald Beach P 

Merriman, John Spence, Jr. P 

Miller, Lawrence Arden P 

Mitchell, William Henry, Jr. S 

Mooney, Bernard Francis P 

Moore, Clifton Robert P 

More, Arthur Louis P 

Mountain, Harold Augustus B 

Nossek, Harry Joseph P 

*01sen, Olaf Hoir P 

Pasho, Ralph Stanley P 



Binghamton, N. Y. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Peterborough, N. H. 
Auburn, Ind. 
Syracuse, N. Y. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Dresden Mills, Me. 
Shanghai, China 
Cleveland, Ohio 
Maynard, Mass. 
Brockton, Mass. 
Newark, N. J. 
Milaton, South Australia 
Morristown, N. J. 
Le Roy, N. Y. 
Dansville, N. Y. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Perth Amboy, N. J. 
Rockaway, N. J. 
Augusta, Me. 
Port Chester, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Newport, N. H. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Wai-an, Kiangsu, China 
Evansville, Ind. 
Riverhead, N. Y. 
Oil City, Pa. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
London, England 
Indianapolis, Ind. 
Waynesboro, Pa. 
Millers Falls, Mass. 
Hadley, Mass. 
Amsterdam, N. Y. 
Mitchell, S. Dak. 
Holyoke, Mass. 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
Princeton, N. J. 
Worcester, Mass. 
Taunton, Mass. 
Holyoke, Mass. 
Hamilton, Ont. 
New London, Conn. 
South Bend, Ind. 
Syracuse, N. Y. 



122 



Pereyra, Julio 


P 


Montevideo, Uruguay 


Pitts, Philip Samuel 


S 


Plattsburg, N. Y. 


Pucillo, Joseph 


s 


Newark, N. J. 


Read, Forrest Goodell 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Rector, Marshall Alfred 


p 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 


Risedorph, Allen Edward 


p 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 


Robbins, Francis Allen 


p 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Root, Joseph Henry 


p 


Kinsman, Ohio 


Savelle, Maxwell Hicks 


B 


Springfield, Mass. 


Seeders, Edwin Rowland 


B 


Hobbs, Md. 


Simmons, Frank Maitland 


P 


Richford, Vt. 


Song, Chin Foh 


P 


Shooshing, China 


Stacy, Leland Lorenzo 


B 


Wellesley, Mass. 


Staudenmayer, Frederick 


P 


Utica, N. Y. 


Stearns, William Lowell 


P 


New London, Conn. 


Stevens, William Gordon 


S 


Winnipeg, Man. 


Stone, Robert 


P 


Schenectady, N. Y. 


Stout, Ralph Albert Franklin 


P 


Reading, Pa. 


Suvoong, Thomas Housing 


P 


Shanghai, China 


Todd, Seymour Studley 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Walker, Herbert 


P 


Providence, R. I. 


Walsh, Aquila Lee 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Zimmerman, George Elwood 


P 


Big Pool, Md. 


Seventy-four Juniors. 



Sophomore Glass (1924) 



Allen, Arthur Albert P 

Allen, Fred William P 

Amann, Lawrence Carl P 

Ashbrook, Willard Pettitt P 

Barkman, Leon Barret S 

Barron, Hugh Chapman P 

Bearse, Vernon Burlingame P 

Beasley, Claude Newton P 

Beukema, Christian P 

*Beukema, John Henry P 

Bragaw, Elias Townsend P 

Cannon, Minous P 

Chiapella, Emilio P 

Clevenger, Leander Stanley C 

Clough, George Kenneth B 

Converse, Everett Chester P 

Dangerfield, Howard Jeremiah P 

Danielson, Andrew John P 

Davis, Frederick P 

Davison, William Thomas P 



Springfield, Mass. 
New York City 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Richmond, Va. 
Hackensack, N. J. 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
Hyannis, Mass. 
Conneaut, Ohio 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
New London, Conn. 
Perth Amboy, N. J. 
Montevideo, Uruguay 
Haddonfield, N. J. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 
New Britain, Conn. 
Chelsea, Mass. 
Albany, N. Y. 



123 

Deming, Walter Ennis P 

Duncan, Millard Stanley S 

Elbel, Clarence Adolph P 

Eldridge, Richard Bullen S 

Evans, Herbert Emlyn C 

Everts, Lester Grant P 

Finley, Otis Ezekiel P 

Forbes, George Robert P 

Galvin, John Henry S 

Gehrke, William Charles P 

Grassi, Agosto Hugo P 

Guyer, Henry Hall P 

Hall, Newell Pike P 

Hamm, William Albert P 

Hanson, Raymond Willis P 

Hart, Theodore Charles P 

Hoaglund, Conrad Hilding B 

Hosmer, Frank Howard P 

Johnson, Harry Charles P 

Kent, Willis Haines B 

Kiff, Frank H. Viele P 

Lang, John Gilbert P 

Lindsay, William Thomas P 

Lorenz, Alfred Lloyd P 

Loveland, Norman Stone B 

♦Lutfig, Paul S 

Lyman, Edward Winslow P 

McCollam, Robert Martin S 

Mc Court, George P 

McCutcheon, James Duff P 

Morresy, John Calvin P 

Munson, Harry Leonard P 

Murphy, Maynard Scott P 

Oosting, Raymond P 

*Parkhurst, Winslow Smith P 

Rasch, John P 

Reid, David Hector P 

Rodriguez, Tomas Benjamin S 

Russell, Harold Windlow S 

Sayles, Clarence Wilson P 

Schafer, Louis Herman P 

Scouten, George Frederick B 

Smith, Willard Nathaniel P 

Splete, Howard Henry P 

Staley, Leo Gordon P 

Stevenson, William Chipman P 



Farmington, Conn. 
Millbrook, N. Y. 
South Bend, Ind. 
Brockton, Mass. 
New York City 
Gardiner, N. Y. 
Akron, Ohio 
Fitchburg, Mass. 
Ludlow, Vt. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Montevideo, Uruguay 
Asbury Park, N. J. 
Wendell, Mass. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Washington, D. C. 
Fredonia, N. Y. 
New Britain, Conn. 
Greenfield, Mass. 
Dayton, Ohio 
Coatesville, Pa. 
Bath, N. Y. 
St. Thomas, Ont. 
Quincy, Mass. 
Woodridge, N. J. 
Bristol, Conn. 
Mersine, Cilicia 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Newark, N. J. 
Framingham, Mass. 
Jamestown, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Gloucester, Mass. 
Middletown, Conn. 
Hamilton, Ont. 
San Antonio, Texas 
Kane, Pa. 
Hornell, N. Y. 
Batavia, N. Y. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
South Hamilton, Mass. 
Cleveland, Ohio 
Johnstown, N. Y. 
Baldwinsville, N. Y. 



124 



Stone, Charles Sumner 


B 


St. Louis, Mo. 


Takeuchi, Deuchi 


C 


Hanapepe, Kauai, Hawaii 


Torrens, Robert Gassin 


P 


East Bloomfield, N. Y. 


Tousley, Charles Vernon 


P 


Burlington, Vt. 


Tyler, Ernest James 


P 


Cleveland, Ohio 


Vaughn, Homer Keith 


P 


Williamson, West Va. 


Vincent, Harry Leland 


s 


New Hartford, N. Y. 


Wall, Fred Taylor 


p 


Birmingham, Mich. 


Walmer, Irwin George 


p 


Myerstown, Pa. 


Watters, Warren William 


p 


South Bend, Ind. 


Wells, Linn S. 


p 


Wilton, Me. 


Westrup, Franklin 0. 


p 


Monterey, N. L., Mexico 


Wilson, Ira Sammons 


p 


Fonda, N. Y. 


Young, John Gilmore 


B 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Eighty Sophomores. 



Freshman Glass (1925) 



Aldrich, Theodore Dewey P. 


B 


Troy, N. Y. 


Anderson, Martin Richard 


P 


New Britain, Conn. 


Avery, Kleber Richmond 


P 


Hope Valley, R. I. 


Avey, Joseph Milton 


P 


Covington, Ky. 


Balentine, Warren Raymond 


S 


Coatesville, Pa. 


Ball, William Homer 


P 


Yonkers, N. Y. 


Banks, William Durr 


P 


White Plains, N. Y. 


Barnes, Wayne Clifton 


P 


Needham, Mass. 


Bass, Franklin McLain 


S 


Springfield, Mass. 


*Bausch, Alfred August 


P 


Holyoke, Mass. 


Beisaw, Clifford Joseph 


P 


Wilton, Me. 


Bockoven, Harold Newton 


P 


Morristown, N. J. 


Bohl, Linsey Timbrook 


P 


Plainfield, N. J. 


Bowers, William Horace 


P 


Mansfield, Mass. 


Brown, Harold Arthur 


P 


Amherst, Mass. 


Brown, Robert Lee 


P 


Utica, N. Y. 


Brown, Wallace McKinney 


P 


Chazy, N. Y. 


Bubier, Richard 


c 


Oakland, Me. 


Buchholtz, Frederick Hobson 


s 


New York City 


Bursey, Lester George 


p 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Chesley, George Luther 


B 


Concord, N. H. 


Clarke, Henry Harrison 


S 


Westfield, N. Y. 


*Claxton, Philip Harmon 


p 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


*Clearwater, Ross Anthony 


p 


Deposit, N. Y. 


Clowar, Lester Edward 


p 


Beacon, N. Y. 


Cole, Albert Hoisted 


p 


Paterson, N. J. 


Collins, Stanley Newcomb 


p 


Ware, Mass. 


Connors, Henry Eaton 


p 


Ludlow, Mass. 


Corbin, Milton Kenney 


S 


Hazardville, Conn. 





125 




Corliss, Theodore Roosevelt 


p 


Chicopee, Mass. 


Cornwell, Ellsworth Clarence 


c 


New Haven, Conn. 


Cowan, George William 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Crouch, Roger Wayland 


p 


Greenfield, Mass. 


Dantorth, Harold Russell 


T> 

r> 


Haverhill, Mass. 


Darling, Dewey Mason 


Jr 


South Bend, Ind. 


Dean, Charles Lee 


P 

Jj 


Til, "NT AT" 

Ithaca, JN. Y. 


d'Eca, Raul 


c 
o 


Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 


Dixon, William Templeman 


p 


St. Louis, Mo. 


Dodds, Archie 


p 

Jr 


1 roy, J\l . Y . 


Doerty, Walter LaFayette 


■d 
r> 


Findlay, Ohio 


Douds, Alton Calvin 


p 
r 


A 11 „. „ ^ AT A 7 

Allegany, N. Y. 


Eckerson, Walter Snow 


p 


1 1 1 '11 -\T AT 

Cobleskill, N. Y. 


Eggan, Francis Lynn 


p 


p _ „ „ \T "V 

Kome, JN. Y. 


Eisenbrown, Edward Resser 


p 


Reading, Pa. 


Ellinwood, Everett Heus 


p 


Goldsboro, N. C. 


Fenton, Thomas Joseph 


c 


Warren, Mass. 


Forbes, Lawrence David 


P 

Jr 


Sanford, Me. 


Fransen, Everett Arnold 


p 


Lynn, Mass. 


*Fuller, Howard James 


p 
P 


Fredonia, N. Y. 


Gannon, William Burnett 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Goerger, Harry Theodore 


p 

Jr 


Huntington, N. Y. 


Goetz, Arthur John 


p 


Monroe, Mich. 


Gordon, Harold William 


p 


Lake Forest, 111. 


Gorton, Albert Joseph 


p 

jr 


Grahamsville, N. Y. 


Granger, ^Valte^ Alley 


p 


Lynn, Mass. 


Gresens, Arthur 0. C. 


p 

jr 


Rochester, N. Y. 


t_t„ii fv~:i c 
riall, Uecii o. 


p 
Jr 


East Longmeadow, Mass. 


Hamilton, Ray Brodie 


p 

Jr 


Los Angeles, Calif. 


Hasbrook, Stephen Leaybron, Jr. 


p 

Jr 


Amherst, Mass. 


Hayden, Richard Frederick 


p 
Jr 


Deering, Me. 


Heidloff, Raymond Conrad 


p 

Jr 


Cleveland, Ohio 


Helberg, Harold Frank 


p 
Jr^ 


Springfield, Mass. 


Hinckley, Clyde Walter Lewis 




Cleveland, Ohio 


*Hirons, Harry Granthum 


p 

Jr 


Pawtucket, R. I. 


Huber, Carl Nicholas 


p 


Bath, N. Y. 


nun, xvoiiana lviowry 


p 

Jr 


Ithaca, N. Y. 


Hyde, Wallis Theodore 


c 


Watertown, N. Y. 


James, George Arthur 


p 

Jr 


Seymour, Conn. 


King, Edwin Harris 


p 

Jr 


Binghamton, N. Y. 


rvisiier, jndroiQ j-<ei\.oy 


p 


Allentown, Pa. 


Kline, Frank Huber 


c 
o 


Martinsburg, West Va. 


Laidlaw, James Thomas 


B 




Law, Gordon 


B 


Washington, D. C. 


LeVan, Jacob George 


B 


Mauch Chunk, Pa. 


Liljenstein, Oscar John 


P 


New London, Conn. 



Lilley, Ernest Arthur 
Loebs, Gilbert Frederick 
*Logie, Edward 
Ludwig, Lawrence Theodore 
Lyman, Burdette William 
MacCullough, Allison Verne 
MacDonald, William Ross, Jr. 
Mansfield, Wendell Doolittle 
Marts, William Pepper 
McElroy, Horatio Nelson 
Minott, Philip Henry 
Moore, Milton George 
Morgan, Ronald Berry 
Morr, Arthur Everett 
Nettleton, Edwin Martin 
Noble, Walker 
Nooney, Arthur James 
Novarine, Ray Leon 
O'Blenis, Roland Howard 
*0'Donnell, Thomas Francis 
Oliver, John, Jr. 
Osgood, Warren Elwin 
Paine, Stanley Clifford 
Parnell, Albert Augustus 
Pecoraro, Louis Aloycious 
Peterson, Frank 
Pfaender, Henry Oscar 
Phillips, Harry 
Pierce, Raymond Luther 
Pike, George Rogers 
Pomeroy, Wilbur Van Ness 
Poor, Harold 
*Pryor, Thomas Rexford 
Quimby, Perry Emerson 
Quimby, Rexford Clayton 
Ralls, Marshall Putnam 
Rau, John Frederick 
Reddick, Paul Christley 
Redding, William Duke 
Reeves, Henry Clay 
Rhodes, Herbert James 
Robbins, Everett Vaughn 
Roberts, Thomas Percival 
Rockefeller, Harry Caleb 
Rosa, Gerald Edward 
Sawyer, Frank Wilson 



126 




p 
jj 


Chicopee, Mass. 


p 

tr 


Evansville, Ind. 


■p 
tr 


Pontiac, Mich. 


p 

X 


Cleveland, Ohio 


p 


Ware, Mass. 


"D 
-D 


Worcester, Mass. 


p 

tr 


Dorchester, Mass. 


p 


New Haven, Conn. 


p 

x 


Montclair, N. J. 


p 


Monroe, N. Y. 


p 

tr 


Springfield, Mass. 


c 


JL,UQ10W, V t. 


p 


oiranorQ, ^jnt. 


p 


Auburn, Ind. 


Q 


Gardiner, l\ie. 


B 


Augusta, lVte. 


p 


Springfield, M!ass. 




x>rooKiyn, i\. x. 


p 

tr 


Englewood, N. J. 


p 

tr 


Holyoke, Mass. 


p 


lvit. xxoiiy, i\. j . 


p 


X ICdbdllU V111C, XN . X. 


p 


Worcester, Mass. 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


p 


P r^^lrUm "NT V 

x> rooKiyn, in . x . 


c 


rsrooKiyn, in. x. 


p 


Portland, Ore. 




Passaic, N. J. 


p 


Putnam, Conn, 


p 

tr 


Foxcroft, Me. 


p 

tr 


Dalton, Mass. 


p 
tr 


Plymouth, Pa. 


p 

tr 


ocnonarie, in. x. 


p 

tr 


Claremont, N. H. 


p 


j-jiLLieton, i\. xx. 


p 

tr 


Cleveland, Ohio 


p 

tr 


Allentown, Pa. 


tr 


Grafton, W^est Va. 


p 

tr 


Auburn, Me. 


p 

tr 


Vineland, N. J. 


p 

tr 


T1 • „ -vr v 
ilion, in. x. 


p 
X3 


Dixfield, Me. 


p 


Boston, lVIass. 


I 


West Springfield, Mass. 


P 


Binghamton, N. Y. 


P 


Lowell, Mass. 



127 



Schwartz, Roy Christian 


P 


LeSueur, Minn. 


♦Sears, H. Clifford 


P 


Kingston, N. Y. 


Segado, Asencio 


P 


Buenos Aires, Argentina 


♦Sheffield, F. Earle 


P 


Worcester, Mass. 


Shellenberger, Homer Melvin 


P 


Bradford, Ohio 


Shelton, Gould Abijah 


C 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Shepard, Maurice Everand 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


♦Sibley, Raymond Fenton 


P 


Keene, N. H. 


Sofield, Claude Wallace 


P 


Perth Amboy, N. J. 


Stahl, Chalmer Fayette 


P 


Bradford, Ohio 


♦Staniels, Earl Howard 


B 


Concord, N. H. 


Stegmaier, Charles Leroy 


P 


Plymouth, Mass. 


Stepan, Miles John 


C 


Cedar Rapids, Iowa 


Stoeber, John Bernhard 


P 


Reading, Pa. 


Stone, James Russell 


P 


Worcester, Mass. 


Sturn, Andrew Charles 


P 


Hartford, Conn. 


Sutherland, George Lyndsaye 


B 


Newport, R. I. 


Sylvester, Theodore Roosevelt 


P 


Revere, Mass. 


Symonds, Willis Gayton 


B 


Beverly, Mass. 


Taylor, George Alfred 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Tefft, Merton Chapman 


B 


Earlville, N. Y. 


Thomas, Walter Bronson 


P 


Carbondale, Pa. 


Torrey, John Allen 


B 


Springfield, Mass. 


Truman, Albert Ormond 


B 


Hamilton, Ont. 


Van Hine, Walter 


B 


Passaic, N. J. 


Ward, John Howe Robinson, Jr. 


P 


Norwood, Mass. 


Weaver, Grant Park 


B 


Camp Hill, Pa. 


Westbrook, Louis Frederick 


P 


Pontiac, Mich. 


Weygant, Everett Ford 


P 


Monroe, N. Y. 


Wheeler, George Daniel 


B 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 


White, Francis Lewis 


P 


Bradford, Mass. 


Williams, Carter Pearson 


P 


Norwich, Conn. 


Wojnowski, Eugene 


B 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Woodward, Arthur Baker 


S 


Springfield, Mass. 


Yannicks, John Michael 


S 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


Yutzler, Earnest Parker 


P 


Rome, N. Y. 


One Hundred Fifty-seven Freshmen. 


Preparatory Glass (1926) 


Berquist, Ivan Williams 


P 


Concord, N. H. 


Boy son, Raymond Young 


P 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Brown, Clayton Schiller 


P 


Staten Island, N. Y. 


Carter, Thomas Clarence 


B 


Ellington, Conn. 


♦Crawford, Earle Cranston 


P 


Haverhill, Mass. 


Cronin, Arthur David 


P 


Worcester, Mass. 



128 



Dixon, William Smith 




P 


Gloucester, Mass. 




*Freeland, Lamont 




P 


Westville, Conn. 




♦Gordon, Harry David 




P 


Allentown, Pa. 




Hammer, Frederick William 




P 


Rochester, N. Y. 




Harper, Roland Nelson 




P 


Springfield, Mass. 




Henderson, Thomas 




P 


Pawtucket, R. I. 




Howard, Kenneth Edward 




P 


Springfield, Mass. 




Ives, Franklin Janes 




B 


Pasadena, Calif. 




Juppe, Ralph Frederick 




S 


New York City 




Kakenmester, Edward Peter 




P 


Maspeth, N. Y. 




McKillop, William Howard 




P 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 




Newport, Howard Benjamin 




P 


Torrington, Conn. 




Noftle, Norman John 




P 


Chelsea, Mass. 




Perschke, Richard Reinhold 




P 


Springfield, Mass. 




Reed, Allan Crocker 




B 


Roxbury, Mass. 




Rudert, John Richard 




P 


Allentown, Pa. 




*Stickney, Maurice McKeen 




P 


Staten Island, N. Y. 




Tyrrell, Lewis Robert 




P 


Gloversville, N. Y. 




Wadlund, Victor Hillman Gabriel 


P 


Hartford, Conn. 




White, Edmund 




P 


Newport, R. I. 




Twenty-six Preparatory. 




Summary 1921-1922 




Secretarial 


County 


Boys Industrial Physical 


Total 


Seniors, 5 


7 




4 3 58 


77 


Juniors, 8 


3 




9 54 


74 


Sophomores, 9 


3 




7 61 


80 


Freshmen, 12 


7 




26 1 111 


157 


Preparatory, 1 






3 22 


26 


35 


20 




49 4 306 




414 


States Represented 




California, 


4 




Nebraska, 


1 


Connecticut, 


27 




New Hampshire, 


11 


District of Columbia, 


3 




New Jersey, 


36 


Idaho, 


1 




New York, 


96 


Illinois, 


1 




North Carolina, 


2 


Indiana, 


11 




Ohio, 


17 


Iowa, 


1 




Oregon, 


1 


Kentucky, 


1 




Pennsylvania, 


25 


Maine, 


14 




Rhode Island, 


7 


Maryland, 


2 




South Dakota, 


1 


Massachusetts, 


101 




Texas, 


1 


Michigan, 


10 




Vermont, 


4 


Minnesota, 


1 




Virginia, 


2 


Missouri, 


2 




West Virginia, 


3 



129 



Countries Represented 



Canada, 8 Hawaiian Islands, 1 

Argentina, 1 Italy, 1 

Brazil, 1 Mexico, 2 

China, 4 Peru, 1 

Cilicia, 1 Philippine Islands, 2 

England, 1 South Australia, 1 

Germany, 1 Uruguay, 3 



S Secretarial. 

C County. 

B Boys. 

I Industrial. 

P Physical. 

* Partial Course. 



Students 1922-1923 



Postgraduate 



Colcord, Elmer Danforth, A. A., 


S. T. 


B. 




S 


Springfield, Mass. 


Senior Glass (1923) 


Abercrombie, Edward Francis 


P 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Adams, Oliver Justin 


P 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Anderson, Harry Wright 


P 


Auburn, Neb. 


Aylsworth, George Hiram 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Bahn, Jesse Richard 


S 


Binghamton, N. Y. 


Bass, Kendall Dailey 


B 


Springfield, Mass. 


Batchelder, Philip 


B 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Bauer, Fred Louis 


P 


Auburn, Ind. 


Bronson, Elliott Pettibone 


C 


Winchester Center, Conn. 


Burr, John Harold, Jr. 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Chang, Sing Fu 


P 


Shanghai, China 


Chase, William Bartlett 


P 


New Bedford, Mass. 


Chiapella, Emilio 


P 


Montevideo, Uruguay 


Civiletto, Frank Jerry 


P 


Cleveland, Ohio 


Courtney, Walter Allen 


P 


Maynard, Mass. 


Cranton, Herbert Samuel 


P 


Abington, Mass. 


Cross, Hartley William 


S 


Minlaton, South Australia 


Davis, Harry Hudson, Jr. 


T> 

r 


Morristown, N. J. 


Dillenbeck, Ben Stephen 


P 


Dansville, N. Y. 


Drennan, John Francis 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Emmons, Cornelius Arthur, Jr. 


P 


Perth Amboy, N. J. 


Engleman, Harry August 


B 


Rockaway, N. J. 


Fisher, Harold Frederick 


P 


Augusta, Me. 


Fuhr, Percy John 


P 


Port Chester, N. Y. 


Gibson, Thomas Allan 


B 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Goodrich, Charles Lyman 


P 


Taunton, Mass. 


Heald, Maurice Elmer 


B 


Newport, N. H. 


Herron, Carl Binton 


P 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 


Hoh, Gunsun 


P 


Shanghai, China 


Kaiser, Armin Jacob 


C 


Evansville, Ind. 


Kitchibeyan, Boghos Abraham 


C 


Constantinople, Turkey 


Lane, Russell Montgomery 


C 


Riverhead, N. Y. 


Lash, Dale William 


P 


Oil City, Pa. 


*Law, Joseph Samuel 


P 


Manchester, N. H. 



131 



LeBrun, John Joseph 


S 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Lloyd, Frank Sydney 


P 


London, England 


MaLette, Harry Lathaniel 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Manherz, Jesse Omer Price 


P 


Waynesboro, Pa. 


Maynard, Floyd Miles 


C 


Millers Falls, Mass. 


McClumpha, Francis Roy 


P 


Amsterdam, N. Y. 


Merriman, John Spence, Jr. 


P 


Holyoke, Mass. 


Miller, Lawrence Arden 


P 


Pittsfield, Mass. 


Mitchell, William Henry, Jr. 


S 


Princeton, N. J. 


Moles, Burwell Oscar 


P 


Warrensburg, Mo. 


Mooney, Bernard Francis 


P 


Worcester, Mass. 


Moore, Clifton Robert 


P 


Taunton, Mass. 


More, Arthur Louis 


P 


Holyoke, Mass. 


Mountain, Harold Augustus 


B 


Hamilton, Ont. 


Nash, Willard Lee 


P 


Holt, Mo. 


Nossek, Harry Joseph 


P 


New London, Conn. 


Pasho, Ralph Stanley 


P 


Syracuse, N. Y. 


Pereyra, Julio 


P 


Montevideo, Uruguay 


Pitts, Philip Samuel 


S 


Plattsburg, N. Y. 


Pucillo, Joseph 


S 


Newark, N. J. 


Read, Forrest Goodell 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Rector, Marshall Alfred 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Risedorph, Allen Edward 


P 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 


Robbins, Francis Allen 


P 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Seeders, Edwin Rowland 


B 


Hobbs, Md. 


Simmons, Frank Maitland 


P 


Rich ford, Vt. 


Stacy, Leland Lorenzo 


B 


Wellesley, Mass. 


Staudenmayer, Frederick 


P 


Utica, N. Y. 


Stearns, William Lowell 


P 


New London, Conn. 


Stevenson, William Chipman 


P 


Baldwinsville, N. Y. 


Stone, Robert 


P 


Schenectady, N. Y. 


Stout, Ralph Albert 


P 


Reading, Pa. 


Suvoong, Thomas Housing 


P 


Shanghai, China 


Todd, Seymour Studley 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Walker, Herbert 


P 


Providence, R. I. 


Walmer, Irwin George 


P 


Myerstown, Pa. 


Walsh, Aquila Lee 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Zimmerman, George Elwood 


P 


Big Pool, Md. 


Seventy-two Seniors. 


Junior Glass (1924) 


Adams, Harold Gillet 


B 


Newton Center, Mass. 


Aldrich, Theodore Dewey P. 


B 


Victor, N. Y. 


Allen, Arthur Albert 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Allen, Fred William 


P 


New York City 


Amann, Lawrence Carl 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 



Arzrouni, Vrouir 
Ashbrook, Willard Pettitt 
Barkman, Leon Barret 
Barron, Hugh Chapman 
Bearse, Vernon Burlingame 
Beukema, Christian 
Borst, Glenn Carl 
Bullock, James Edwin 
Cannon, Minous 
Chang, Yuan Yuig 
Clevenger, Leander Stanley 
Clough, George Kenneth 
Converse, Everett Chester 
Danielson, Andrew John 
Davis, Frederick 
Deming, Walter Ennis 
Duncan, Millard Stanley 
*Dyer, Emmett Dwight 
Elbel, Clarence Adolph 
Everts, Lester Grant 
Finley, Otis Ezekiel 
Forbes, George Robert 
Furnadjieff, Vasil 
Graf, William Irving 
Granger, Walter Alley 
Grassi, Agosto Hugo 
Hamilton, Ray Brodie 
Hamm, William Albert 
Hanson, Raymond Willis 
Harsky, Joseph Edward 
Hoaglund, Conrad Hilding 
Hutto, Louis Edgar 
Johnson, Harry Charles 
Kent, Willis Haines 
*Kiff, Frank Herbert 
Kontner, Everett Reeves 
Lang, John Gilbert 
Lindsay, William Thomas 
Lorenz, Alfred Lloyd 
Loveland, Norman Stone 
McCollam, Robert Martin 
McCourt, George 
McCutcheon, James Duff 
Munson, Harry Leonard 
Murphy, Maynard Scott 
Norrfeldt, Eric Gustaf 



132 

P Cairo, Egypt 

P Richmond, Va. 

S Hackensack, N. J. 

P Pittsfield, Mass. 

P Hyannis, Mass. 

P Grand Rapids, Mich. 

P Syracuse, N. Y. 

P Rochester, N. Y. 

P Perth Amboy, N. J. 

P Kiangin, China 

C Haddonfield, N. J. 

B Springfield, Mass. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

P New Britain, Conn. 

P Chelsea, Mass. 

P Farmington, Conn. 

S Millbrook, N. Y. 

P Indianola, Iowa 

P South Bend, Ind. 

P Gardiner, N. Y. 

P Akron, Ohio 

P Fitchburg, Mass. 

S Sofia, Bulgaria 

P Stamford, Conn. 

P East Lynn, Mass. 

P Montevideo, Uruguay 

P Springfield, Mass. 

P Bridgeport, Conn. 

P Washington, D. C. 

P Odessa, Russia 

B New Britain, Conn. 

P Manhattan, Kansas 

P Dayton, Ohio 

B Coatesville, Pa. 

P Hammondsport, N. Y. 

P Nelsonville, Ohio 

P St. Thomas, Ont. 

P Wollaston, Mass. 

P Woodridge, N. J. 

C Bristol, Conn. 

S Springfield, Mass. 

P Brooklyn, N. Y. 

P Newark, N. J. 

P Jamestown, N. Y. 

P Rochester, N. Y. 

P New Britain, Conn. 



133 



Oosting, Raymond 


P 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 


Rasch, John 


P 


Middletown, Conn. 


Reeves, Henry Clay 


P 


Vineland, N. J. 


Reid, David Hector 


P 


Hamilton, Ont. 


Rodriguez, Tomas Benjamin 


S 


Mexico City, Mexico 


Russell, Harold Windlow 


S 


Kane, Pa. 


Sayles, Clarence Wilson 


P 


Hornell, N. Y. 


Schafer, Louis Herman 


P 


Batavia, N. Y. 


Scouten, George Frederick 


B 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Smith, Willard Nathaniel 


P 


South Hamilton, Mass. 


Staley, Leo Gordon 


P 


Johnstown, N. Y. 


Stoeber, John Bernhard 


P 


Reading, Pa. 


Stone, Charles Summer 


I 


St. Louis, Mo. 


Swartz, Melvin Myer 


S 


East Syracuse, N. Y. 


Takeuchi, Deuchi 


C 


Hanapepe, Kauai, Hawaii 


Tousley, Charles Vernon 


P 


Burlington, Vt. 


Watters, Warren William 


P 


South Bend, Ind. 


Westrup, Franklin Oliver 


P 


Monterey, Mexico 


Wilson, Donald Andrew 


P 


New York City 


Young, John Gilmore 


B 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Seventy-one Juniors. 



Sophomore Glass (1925) 



Allen, Homer Richardson 


P 


Concord Junction, Mass. 


Anderson, Martin Richard 


P 


New Britain, Conn. 


Avery, Kleber Richmond 


P 


Hope Valley, R. I. 


Avey, Joseph Milton 


P 


Covington, Ky. 


Balentine, Warren Raymond 


S 


Coatesville, Pa. 


Ball, William Homer 


P 


Yonkers, N. Y. 


Banks, William Durr 


P 


White Plains, N. Y. 


Barnes, Wayne Clifton 


P 


Needham Heights, Mass. 


Bass, Franklin McLain 


S 


Springfield, Mass. 


Bean, Perry William 


P 


Hartford, Conn. 


Bockoven, Harold Newton 


P 


Morristown, N. J. 


Bohl, Linsey Timbrook 


P 


Plainfield, N. J. 


Bowers, William Horace 


P 


Barrington, R. I. 


Brown, Harold Arthur 


P 


Amherst, Mass. 


Brown, Robert Lee 


P 


Utica, N. Y. 


Brown, Wallace McKinney 


P 


Chazy, N. Y. 


*Bubier, Richard 


C 


Oakland, Me. 


Bursey, Lester George 


p 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Chesley, George Luther 


B 


Concord, N. H. 


Clarke, Henry Harrison 


S 


Westfield, N. Y. 


Clearwater, Ross Anthony 


P 


Deposit, N. Y. 


Cole, Albert Hoisted 


P 


Paterson, N. J. 





134 




Collins, Stanley Newcomb 


r> 
r> 


Ware, Mass. 


*Connors, Henry Eaton 


P 


Ludlow, Mass. 


Corbin, Milton Kenney 




Hazardville, Conn. 


Cowan, George William 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Crouch, Roger Wayland 


T3 

r> 


Greenfield, Mass. 


Darling, Dewey Mason 


p 

Jr 


South Bend, Ind. 


Davidson, James Leon 


Jr 


Worcester, Mass. 


Dean, Charles Lee 


r> 
r> 


Athens, Pa. 


d'Eca, Raul 


c 
o 


Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 


Dixon, William Templeman 


Jr 


St. Louis, Mo. 


Dodds, Archie 


P 

Jr 


1 roy, JN. i. 


Eckerson, Walter Snow 


p 
Jr 


Cobleskill, JN. Y. 


Eggan, Francis Lynn 


P 


Rome, JN. Y. 


Ellinwood, Everett Heus 


p 


Goldsboro, N. C. 


Fenton, Thomas Joseph 


c 


Warren, Mass. 


Forbes, Lawrence David 


Jr 


Sanford, Me. 


Goerger, Harry Theodore 


Jr 


Huntington, N. Y. 


vjordon, Jriarolu William 


Jr 


Lake Forest, 111. 


Gorton, Albert Joseph 


P 


Ellenville, JN. Y. 


*xiall, Cecil bteeves 


P 


East Longmeadow, Mass. 


*Hasbrook, Stephen Leaybron, Jr. 


p 

Jr 


Amherst, Mass. 


Hayden, Richard Frederick 


p 
Jr 


Portland, Me. 


Heidloff, Raymond Conrad 


p 


Cleveland, Ohio 


Hinckley, Clyde W^alter Lewis 




Cleveland, Ohio 


Huff, Rolland Mowry 


P 

Jr 


ltnaca, in . x . 


Hyde, Wallis Theodore 


p 


w atertown, in . i . 


James, George Arthur 


Jr 


Seymour, Conn. 


Kennedy, Carr Foss 


T) 

r 


Augusta, Me. 


King, Edwin Harris 


p 
jr 


Binghamton, N. Y. 


xvisiier, naroiQ l^eivoy 


p 


Allentown, Pa. 


Jvo, biK Wai 


T) 

Jr 


Hongkong, China 


LaBree, Laurence Winthrop 


p 
jr 


Providence, R. I. 


Lagoudakis, Harry Glegoriou 


c 


Constantinople, Turkey 


Laidlaw, James Thomas 


r> 
r> 


Hamilton, Ont. 


LeBan, Jacob George 


r> 
p 


Mauch Chunk, Pa. 


Liljenstein, Oscar John 


Jr 


New London, Conn. 


Lilley, Ernest Arthur 


T> 

p 


Chicopee, Mass. 


Loebs, Gilbert Frederick 


T) 

Jr 


Evansville, Ind. 


*Lord, Clifton Eugene 


p 

Jr 


North B rooks ville, Me. 


Ludwig, Lawrence Theodore 


Jr 


South Euclid, Ohio 


Lyman, Burdette William 


B 


Ware, Mass. 


MacCullough, Allison Verne 


p 
p 


Worcester, Mass. 


]\IacDonald William Ross, Jr. 


P 


Dorchester Mass. 


Mansfield, Wendell Doolittle 


P 


New Haven, Conn. 


Marts, William Pepper 


P 


Montclair, N. J. 


Mason, Victor Lewis 


P 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 





135 




• AT 1 

McElroy, Horatio Nelson 


p 
Jr 


Monroe, N. Y. 


Morgan, Ronald Berry 


p 


oiranora, wnt. 


Morr, Arthur Everett 


p 


Auburn, Ind. 


Nettleton, Edwin Martin 


c 
o 


Gardiner, Me. 


Newport, Howard Benjamin 


T> 

Jj 


Torrington, Conn. 


*Nooney, Arthur James 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Novarine, Ray Leon 


r> 
Jj 


jnoins, in . l . 


O'Blenis, Roland Howard 


p 

Jr 


Englewood, N. J. 


Oliver, John, Jr. 


p 


A/ft T-TrJIv "M T 

lvit. jnony, in. j. 


*Osgood, Warren Elwin 


p 

Jr 


Pleasantville, N. Y. 


Paine, Stanley Clifford 


p 

Jr 


Worcester, Mass. 


Pashkovsky, Boris 


p 


San Francisco, Calif. 


Pecoraro, Louis Aloycious 


p 

Jr 


rsrooKjyn, in. i. 


Pfaender, Henry Oscar 


p 


Portland, Ore. 


Phillips, Harry 




Passaic, N. J. 


Pierce, Raymond Luther 


p 


Putnam, Conn. 


Poor, Harold 


p 
Jr 


Plymouth, Pa. 


Quimby, Perry Emerson 


p 


Claremont, N. H. 


Quimby, Rexford Clayton 


p 


Littleton, N. H. 


Rau, John Frederick 


p 


Allentown, Pa. 


Reddick, Paul Christley 


p 

Jr 


Grafton, West Va. 


Rhodes, Herbert James 


p 

Jr 


Ti • „ \t \r 

ilion, in. y. 


Robbins, Everett Vaughn 




Dixfield, jMe. 


Roberts, Thomas Percival 


p 


Boston, Mass. 


Schwartz, Roy Christian 


p 

Jr 


LeSueur, Minn. 


Sears, Henry Clifford 


p 


Kingston, N. Y. 


Segado, Asencio 


p 


Buenos Aires, Argentina 


Shellenberger, Homer Melvin 


p 


Bradford, Ohio 


Shelton, Gould Abijah 




Bridgeport, Conn. 


Shepard, Maurice Everand 


T 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Sibley, Raymond Penton 


p 
r 


V^—^ XT T T 

Keene, JM. Jtl. 


Smith, Harmon Allen 


p 

Jr 


New York City 


Stegmaier, Charles Leroy 


p 


Plymouth, Mass. 


*Stone, James Russell 


p 


W^orcester, Mass. 


Stull, Frederick Chapin 


p 


Torrington, Conn. 


Sturm, Andrew Charles 


p 

Jr 


Hartford, Conn. 


Sylvester, Theodore Roosevelt 


p 

Jr 


Revere, Mass. 


Symonds, Willis Gayton 


B 


Brockton, Mass. 


Taylor, George Alfred 


c 


Springfield, Mass. 


Tefft, Merton Chapman 


B 


t?„ _i 1 „ "\t v 
rLarlville, JN. i. 


Thomas, Walter Bronson 


P 


Carbondale, Pa. 


Truman, Albert Ormond 


B 


Hamilton, Ont. 


Van Hine, Walter 




Passaic, N. J. 


Ward, John Howe Robinson, Jr. 


P 


Norwood, Mass. 


Weaver, Grant Park 


B 


Camp Hill, Pa. 


Weygant, Everett Ford 


P 


Highland Mills, N. Y. 



136 



Wheeler, George Daniel 


B 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 


White, Francis Lewis 


P 


Bradford, Mass. 


Wojnowski, Eugene 


B 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Woodward, Arthur Baker 


S 


Springfield, Mass. 


Yannicks, John Michael 


S 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


Yutzler, Earnest Parker 


P 


Camden, N. Y. 


One Hundred 


Twenty 


Sophomores. 


Freshman Glass (1926) 


Abell, Edward Ellis 


P 


Westfield, Mass. 


Aldrich, Gerald Cassius 


P 


Victor, N. Y. 


Allard, William John 


B 


Tacoma, Wash. 


Allen, Donald Nelson 


P 


Friendship, N. Y. 


*Ames, Leroy Sylvester 


P 


Putnam, Conn. 


Bachman, Bert Paul 


P 


Hazleton, Pa. 


*Baird, Robert Stevens 


P 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


*Berlind, Frederick Robert 


S 


Springfield, Mass. 


Bermudez, Rafael 


P 


Havana, Cuba 


Berquist, Ivan William 


P 


Wakefield, Mass. 


Berry, Robert Theodore 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Berthelon, George 


C 


New York City 


Bond, Edwin Ephraim 


S 


Needham, Mass. 


Boyson, Raymond Young 


p 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Braden, Lewis 


p 


Oklahoma City, Okla. 


Brockner, Herbert Edward 


S 


Hackensack, N. J. 


Brooks, Walter Michael 


p 


Hyannis, Mass. 


Brown, Clayton Schiller 


B 


Staten Island, N. Y. 


Buckley, Alfred Edwin 


P 


Ware, Mass. 


Bugbee, Clarence Andrews 


P 


Wallingford, Vt. 


Burdon, Philip Henry 


B 


Gilbertville, Mass. 


*Buswell, Myron Otis 


S 


Nashua, N. H. 


Buxton, Bertram Moreland 


P 


Salem, Mass. 


Cammarn, Irven Harper 


P 


Columbus, Ohio 


Carter, Thomas Clarence 


B 


Northbridge, Mass. 


Chambers, Thomas Henderson 


P 


South Manchester, Conn. 


Claridge, Albert Steele 


P 


Haverhill, Mass. 


Coxwell, George Bernice 


P 


Montgomery, Ala. 


Crawley, Richard Francis 


P 


Montclair, N. J. 


Crocker, Mansfield 


P 


Osterville, Mass. 


Crosby, Fred DeForest 


P 


Phelps, N. Y. 


Davidson, Robert Francis 


P 


Wyoming, Pa. 


Davis, Richard Ion 


P 


Morristown, N. J. 


Detrick, Wallace Large 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Dixon, William Smith 


P 


Gloucester, Mass. 


Donley, Donald McLeish 


I 


Cleveland, Ohio 


Driscoll, Frank 


P 


South Orange, N. J. 



137 

Durr, Miles Harry B 

Edwards, Robert Marsh P 

Elliot, Robert Gray P 

Erickson, James Hildreth P 

Finn, William Shanks P 

Fish, Paul Sterling P 

Fowler, Lancelot P 

Fuller, Clifford Leroy P 

Gates, Jack McArthur P 

Genter, Arthur Earl P 

George, Roland James P 

German, Arthur Charles P 

Globisch, Emanuel Frederick P 

Grimes, Edward France S 

Grimshaw, William McKinley P 

Grinnell, Gerald Bernarr P 

Grunnagle, William Oliver P 

Hagberg, Abner August S 

Hall, Wayne Merriam S 

Hamlin, Harold Conant S 

Hamlin, Willard Chauncey P 

Hirst, John Lincoln S 

Hultman, John Russell P 

Ives, Franklin Janes B 

Jones, Harold William P 

Juppe, Ralph Frederick S 

Kakenmester, Edward Peter P 

Kitching, Norman Elwood P 

Klaubert, Carl Henry S 

Krum, Milton William P 

Ladd, Clement George B 

Lancaster, Richard Carlton S 

Lawton, Kenneth Van Zandt P 

LeBleu, Cornelius Moelyker P 

Leety, Clarence Philip P 

Leonard, Clarence Gilmer B 

MacLachlan, Clarence Hunt S 

Madan, Edwin Stanley P 

Marga, Theodore P 

Mathias, Chauncy Limbach P 

McClelland, Allan P 

McKillop, William Howard P 

Miller, Dudley Porter P 

Miller, Paul Edward P 

Morgan, Cecil Wentworth P 

Morse, Arthur Snowman P 



Utica, N. Y. 
Dixfield, Me. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Mittineague, Mass. 
Newark, N. J. 
Worcester, Mass. 
Whitinsville, Mass. 
Orange, Mass. 
Binghamton, N. Y. 
Schenectady, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Lebanon, Pa. 
Lancaster, Pa. 
Johnstown, N. Y. 
Hermon, N. Y. 
Gloversville, N. Y. 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Jamestown, N. Y. 
Meriden, Conn. 
Schenectady, N. Y. 
Binghamton, N. Y. 
Fairhaven, Mass. 
Eggertsville, N. Y. 
Pasadena, Calif. 
Newport, R. I. 
New York City 
Maspeth, N. Y. 
Sanford, Me. 
Manchester, N. H. 
North Tonawanda, N. Y. 
Royalton, Vt. 
Exeter, N. H. 
Troy, N. Y. 
Patchogue, N. Y. 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Lexington, N. C. 
Chesley, Ont. 
Berlin, N. H. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
New Philadelphia, Ohio 
Newark, N. J. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Plantsville, Conn. 
Lancaster, Pa. 
New Castle, Pa. 
Brockton, Mass. 



138 

Munson, Harold Depuy S 

Noftle, Norman John P 

Norrie, Lawrence Edward C 

Oates, John Wesley B 

Ott, Franklin Ernest P 

Perry, Harvey Edward P 

Perschke, Richard Reinhold P 

*Peterson, Roy Eugene P 

Poyer, Max Wayne P 

Preble, Howard William P 

Ratcliffe, Theodore Lincoln P 

Reed, Allan Crocker B 

Robbins, Herbert Alfred P 

Rogers, Fred Peckham P 

Rosencrans, Forrest Windfield P 

Ross, Hazen Albert B 

Rudert, John Richard P 

Russell, Lloyd Lynne P 

Saxon, Raymond Whitely B 

Schnaidt, Herbert Henry P 

Searl, Loren Rawson P 

Seidel, Raymond Walker P 

Sexton, Harvey Steven P 

Shafer, Ross Orville P 

Shanks, Henry Laird P 

Shaw, Elisha Hermann, Jr. P 

Shaw, Joseph Ernest, Jr. P 

Shuttleworth, Ira Vernon P 

Simonson, Clarence Frank P 

Sleeter, Charles Wesley S 

Smith, Ernest Banks P 

Smith, Gaylord Laurens B 

Snowden, Orra Harley P 

Spencer, Earle Sabin P 

Staniels, Earl Howard B 

*Stewart, Clinton Hazen P 

Tyrrell, Lewis Robert P 

Veith, Loran William S 

Vibberts, Charles Dana P 

Weatherall, Allan Beresford P 

Weeks, Hubbard Taylor P 

West, Wilbur Dickson P 

White, Edmund P 

White, William Carl P 

*Wilklow, Lloyd Vincent B 

Williams, Kenneth Adelbert S 



Ellenville, N. Y. 
Chelsea, Mass. 
Franklinville, N. J. 
Fall River, Mass. 
Dansville, N. Y. 
Newark, N. J. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Wilton, Conn. 
Williamsport, Pa. 
Ayer, Mass. 
Auburn, Me. 
Roxbury, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
North Troy, N. Y. 
Walden, N. Y. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Allentown, Pa. 
Derby, Conn. 
East Sangus, Mass. 
New Britain, Conn. 
Victor, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Deposit, N. Y. 
Phalanx, Ohio 
East Orange, N. J. 
Middleboro, Mass. 
Yonkers, N. Y. 
Portsmouth, N. H. 
Lynbrook, N. Y. 
Meriden, Conn. 
Whitinsville, Mass. 
Oneonta, N. Y. 
Covington, Ky. 
Putnam, Conn. 
Concord, N. H. 
Rumford, Me. 
Gloversville, N. Y. 
Meadville, Pa. 
New Britain, Conn. 
Southampton, Ont. 
Hardwick, Vt. 
Melrose, Mass. 
Newport, R. I. 
Stratford, Ont. 
Ellenville, N. Y. 
Auburn, N. Y. 




139 



Wilson, William Max 


P 


Buffalo, N. Y. 




Wohlers, Frederick Henry 


P 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 




Wylie, John Austin 


B 


Gilbertville, Mass. 




Zauche, Herbert Ernest 


S 


Dalton, Mass. 




One Hundred Thirty-three Freshmen. 




Preparatory Glass (1927) 




Adams, Harry Millison 


P 


Easton, Pa. 




Clark, Carroll Willard 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 




Fisher, Fred Gordon, Jr. 


P 


Red Bank, N. J. 




Gabriel, Victor Hugo 


P 


Melrose, Mass. 




Gilliam, James Herbert 


P 


Sewickley, Pa. 




Graham, Leland A. 


P 


Gladstone, N. J. 




Kiggins, Brooks Marrion 


P 


Syracuse, N. Y. 




Klambt, Fritz Ernest 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 




Lisk, Laurence Wallace 


P 


Rockville, Conn. 




McKinstry, William Frank 


P 


Southbridge, Mass. 




Morris, Sydney Arthur 


P 


New Haven, Conn. 




Murray, Charles Grover 


P 


Templeton, Mass. 




Nestle, Markalee Howard 


P 


Gloversville, N. Y. 




Pease, Charles Henry 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 




Pease, Herbert Oraine 


I 


Springfield, Mass. 




Ward, Frank Berwin 


B 


New York City 




Sixteen 


Preparatory. 




Summary 1922-1923 




Secretarial County 


Boys Industrial Physical 


Total 


Postgraduate, 1 






1 


Seniors, 7 5 




8 52 


72 


Juniors, 7 3 




7 1 53 


71 


Sophomores, 10 4 




21 1 84 




Freshmen, 18 2 




16 1 96 


133 


Preparatory, 




1 1 14 


16 


43 14 




53 4 299 


413 


States Represented 




Alabama, 1 




Nebraska, 


1 


California, 2 




New Hampshire, 


12 


Connecticut, 36 




New Jersey, 


30 


District of Columbia, 1 




New York, 


99 


Illinois, 1 




North Carolina, 


2 


Indiana, 7 




Ohio, 


12 


Iowa, 1 




Oklahoma, 


1 


Kansas, 1 




Oregon, 


1 



140 



Kentucky, 


2 


Pennsylvania, 


31 


Maine, 


12 


Rhode Island, 


6 


Maryland, 


2 


Vermont, 


c 

D 


Massachusetts, 


105 


Virginia, 


1 


Michigan, 


4 


Washington, 


1 


Minnesota, 


1 


West Virginia, 


1 


Missouri 


4 








Countries Represented 




Canada, 


9 


Egypt, 


1 


Argentina, 


1 


Hawiian Islands, 


1 


Brazil, 


1 


Mexico, 


2 


Bulgaria, 


1 


South Australia, 


1 


China, 


5 


Turkey, 


2 


Cuba, 


1 


Uruguay, 


3 


England, 


1 


Russia, 


1 



S Secretarial. 

C County. 

B Boys. 

1 Industrial. 

P Physical. 

* Partial Con 



S. RICHARD CARLISLE 

Coal 

3 ELM STREET SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



A. E. FISH & COMPANY 

SCREENS 

FOR DOORS, WINDOWS and VERANDAS 
Made to order from measure. Write for prices. 

4-10 ELM STREET KEENE, N. H. 




Kstahlished \HH\ 



E. L. HILDRETH k CO. 

Printers 

BRATTLKBOKO, VERMONT 



Special attention given to 
Booh\ Catalog and Magazine Commissions 



GYMNASIUM APPARATUS 

PLAYGROUND 
EQUIPMENT 

STEEL LOCKERS 




Established 

1873 



Years of intensive specializ- 
ing in these particular lines 
have made MEDART products 
pre-eminent — the first choice of 
those who know — and who con- 
sider quality and perma- 
nence as well as 
price. 



WRITE FOR CATALOG "L" 

It is a recognized guide on Gymnasium, Play- 
ground, Swimming Pool and Locker Room 
planning, equipment and operation. Sent on re- 
quest to those who are interested. Write for it 
on vour letterhead. 



Fred Medart Mfg. Co. 

3500 DeKalb Street St. Louis, Mo. 



E. S. DECKER 

LUMBER 

AND 

INTERIOR FINISH 



38 Cass Street 



Spring Held, Mass. 



THE 

' MASTER SPECIAL" 
PADLOCK 




Two-thirds Actual Size 



THE ULTIMATE LOCK 

for Gym Lockers and Tote Boxes 

The most economical and efficient locker- 
lock ever offered. Operated on the "click 
system"* — minus dials, tumblers, and vis- 
ible numbers. Simple in construction; 
built to give maximum service at lowest 
cost. Practically pays for itself in saving 
on key-replacements. Guaranteed. 
Installations ranging from 100 to over 
25,000 making good on lockers. Leading 
Physical Directors use this lock and rec- 
ommend it for Association lockers, Tote 
Boxes and variations of the Kansas City 
System. 

Particulars on ret/nest to those interested. 



THE J. B. MILLER KEYLESS LOCK CO. 

KENT. OHIO, U . S. A. 




GYMNASIUM 
OUTFITTERS 




Gymnastic 
Apparatus 



Sargent, Swedish, German 
Running Tracks, Mats 
Everything for the Gymnasium 



Lock< 



ockers 

Standard Steel Lockers 
Sanitary, Strong, Secure 
Sixteen sizes carried in stock 



1883 


w 




R 




I 


G 


T 


A 


E 


T 
A 


¥ 


L 








R 


G 




S 


1921 



Play ground 
Apparatus 

For Parks or Public Playgrounds 
Made Strong and Safe 
Complete Equipments Furnished 

Anthropometric 
Apparatus 

Measuring Instruments 
Apparatus for Medical Gymnastics 



NARRAGANSETT 
MACHINE COMPANY 

PROVIDENCE, R. I., U. S. A. 



HERMAN BUCHHOLZ & SON 

Theatrical and Fancy Dress Costumes 

Wigs, Beards, etc., Paints, Powders, Masks, 
Animal Heads, Swords, Armor, Jewelry, Dec- 
orations for Halls, Weddings, Fairs, etc. Flags 
and Banners 

33 Lyman Street Spring field, Mass. 



HEADACHE: Requires Safe Treatment 

It should be of a mild but capable character, something that is safe and 
dosen't leave you weak or exhausted. We are very careful in the 
selection of a good headache remedy. We believe we have what you want. 

HERE'S RELIEF — 
OUR HEADACHE POWDERS are safe and certain. They do not 
replace the doctor's services, but for simple cases they are excellent. 

WHEELER'S DRUG STORE, 802 State St.— Phone R 5<23 

SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS 



PREMIER QUALITY 
ATHLETIC EQUIPMENT 



m WENT Y-SEVEN years' satisfac- 
tory service to the "YV, each 
year improving and now better than 
ever, is the guarantee that your 
athletic equipment needs will be 
carefully cared for. 



ALEX TAYLOR & CO., INC. 

22 East 42d Street, New York [w rite for catalog ] 




Richard D. Kimball Company 

ENGINEERS 

Mechanical, Electrical and Sanitary 

Y. M. C. A. Buildings in whicJi ice have designed Heating and 
Ventilating System s : 
International Y. M. C. A. College, Springfield, Mass. 

Buildings in the following cities: 

Beverly, Mass., Chelsea, Mass., Worcester, Mass., Nor- 
wich, Conn., Brooklyn, N. Y., Kingston, N. Y., Bowery 
Branch, New York City, Watertown, N. Y., Orange, N. J., 
Allentown, Pa., Titusville, Pa. 

Offices at 

Beacon Street 15 West 88th Street 

BOSTON, MASS. NEW YORK CITY 



PH YSIO- THERA P Y 

is proven necessary to every school and college 
where physical education, physical training 
and athletics may call for the treatment of 
acute inflammatory conditions, strained, 
bruised or ruptured muscles, ligaments or 
blood vessels. 

THE MORSE WAVE GENERATOR 
ULTRA VIOLET RAYS 

HIGH FREQUENCY CURRENTS 

GENERAL X-RAY COMPANY 

420 BOYLSTON STREET BOSTON, MASS. 



The CHAS. C. LEWIS CO. 

Iron and Steel Sheets Blacksmiths' Supplies 

Copper and Brass Tin Plate Mechanics' Tools 

Heavy Hardware Tool Steel Tinners' Equipment 

Contractors' Supplies 

80-36 LYMAN STREET SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

TELEPHONE, RIVER 3000 



MORRIS BAKERY 

Where the Bread for the College is Baked 
Daily 

812 STATE STREET — Tel. River 3070 
Springfield Massachusetts 



POTTER KNITTING CO. 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

BEDO BRAND 

Knitted Underwear 

For Ladies, Children and Men 



SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS 



E. C. Atwater & Co. 

Sheet Metal Work of All Kinds 

SKYLIGHTS : : VENTILATORS 

ROOFING GUTTERS and CONDUCTORS 

LIGHT and HEAVY CUTTING and BENDING 
: : : JOBBING : 



23 BOND STREET 



SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



Standard Electric Time 




A reliable perfected product based on the ex- 
perience of nearly half a century. 

The Ideal Time System for Schools and Colleges. 



Send for Our Neio Booklet 
'Making Every Minute Count" 



Write Home Office or Nearest Branch 

The Standard Electric Time Co. 

89 Logan St., SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

50 Church St. 
NEW YORK CITY 



261 Franklin St. 
BOSTON, MASS. 



1361 Monadnock Bldg. 
CHICAGO, ILL. 

IS1 Market St. 
SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.